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CLASS 26. Abnormal Behavior (& Psychologi cal Disorders)

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Presentation on theme: "CLASS 26. Abnormal Behavior (& Psychologi cal Disorders)"— Presentation transcript:

1 CLASS 26

2 Abnormal Behavior (& Psychologi cal Disorders)

3 Many Related Terms Crazy – too slangy Psycho-pathological – too formal Mentally ill – okay but assumes it’s medical Psychological disorder – vague but okay

4 Also… Milder versions: maladjusted Temporary version: distressed

5 symptoms & cause Abnormal Behavior <--- Psychological Disorder (observable symptoms) <--- (underlying cause) BUT Other possible reasons for abnormal behavior All we have are the symptoms

6 Analyzing “Abnormal Behavior” Some combination of four criteria

7 Four Standard Criteria  1. Statistical deviance  2. Cultural deviance  3. Emotional distress  4. Dysfunction

8 The Normal-to-Abnormal Continuum

9 Examples of abnormality: Are they mentally ill?

10 Charlie Manson?

11 Vincent van Gogh

12 Howie Mandel?

13 Scary guy?

14 Octo-mom?

15 Osama Bin Laden?

16 Berkeley’s naked guy?

17 Abnormality vs. insanity Insanity is a legal concept Awareness of right-wrong at the time of the crime Implication: if insane, then not guilty of the crime Paradox: – the more abnormal the behavior is: –(a) the less guilty they are legally, but –(b) the more people want to punish

18 Jeffrey Dahmer -bizarre but coherent

19 Andrea Yates -bizarre but incoherent

20 Colonel Russell Williams -bizarre but coherent and successful

21 Two Models of Mental Illness Medical model Sociological model

22 Medical Model -Abnormal behavior is caused by a disease -Categorical -Measurable symptoms -Cured with appropriate therapy

23 Sociological Model completely arbitrary emphasizes cultural deviance criterion e.g., homosexuality – now only if distressing e.g., pre-menstrual syndrome (PMS) repression of artists, writers, political extremists,

24 DSM Diagnostic and Statistical Manual Bible for clinical psychologists and psychiatrists Organizes and categorizes mental illness

25 Five axes of the DSM I: Clinical disorders II: Personality disorders III: Medical conditions IV: Environmental conditions V: Global functioning

26 DSM-5 New since 2013 Even more controversial Even more disorders (tobacco-use disorder) Psychologists vs. psychiatrists

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