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Psychology II Introduction to Abnormal Psychology.

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Presentation on theme: "Psychology II Introduction to Abnormal Psychology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Psychology II Introduction to Abnormal Psychology

2 Defining Abnormality What does it mean to be sane or insane? Seemingly simple, but complex concept

3 Statistical Definition Is something atypical considered abnormal? Societal and cultural norms definition

4 Distress Definition - however, there are times when abnormal behavior is not distressing Manic phase of bipolar depression Antisocial personality disorder

5 Impairment in functioning Cognitive Emotional Behavioral Sometimes, this is not abnormal Depression over a death

6 Difficult to define… 3 Criteria… Deviance Distress Disability/Maladaptive Behavior Symptom/Behavior Continuum: --- normal range +++ Abnormal

7 DSM-IV-TR Definition Behavioral, emotional or cognitive dysfunctions that are; unexpected in their cultural context associated with personal distress, or substantial impairment in functioning

8 Abnormal behavior must be a consistent pattern of behavior Thousand light years running through my brain reminding me that no ones sane, not all the time What is considered abnormal depends on various factors "And those who were seen dancing were thought to be insane by those who could not hear the music." - Friedrich Nietzsche Defining Abnormality

9 Characteristics of abnormal behavior. Statistical deviance Cultural deviance Emotional Distress Dysfunction Problems with labeling mentally ill: Rosenhan study – On being sane in insane places Just being labeled insane can tremendously affect how people react to you Defining Abnormality

10 Reasons to Label/Diagnose: Needed for communication Guide treatment Insurance reimbursement Arguments against Labeling: Creates a stigma Creates a self-fulfilling prophecy Fail to see the person behind the disorder

11 Perceived Causes movements of sun or moon lunacy- full moon evil spirits Ancient Treatments exorcism, caged like animals, beaten, burned, mutilated, blood replaced with animals blood

12 assumes that biological, sociocultural, and psychological factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders Biological (chemistry, brain) Psychological (learned helplessness, negative perceptions and memories) Sociocultural (Societal expectations, definition of normality and disorder)

13 Diagnosis Label for a set of symptoms Prognosis Prediction or forecast for the course of a D/O Etiology Suspected cause of a disorder

14 DSM-IV-TR D iagnostic and S tatistical M anual of Mental Disorders, 4 th edition, Text Revision Published by the American Psychiatric Association 2000…(most recent update 2004) Next major revision (DSM-V) anticipated for Provides for reliable classification and description of all mental illnesses Allows for better communication

15 DSM IV- Purpose: Provide a well-defined classification system based on objective and measurable criteria, reliable diagnoses of psychological disorders Classifying Disorders

16 Axis I Major Clinical Disorders Axis II Mental Retardation & Personality Disorders Axis III General Medical Conditions Axis IV Psychosocial/Environmental Stressors Axis V Global Assessment of Functioning # between 1 and 100 Current and Highest in past year

17 Anxiety Disorders Mood Disorders Somatoform Disorders Dissociative Disorders Schizophrenia Substance Use Disorders Other Axis I Disorders Personality Disorders (Axis II)

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