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Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Updated 4e Richard P. Halgin Susan Krauss Whitbourne University of Massachusetts at.

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Presentation on theme: "Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Updated 4e Richard P. Halgin Susan Krauss Whitbourne University of Massachusetts at."— Presentation transcript:

1 Abnormal Psychology Clinical Perspectives on Psychological Disorders Updated 4e Richard P. Halgin Susan Krauss Whitbourne University of Massachusetts at Amherst slides by Travis Langley Henderson State University Copyright © 2005 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.

2 Chapter 2: Classification and Treatment Plans

3

4 Psychological Disorder: Experiences of Client and Clinician The Client: The person seeking psychological treatment.

5 Psychological Disorder: Experiences of Client and Clinician The Client: The person seeking psychological treatment. Prevalence of Psychological Disorders: 1 in 5 during past year

6 Psychological Disorder: Experiences of Client and Clinician The Client: The person seeking psychological treatment. Prevalence of Psychological Disorders: 1 in 5 during past year Comorbidity: Co-existence of mental disorders

7 Psychological Disorder: Experiences of Client and Clinician The Clinician: Mental health professional. There are many types taking many approaches. Psychiatrists (MD)

8 Psychological Disorder: Experiences of Client and Clinician The Clinician: Mental health professional. There are many types taking many approaches. Clinical Psychologists (PhD or PsyD)

9 The DSM-IV The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association

10 Reliability Validity Base Rates Social Context Concerns in Developing the DSM-IV DSM-IV-TR copyright © 2000 American Psychiatric Association.

11 1952 DSM (a.k.a. DSM-I) 1968 DSM-II (based on ICD) 1980 DSM-III How the DSM Developed

12 1952 DSM (a.k.a. DSM-I) 1968 DSM-II (based on ICD) 1980 DSM-III 1987 DSM-III-R 1994 DSM-IV 2000 DSM-IV-TR

13 Mental Disorder Clinically significant behavioral or psychological syndrome or pattern Distress or disability Significant risk Not expectable, culturally sanctioned response to a particular event

14 Classification system based on medical model Descriptive rather than explanatory Atheoretical orientation Categorical approach Multiaxial system Assumptions of the DSM-IV

15 The Five Axes of the DSM-IV Axis I: Clinical Disorders Axis II: Personality Disorders and Mental Retardation Axis III: General Medical Conditions Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning (helps assess prognosis)

16 The Diagnostic Process The Client’s Reported and Observable Symptoms Diagnostic Criteria and Differential Diagnosis Final Diagnosis Case Formulation Cultural Formulation

17 Planning Treatment Establish Treatment Goals –Immediate Goals –Short-Term Goals –Long-Term Goals

18 Planning Treatment Determine Treatment Site –Hospital or Inpatient Treatment Center –Outpatient Services –Halfway Houses and Day Treatment –School and EAP Counselors

19 Treatment Modality Individual Psychotherapy Family Therapy Group Therapy Milieu Therapy Theoretical Perspective on Which Treatment Is Based

20 Treatment Implementation The Course of Treatment – The Role of Clinician – The Role of Client The Outcome of Treatment

21 Internet Resource For more information on material covered in this chapter, visit our website: http://www.mhhe.com/halgin4u


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