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The Search for the Northwest Passage England, France and the Netherlands.

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Presentation on theme: "The Search for the Northwest Passage England, France and the Netherlands."— Presentation transcript:

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2 The Search for the Northwest Passage England, France and the Netherlands

3 The Treaty of Tordesillas Pope Alexander VI drew a line of demarcation. This line split the unexplored world into _2_ parts. – All lands west of the line belonged to Spain. – All lands east of the line belonged to Portugal. – Divided whole unexplored world between Spain and Portugal. – ***Other European countries competed with Spain for control over territory in the Americas**

4 The Search for the Northwest Passage A more direct water route to Asia ENGLAND – John Cabot Sailed in 1497 Landed on the coast of present day New Foundland England used his voyage as a basis for claims in North America.

5 FRANCE Giovanni da Verranzano – Sailed in 1524 – Explored present day Nova Scotia down to present day Carolinas Jacques Cartier Sailed up the St. Lawrence river Hoped it would lead to the Pacific Named a location – Mont Royal – present day Montreal

6 NETHERLANDS Henry Hudson – Start of the Dutch claims on the North American continent. – 1609 discovered a river which now bears his name….. – Discovered Hudson Bay

7 FRANCE **** Did not view the Americas as a way to expand their empire Viewed the Americas as an economic opportunity- profits from fishing and fur trading. New France

8 NETHERLANDS Also established trading colonies in the Americas, but would also colonize. New Netherland

9 Portugal, Spain, France, England and the Netherlands All had claims and colonies in America.


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