Presentation on theme: "The Search for the Northwest Passage"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Search for the Northwest Passage England, France and the Netherlands
2 The Treaty of Tordesillas Pope Alexander VI drew a line of demarcation.This line split the unexplored world into _2_ parts.All lands west of the line belonged to Spain.All lands east of the line belonged to Portugal.Divided whole unexplored world between Spain and Portugal.***Other European countries competed with Spain for control over territory in the Americas**
3 The Search for the Northwest Passage A more direct water route to Asia ENGLANDJohn CabotSailed in 1497Landed on the coast of present day New FoundlandEngland used his voyage as a basis for claims in North America.
4 FRANCE Giovanni da Verranzano Sailed in 1524 Explored present day Nova Scotia down to present day CarolinasJacques CartierSailed up the St. Lawrence riverHoped it would lead to the PacificNamed a location – Mont Royal – present day Montreal
5 NETHERLANDS Henry Hudson Start of the Dutch claims on the North American continent.1609 discovered a river which now bears his name…..Discovered Hudson Bay
6 FRANCE **** Did not view the Americas as a way to expand their empire Viewed the Americas as an economic opportunity- profits from fishing and fur trading.New France
7 NETHERLANDSAlso established trading colonies in the Americas, but would also colonize.New Netherland
8 Portugal, Spain, France, England and the Netherlands All had claims and colonies in America.