Presentation on theme: "The Search for the Northwest Passage"— Presentation transcript:
1The Search for the Northwest Passage England, France and the Netherlands
2The Treaty of Tordesillas Pope Alexander VI drew a line of demarcation.This line split the unexplored world into _2_ parts.All lands west of the line belonged to Spain.All lands east of the line belonged to Portugal.Divided whole unexplored world between Spain and Portugal.***Other European countries competed with Spain for control over territory in the Americas**
3The Search for the Northwest Passage A more direct water route to Asia ENGLANDJohn CabotSailed in 1497Landed on the coast of present day New FoundlandEngland used his voyage as a basis for claims in North America.
4FRANCE Giovanni da Verranzano Sailed in 1524 Explored present day Nova Scotia down to present day CarolinasJacques CartierSailed up the St. Lawrence riverHoped it would lead to the PacificNamed a location – Mont Royal – present day Montreal
5NETHERLANDS Henry Hudson Start of the Dutch claims on the North American continent.1609 discovered a river which now bears his name…..Discovered Hudson Bay
6FRANCE **** Did not view the Americas as a way to expand their empire Viewed the Americas as an economic opportunity- profits from fishing and fur trading.New France
7NETHERLANDSAlso established trading colonies in the Americas, but would also colonize.New Netherland
8Portugal, Spain, France, England and the Netherlands All had claims and colonies in America.