Presentation on theme: "What group do you most identify yourself? Football– Group 1 Reader– Group 2 Cheerleaders - 3 Artists – Group 4 Singer – Group 5 Band– Group 6 Orchestra–"— Presentation transcript:
What group do you most identify yourself? Football– Group 1 Reader– Group 2 Cheerleaders - 3 Artists – Group 4 Singer – Group 5 Band– Group 6 Orchestra– Group 7 Writers – Group 8 Theatre/Acting– Group 9 Pokeman Fans– 10 Soccer – 11 Runner – 12 One Direction Fans- 13
Move to the part of the room that is the group in which you feel the closest alliance…. You will work together to create the best classroom seal and motto for our class after looking at the current United States Seal including motto “E Pluribus Unum.”
As a group, design a seal that would represent our class – check out our current US Seal. Everyone in class must wear this seal on a class t-shirt.
Present your shield to the class and each group has one vote. We will pick the shield that has 9/13 votes. Each group gets to vote on each shield. The shield with 9 or more votes wins. Each group can only vote on one shield.
Debrief Did we decide on one seal that at least 9 of groups could agree on? What were the problems in finding a common decision? How did the different groups feel as we made the decisions? Where there any groups missing? How did that affect the process What would have helped the decisions?
Quiz on a Post It Place your name on Post It If you have your own Post It add one point Number 1-5 Answers require only one letter or one word answer. Keep your eyes on your own paper.
Quiz over AOC 1.Totally true, A little true, False, A little False: Native Americans were given equal protection as white settlers under the Northwest Ordinance.
Quiz over AOC 2.The NW Ordinance: a.Granted freedom of religion and the right to trial by jury to settlers. b.Organized the territories and gave a clear path to statehood. c.Abolished slavery in the territories. d.All of the above
Quiz over AOC 3.The AOC were ratified: a.Immediately following the DOI b.In 1781 after territorial disputes were solved c.In 1865 after the end of the Civil War d.After the US Constitution was proved too weak
Quiz over AOC 4. The Articles of Confederation: a. established the Confederate States of America and announced their secession in 1776. b. established too weak of a central government and were replaced by the U.S. Constitution. c. gave all authority to the central government and left no power to the states.
Quiz over AOC 5. Which power did the central government not have under the Articles of Confederation? a. Under the Articles of Confederation the central government had all of the powers below: b.Diplomacy, making treaties, etc. c.Coordinating the war effort d.The power to tax e.Settling disputes between the states
Articles of Confederation Simulation This simulation was designed to show you the set up and weaknesses of America’s first ruling document – the Articles of Confederation. But what did you actually “experience?”
Simulation to Reality During the war and after, under the new government, most people still saw themselves as “Virginians or South Carolinians” than Americans. The first government was ruled under the Articles of Confederation. But under this plan for government, most of the powers were given to the states, and the national government was really not strong enough. The Constitution replaced the AOC within about 11 years. Here’s the story….
From the Articles of Confederation what can you learn?
The AOC said that the government would be… Divided into only one branch: A legislative branch that was called the Confederation Congress. Each state could send 2-7 representatives but they only got one vote on each law or issue.
The Confederation Congress had the powers to: Draw an image next to each: Borrow money Make treaties Declare war Deal with the Indians Control Western lands Deal with foreign problems Run Postal Service 9/13 states had to approve any decision
Ratifying the AOC 1.Drafted in 1777 and approved by the Congress as a whole, but the small states did not sign until 1781 as the war was ending. 2.Small states didn’t like that fact that large states had control of lands west of the Appalachian Mountains.
Simulation to Reality 1.13 “groups” 2.Each group had different # of representatives 3.Some groups had no members 4.Each group got only 1 vote no matter how many members 5.9/13 groups had to approve a seal before it went onto our shirts 6.13/13 had to approve an official change to our voting process
The achievements of the government under the AOC, too. It wasn’t all bad….. Peace Treaty with Great Britain (treaty of Paris of 1783) Land Ordinance of 1785 – decided how to systematically cut up the new lands in the Northwest Territory; got large states to give up claims to Western lands. Northwest Ordinance of 1787– a system which said new states could be added
Western Land Claims When the large states gave the land to the government to manage, the remaining small states ratified the AOC
What would you do with the NW Territory? How would you organize it? Divide it? Govern it?
F. Northwest Ordinance 1.Provided for the organized creation of the 5 states that today we call OH, IN, MI, IL, WI,
F. Northwest Ordinance 1.Provided for the organized creation of the states that today we call OH, IN, MI, IL, WI, 2.Northwest Ordinance – ratified in 1787 by Confederation Congress and it stated that in lands of the Northwest Territory, they would be settled and governed in the following manner: a)When there are 5000 land owning males, the township could elect an assembly b)When there are 60000 people they could apply for statehood (after the assembly writes the state constitution) c)Slavery is outlawed everywhere d)Rivers are navigable by all e)Freedom of religion is guaranteed in all the townships f)Trial by jury is guaranteed! g)Schools are set up in each area h)Natives were to be treated with a “decent” respect.
What problems could arise with this plan of government?
What were the weaknesses of the federal government under the AOC? No power to levy or collect taxes (states collected money and could turn it into the national treasury) No power to regulate trade between states or with foreign countries No power to enforce laws (no commander in chief and no way to call up an army) States didn’t have to follow laws or treaties. No power to set up courts (judicial branch) to settle disputes between states
Other problems Laws needed 9/13 states for approval. That’s 70% - really a lot of agreement. To amend (change) any of these weaknesses, all states had to approve – that means 100%
Why were the Articles of Confederation so weak? What we didn’t like about the British... Taxation without representation Large central government (monarchy) had all the power States always had to listen to the king All power was in the King’s hands. King could change the system of government any time So the Articles of Confederation… Federal government could not tax States didn’t have to follow laws and treaties. States had their own laws and didn’t have to follow any other states’ laws No executive branch or national court system. Any amendment required all 13 states
G. Shay’s Rebellion – the final straw 1.A problem in the state of Massachusetts because of debt to soldiers in 1787 2.Lots of debt in Massachusetts leads to EXTREMELY high taxes - about $200/year which is more than the average family even makes in a year 3.Strict debt laws also in Massachusetts means that if families can’t pay their taxes or debt, they are thrown in jail and their property sold 4.Farmers worried, so they ask the Massachusetts legislature for some help (c’mon Massachusetts, give us a break!), and legislature gives them no relief 5.Farmers get together to rebel 6.Daniel Shays is leader of rebellion, a group of them go to the state arsenal (where weapons are stored) and attack 7.State militia is called in, and four folks die and the rebellion is squashed. 8.What did the national government do? Nothing? They had no power to give the state and/or the farmers any help. With this huge rebellion, they realized how powerless they were.
Paper Debate in a Group of 4 Side One: The AOC is a great plan of government for the newly independent US – Hint: Make sure your debaters are prepared with accurate examples of successes of the AOC. Side Two: The AOC is too weak a plan of government for the newly independent US. – Hint: Make sure your debaters are prepared with accurate examples of problems related to the AOC.