Presentation on theme: "The Northwest Coast People. Location/Geography Pacific Coast of Canada (from Oregon to Alaska) Climate is very mild and rainy: cool summers and warm/mild."— Presentation transcript:
The Northwest Coast People
Location/Geography Pacific Coast of Canada (from Oregon to Alaska) Climate is very mild and rainy: cool summers and warm/mild winters
Shelter Lived in longhouses similar to the Iroquois, but notice the different color and art Made of wood and lasted many years
Food Northwest coast people were mainly fishermen and ate salmon, cod, and other seafood For meat, the people hunted deer and other land animals There were lots of berries to eat The men hunted and fished, and the women prepared the food
Does this fish look similar to something at our school?
Transportation Used canoes on rivers and lakes and longboats to travel by sea
Seasons Winter In large permanent villages Making/repairing tools Living on stored food Spring/Summer/Fall Living at various food collection sites – shellfish, salmon Trading with other groups Raiding Barry Tate
Society - Clans Raven Eagle Clarence Mills Corey Bullpitt
Caste system Unlike the Plains or Iroquois, the Northwest coast people lived in a very strict social system which they were born into: 1) The Chief (leader) 2) noblemen (Chief’s assistants) 3) fishermen, common people 4) slaves
Potlatch ceremony The potlatch ceremony was a way to show off status (or gain face) Sometimes participants would wear masks. They perform dances, and bring food and gifts to give away
Northwest coast art Northwest coast people built large totem poles carved from wood
More totem poles
Totem pole raising
Masks Masks were worn during special ceremonies, such as the potlatch
Northwest Coast People Vocabulary: Caste System – A social system of different classes based on birth, rank, and wealth. Totem Pole – Tall wooden poles carved to tell a story or have some religious significance Taboo – a custom or tradition that must be followed. Making things sacred or evil. Potlatch – Giant gathering, which often lasted for days, where people from other villages were invited to feast, sing, dance, tell stories and receive gifts. Guests were sat according to rank.