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November 2011 © Copyright 2010 - 2014 Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Level 1.

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Presentation on theme: "November 2011 © Copyright 2010 - 2014 Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Level 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 November 2011 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Level 1

2 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 2 Today Plan of the pool deck The Officials Up the Ladder Marshal Safety Marshal Role of the Timer The Paperwork Meet Sequence Split Times End of the Race Times and Timings Recording Times Relay Takeovers Head Lane Timer Questionnaire – 15 minutes Review (answers)

3 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 3 Number of lanes 6 – 8 25m or 50m Plan of Pool Deck

4 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 4 Backstroke (warning) flags Plan of Pool Deck

5 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 5 False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Plan of Pool Deck

6 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 6 Officials - Expectations Dress Code White clothing (long pants) or matching shirts if provided by Meet management Comfortable, rubber soled shoes Expect to get wet Arrival Time Officials lounge or area 45 minutes prior to the start of the Meet (sign in and stay in the area for briefing) Time requested by the Meet Manager

7 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 7 Officials - Ethics Have a positive attitude Accept an assignment to officiate only if you intend to honor the commitment Accept the assignment you’ve been given Don’t leave your post Complete the session Be impartial (cheering really shouldn’t be done) Be unobtrusive and inconspicuous A referee’s decision is final (please don’t take offence) Remain cool and professional at all times Be fair to all Keep seated as much as possible Be friendly (but don’t distract swimmers mentally preparing for race) Know the rules thoroughly

8 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 8 Meet the Officials The Referee False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags

9 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 9 The Starter Referee False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Meet the Officials

10 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 10 The Chief Timer Referee Starter False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Meet the Officials

11 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 11 Referee Starter Chief Timer The Assistant Chief Timer False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Meet the Officials

12 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 12 Referee Starter Chief Timer Assistant Chief Timer False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Meet the Officials Timers

13 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 13 Referee Starter Chief Timer Assistant Chief Timer Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Timers are always located on the deck at the Finish end of a pool. Meet the Officials

14 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 14 Referee Starter Chief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags The Judge of Stroke Meet the Officials

15 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 15 Referee Starter Chief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turns Judges Judge of Stroke Meet the Officials

16 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 16 Referee StarterChief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turns Judges Judge of Stroke Meet the Officials Head Lane Timers

17 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 17 Referee Starter Chief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course (Marshalling Table) Meet the Officials

18 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 18 Referee StarterChief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area with Marshal(s) Meet the Officials Marshal

19 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 19 Referee StarterChief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Meet the Officials Marshal

20 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 20 Referee StarterChief Timer Recorder/Scorer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Recorder/Scorer Assistant Chief Timer Meet the Officials Marshal

21 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 21 Referee StarterChief Timer Recorder/Scorer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Meet Manager Assistant Chief Timer Meet the Officials Marshal

22 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 22 Referee Starter Chief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Approximately 30 officials needed on deck to run a single ended Meet, plus … Recorder/Scorer Meet the Officials Marshal Meet Manager

23 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 23 Referee Starter Chief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Recorder/Scorer Electronics Runners Safety Marshals Food Preparation Meet the Officials Marshal Meet Manager

24 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Typically 30 minutes before the start of each session Essential to organize 30 or more officials for a single ended meet Double ended meet you have twice the officials Assigns deck position and duties Explains specific equipment and procedures for the session Officials - Briefing

25 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 25 Up the Ladder Level I Level II Level III Level IV Level V

26 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 26 Level I Attendance and successful completion of this clinic To be certified at Level I you require 2 satisfactory deck evaluations Level I

27 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 27 Level II Certified Level I (clinic + 2 sign-off’s) Completion of clinics and 2 deck evaluations in any 2 positions except Referee, one of which must be Strokes & Turns Stroke & Turn Judge/ Head Lane Timer Clerk of Course Chief Timer Chief Finish Judge Chief Judge Electronics Recorder Scorer (no sign-off’s) Starter Meet Manager Level II

28 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 28 Level III Certified Level II Completion of all clinics and 2 deck evaluations in any 3 remaining positions Referee can not be used until level III has been attained Referee clinic must be have been taken within last 2 years Conduct a Level I clinic Level III

29 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 29 Up the Ladder Level I Level II Level III Level IV Level V Levels IV and V require … additional clinics intensive evaluation National Meet experience and much more.

30 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 30 Up the Ladder Sign-offs for Deck Official Positions: The appropriate clinic must be completed & deck experience gained before requesting a sign-off for each position Ask the session referee for a sign-off / deck evaluation before you begin the session Two (2) sign-offs are required for almost every position (not in the same meet) Expectations for deck experience should be in a variety of pools with different meet types and different evaluators See a Regional Officials Rep or Master Official for other guidelines on sign-off’s

31 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association OSOA – Officials Registration On-line clinics PowerPoint clinics Forms Swimming News and more

32 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association OSOA – Officials Registration On-line clinics 80% to pass Enrollment key Classroom clinics COC adds the clinic to the website Sign up to attend Register at

33 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 33 Safety Marshal Typically wears a bright coloured safety vest or similar clothing Timeframe: from the start of warm-up to when the pool is cleared in anticipation of the start of meet. Ensures that all warm-up procedures are followed Diving starts shall not be made during two-way swimming unless specified lanes (sprint lanes) are designated: then only one-way swimming in those lanes Signs available indicating lane use Responsible to the Referee for all aspects of safety related to the conduct of the warm up

34 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 34 Safety Marshal Receive briefing from Meet Manager and Referee Lane designation / deck assignment Time of diving starts Announcements Safety issues are very important with the number of swimmers in the water on the deck Responsible to the Referee for all aspects of safety related to the conduct of the warm-up

35 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 35 Safety Marshal Warm-up procedure Minimum 30 minutes Entry is feet first (no dives or cannonballs) 30 minutes to end Outside lanes are sprint lanes (one way only) and supervised by a coach Lanes 2/7 may be used as backstroke lanes Only appropriate equipment (flutterboard, pull- buoy) is used Responsible to the Referee for all aspects of safety related to the conduct of the competition.

36 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 36 Safety Marshal Authority includes the ability to, Inform the swimmer of a breach of the safety rules Remove the swimmer from warm-up and escort to the coach Inform the Referee of safety violations (it is only under the Referee’s authority that a swimmer may be excluded from the meet) Responsible to the Referee for all aspects of safety related to the conduct of the competition from start of warm-up to start of meet.

37 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 37 Timer - Importance Every official at a meet is a volunteer Great number of details Large number of people (50 people) Everyone is waiting for your actions without timers… no swim times Your attitude toward the assignment will dictate your performance

38 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 38 Timer - Responsibilities Ensure that the swimmer’s name, lane, heat number, etc. is correct (Head Lane Timer). (If incorrect you should inform the Referee and/or Chief Timekeeper) Watch the starts – start watch at the flash of the gun or strobe Get accurate finish times Do accurate recording of times Understand if preliminaries, finals

39 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 39 Timer - Equipment Watches will be provided (or you can bring your own) Secure the lanyard around your neck Make sure watch display is working Test it! Start, stop, splits … clearing Only stop a watch that you start Paperwork Heat Sheets Lane Sheets or Time Cards – printed from Meet Manager software Relays and long distance events

40 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 40 Heat Sheet Heat Sheet info – event, heat, lane, swimmer(s)

41 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 41 Lane Timer Sheet Event 2050 FreeMale10/under Lane 3Heat 1Joe Blow Lane 3Heat 2Sam Cly Lane 3Heat 3Tom Pitt Event 2150 FlyFemale10/under Lane 3Heat 1Joy Gray Lane 3Heat 2Barb Wire Lane 3Heat 3Sara Flynn Lane 3Heat 4Polly Teck

42 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 42 The Time Card from the Meet Manager software All the Relay Names (in the order of appearance)

43 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 43 How it works Referee StarterChief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Swimmers are called to the Marshal’s Table by Event. Marshal

44 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 44 How it works Referee StarterChief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Sorted by heat, they are sent to the Marshalling area to await instructions to move to the starting blocks Marshal

45 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 45 How it works Referee Starter Chief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Marshalls will move the swimmers behind the blocks as they come within 1 or 2 heats. Marshal

46 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 46 How it works Referee StarterChief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Swimmers will present themselves to the Head Lane Timer. Marshal

47 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 47 How it works Referee StarterChief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Start your watch with, The flash of the gun or strobe light Whether the lane is occupied or not Then the race will start Marshal

48 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 48 The Start Swimmers should report before the race is under the Starter’s orders (ideally 1-2 heats in advance). If a swimmer appears after the Starter has taken control, ask them to wait then inform the Chief Timekeeper who will inform the referee. Ensure the previous time on the watch is cleared Position yourself so that you can clearly see the flash Hold the watch firmly and motionless Use your index finger Watch the flash … gun/strobe

49 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 49 How it works Referee StarterChief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Ooops! If your watch fails to start, raise your hand and report to the Chief Timekeeper Marshal

50 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 50 How it works Referee Starter Chief Timer Assistant Chief Timer { { { { { { Timers False Start Rope Backstroke Flags Backstroke Flags Turn Judges Clerk of Course Marshalling Area Chief Finish Judge Ooops! If your watch fails to stop, record NT (No Time) for your watch Marshal

51 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 51 Split Times Splits are the times achieved every time the swimmer touches at the start end (turn end when requested). The time is taken by 1 timer and recorded by another. Official splits are taken for relays for the first leg of the race.

52 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 52 Recording Split Times :30.34 Samples Recorded every 50m on short course and 100m on long course

53 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 53 Best Seat in the House At the finish of the race, Lean right over the finish edge of the pool and look straight down over your lane. Stop the watch when, Swimmer’s hand touches the wall Any part of the body touches the wall Any part of the body passes through the wall’s vertical plane Swimmer contacts the touch pad Do not concern yourself with stroke rules and regulations If swimmer does not finish the required distance write DNF (Did Not Finish) on your paperwork. Clear your watch when, The referee blows the first long whistle, signaling the swimmers to the block Instructed by the Chief Timekeeper

54 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 54 Semi-Automatic Officiating Equipment At some meets plungers (semi automatic equipment) are used as part of the timing system This equipment records the elapsed time of each swimmer and determines the relative place in a race The plunger is activated by the Starter and stopped by the timer using the index finger to press the button on the plunger ONLY at the finish of the race (or for splits if so instructed by the Chief Timekeeper)

55 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 55 What’s my time??? If a swimmer requests a time from you. Remain focused Stay polite Decline (‘cleared watch’, ‘don’t remember’ …) Because … you do not have an official time

56 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 56 Times and Timing If you think the swimmer is going to be disqualified. Record your times anyway (mistakes happen). Please don’t interfere or offer comment to the Strokes and Turns Judges or swimmer.

57 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 57 Times and Timing Convention for time is, 2:10.35 ColonPeriod MinutesSecondsHundredths

58 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 58 Times and Timing Which is the official time? It is the intermediate time (not average) which will be awarded to the swimmer. 2: : :09.86 Final time is 2:09.86 Or if the times from two watches are identical. 1: : :11.65 Final time is 1:11.65

59 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 59 Times and Timing So what if only two watches are being used? It’s the average of the two, truncated to two decimal places. 2: :10.46 Awarded time is 2:10.40 The Chief Timekeeper’s time may be included on the paperwork for your lane only when there are fewer than 3 good times. 4:20.81

60 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 60 Recording Times – Heat Sheet Make sure you are recording in the right spot. Mark your heat sheet with your Lane #.

61 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 61 Recording Times Lane Timer Sheet Make sure you are recording in the right spot. Event 2050 FreeMale10/under Lane 3Heat 1Joe Blow ______________________ Lane 3Heat 2Sam Cly______________________ Lane 3Heat 3Tom Pitt______________________

62 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 62 Recording Times - Time Card from Meet Manager software Make sure you are recording in the right spot.

63 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 63 Head Lane Timer If appointed Head Lane Timer your duties will include, Making sure the correct swimmer is in your lane. Making sure the times, including splits are recorded correctly If using electronics, identifying light touches to the Chief Finish Judge (comment on the paperwork) Ensure the swimmer has completed the required lengths of the pool Ring bell in long distance races Acting as the Relay-take-over judge (if appointed)

64 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 64 Head Lane Timer Distance events (800/1500) Record split times for each lap, Ring the bell to indicate the last turn at timer’s end of the pool Ring bell after confirmation with Chief Timekeeper Ring bell over the right hand lane rope Begin ringing at the backstroke flags, continue through the turn and until the swimmer returns to the backstroke flags

65 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 65 Judging Relay Takeovers Duties include, Verifying that swimmers are swimming in correct order (notify Chief Timekeeper if not) Observing the ‘touch-out’ and ‘take-off’ of the relay team in your lane Identifying unfair ‘touch-outs’ and ‘take-offs’ of the relay team in your lane Disqualify after consultation with the Referee/Chief Timekeeper Follow prescribed channels for disqualifications Do not touch the swimmers

66 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 66 Judging Relay Takeovers What is fair? The swimmer on the blocks may be in motion, beginning the dive, but must remain in contact with the blocks until the approaching swimmer touches the wall.

67 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 67 Level 1 (Timekeeper) Questionnaire 15 minutes. Questions before we begin?

68 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 68 Level 1 - Questionnaire 1. The correct dress for Officials is: a.Their own club T-shirts; b.Matching shirts, if provided by meet management; c.All white clothing; d.Shorts or tennis skirt.

69 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 69 Level 1 - Questionnaire 2. Before a meet, you should report to the designated officials’ area: a.In time for the first race; b.At the time requested by the meet manager; c.Two hours before the start of the meet; d.45 minutes before the start of the meet unless otherwise instructed.

70 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 70 Level 1 - Questionnaire 3. After signing out your manual digital watch, you should: a.Secure the lanyard around your neck; b.Make sure the batteries are charged and the video display works; c.Test operational features (start, stop, split etc.); d.Place the watch in your pocket or purse.

71 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 71 Level 1 - Questionnaire 4. Ideally, as a timer you should be stationed: a.On the deck at the finish end of your assigned lane; b.One the side deck, midway along the pool; c.In the bleachers, at the finish end of the pool.

72 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 72 Level 1 - Questionnaire 5. If a swimmer reports to your lane after the heat is under Starter’s orders, you should: a.Wait until the race has started and then inform the referee through the Chief Timekeeper b.Wave your hand and shout to get the Starter’s attention; c.Put the swimmer into the next available empty lane; d.Direct the swimmer to wait and not interrupt the start.

73 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 73 Level 1 - Questionnaire 6. As soon as you become aware that you have a swimmer in your lane that doesn’t match your paperwork (wrong name, lane, heat etc.), you should: a.Inform the Referee and/or Chief Timekeeper; b.Adjust the name on the lane sheet; c.Do nothing; d.Inform the Chief Finish Judge.

74 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 74 Level 1 - Questionnaire 7. At the commencement of the race, you should start your watch: a.At the sound of the gun; b.At the flash of the gun; c.When the swimmer leaves the block; d.At the sound of the horn; e.At the flash of the strobe light on the automatic system; f.Whether your lane is occupied or not.

75 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 75 Level 1 - Questionnaire 8. When starting or stopping a manual digital watch, you should: a.Swing it in an arc; b.Snap your wrist as you depress the button; c.Hold it firmly and motionless; d.Use the same finger to start and stop it. e.Only stop a watch that you start.

76 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 76 Level 1 - Questionnaire 9. If you missed a start, or your watch malfunctions during a race or you failed to get a finish time, you should: a.Report to the Chief Timekeeper; b.Record the same time as another timer in your lane; c.Record NO TIME (NT) for your watch; d.Record an estimated time; e.Record the time on the automatic system score board.

77 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 77 Level 1 - Questionnaire 10. For the finish of a race, you should position yourself: a.Looking down over your lane, at the finish end of the pool; b.With your foot on top of the touch pad; c.Seated behind the starting block of your assigned lane.

78 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 78 Level 1 - Questionnaire 11. When the required distance has been completed, you should stop your watch when: a.The swimmer’s hand touches the end wall of the pool; b.Any part of the swimmer’s body touches the end wall; c.Any part of the swimmer’s body passes through the vertical plane of the end wall; d.The swimmer makes contact with the touch- pad; e.The swimmer touches with one hand on the breast stroke.

79 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 79 Level 1 - Questionnaire 12. If the swimmer in your lane does not finish the required distance, you should: a.Report DID NOT FINISH (DNF) on your lane sheet; b.Record what time the swimmer left the water; c.Record what time the swimmer stopped swimming.

80 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 80 Level 1 - Questionnaire 13. If your manual digital watch reads two minutes, ten seconds and one-one hundredth, the correct time to record is: a.2:10.01 b.2:10.0 c.2:10

81 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 81 Level 1 - Questionnaire 14. Rewrite the following times in the correct numerical form: a.One minute, two and ten one-hundredths seconds; b.Four minutes thirty-six hundredths of a second; c.Two minutes and one second; d.Thirty four point two-five seconds; e.One minute, fifteen and forty-three hundredths of a second. 1: : : :15.43

82 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 82 Level 1 - Questionnaire 15. If the swimmer in your lane is disqualified for any reason, you should: a.Record their finish times anyway; b.Tell the swimmer his finish time but not record the times on your paperwork; c.Record the time when the disqualification took place.

83 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 83 Level 1 - Questionnaire 16. When three watches are being used on one lane, the official time is: a.The average time of all three watches; b.The intermediate time if all three watches differ; c.The common time if two watches are identical.

84 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 84 Level 1 - Questionnaire 17. When two watches are being used on one lane, the official time is: a.The average time of the two watches, truncated to two decimal places; b.The faster of the two watches; c.The slower time of the two watches.

85 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 85 Level 1 - Questionnaire 18. The correct time to clear your watch is: a.When your Chief Timekeeper tells you; b.If you are not instructed, then when the Referee blows his first long whistle, to put the swimmers on the blocks or into the water; c.When the Starter says “take your marks”; d.After your time is recorded on your paperwork; e.Whenever your time is substantially different from the other timers.

86 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 86 Level 1 - Questionnaire 19. When judging relay take-overs, your duties are to: a.Observe the “touch-out” and “take-off” of relay team members in your lane; b.After consultation with the Referee/Chief Timekeeper disqualify teams as appropriate; c.Not touch any swimmer while he is on the starting blocks; d.Report disqualifications through the prescribed channels; e.Inform offending team members immediately of their disqualification (prior to informing the Referee) f.Consider a relay take-off to be fair if a swimmer who starts early returns to touch the wall before swimming his leg.

87 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 87 Level 1 - Questionnaire 20. Until the touch-out of one relay team member, the next swimmer on the team: a.May be in motion; b.Must be absolutely motionless; c.Must maintain contact with the starting block.

88 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 88 Level 1 - Questionnaire 21. If you are appointed the Head Lane Timekeeper, your duties shall be to: a.Determine that the correct swimmer is in your lane; b.Ensure that split times are recorded correctly; c.Report light touches to the Chief Finish Judge; d.Act as Relay-Take-Over Judge if so directed; e.Disqualify swimmers who false start.

89 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 89 Level 1 - Questionnaire 22. When ringing the bell lap, you should: a.Ring the bell as the swimmer approaches / leaves the wall (from backstroke flags to wall and back); b.Ring the bell over the right hand lane rope; c.Ring the bell throughout the last lap of the race; d.Ring the bell after consultation with the Referee/Chief Timekeeper.

90 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 90 Level 1 - Questionnaire 23. The time taken by the Chief Timekeeper should be included for your lane: a.Always b.Only if it is different from the other; c.Whenever there are fewer than three good times for you lane; d.Only if your swimmer won his heat.

91 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 91 Level 1 - Questionnaire 24. The Safety Marshals’ Responsibilities include: a.Being in charge of the deck from the start of the warm-up until the pool is cleared for the start of the meet; b.Monitoring warm-up procedures to ensure that they meet safety rules; c.Ensuring the officials are on deck for the start of the meet; d.Ensuring that no diving takes place until the proper time and in the proper lane(s); e.Ensure swimmers enter the pool in a safe manner; f.Ensuring that only the appropriate equipment is used during warm-up.

92 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 92 Level 1 - Questionnaire 25. The Safety Marshals’ area of responsibility includes: a.The portion of the pool/deck assigned to them by the Referee/Meet Management; b.The change rooms; c.The entire deck during warm-ups.

93 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 93 Level 1 - Questionnaire 26. If the Safety Marshal(s) observe an infraction of the safety rules, they may: a.Inform the swimmer of the breach of the safety rules; b.Remove the swimmer from the warm-up and escort him/her to their coach; c.Remove the swimmer from the meet; d.Inform the Referee of any safety infraction.

94 © Copyright Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association 94 Thank you Approved by the Ontario Swimming Officials’ Association Board


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