2 Agenda Introductions Role of ET Official Certification Process Equipment SetupOperating the ConsolePaperwork – Determining the official timeWorked ExamplesQuestions
3 OSI Officiating Philosophy Fair and equitable conditions of competition are maintained and uniformity in the sport is promoted so that no swimmer has an unfair advantage over anotherStroke & Turn Clinic
4 What does that mean?Success of every meet depends on the official’s integrity, knowledge, concern and regard for the competitive interest of the swimmerOne set of rules applies to all swimmersSwimmers get the benefit of the doubtDemonstrate impartiality and professionalism on deckStroke & Turn Clinic
5 Professionalism on Deck Wear standard uniformTypically white polo over blue shortsLong pants/skirts for championship finalsSometimes khaki instead of blueNo team logos or advertisingWear credentials and name tagBe in position on time. Do not vacate position until replacement in place
6 The ET Official Why? What? No swimmer shall be required to re-swim a race due to equipment failure which results in unrecorded or inaccurate time or place. (USA Swimming Rule D)What?Part of a larger officiating crewOperate electronic timing equipmentDetermine official timeInstruct timers in proper timing procedures
7 Certification Process Register as non-athlete member with USA SwimmingMust pass a background check through USA SwimmingMust attend USA Swimming online Athlete Protection TrainingBegin volunteering at meetsAttend ET Clinic within first 20 hours of trainingAfter 20 hours of training obtain 2 positive recommendations from certified ET’sForward training record and recommendations to ET chair. Await confirmation to take online test.Take and pass on-line open-book test
8 Minimum Training Requirements At least 2 of the first 6 hours must be with a designated ET trainer10 observed hours on timing console10 observed hours on time verificationIntroductory sessionAttend ET Clinic within first 20 hours of training2 sessions at sanctioned 12 & under meetWork at non-home meetSuccessfully complete a heat or lane malfunction calculation (by hand)Work one session with the Hy-Tek operator2 consecutive positive recommendations from 2 different trainers
9 Instruct Timers in Proper Timing Procedures Prior to start of event, instruct timers in proper timing procedures.Start watch at strobe flashStop watch and button when touch is seenTimer operates one watch and one button. No timer can operate both watches or both buttonsRecord times on supplied event sheetHead timer will collect event sheetsRaise hand if you fail to start watch – head timer should have a backupRing bell on long events
10 Set Up Timing Equipment Be familiar with Colorado and Daktronics systemsKnow how to set up and operate the equipmentAllow time before the meet to set up and diagnose problemsHome crew will often set up equipment, but you still need to check it overEnsure starting unit connectedEnsure buttons and pads in place and connected using harness or deck platesPerform test start and then reset for first race
12 Operate Timing Equipment ET Console should start timing when starting unit soundsIf ET console fails to start, start it manuallyEnsure ET console set for correct event and heatCheck for No Shows/Lanes turned on/offMark No Shows on ET head sheetWhen ET unit on deck avoid making console beep just prior to the startCheck for intermediate touches. Add/Delete touches as requiredFinish arm if necessaryStore-Print; Reset; Advance to Next Heat or Next EventFOCUS ON DRIVING THE CONSOLE WHEN TASKED TO DO SO
13 Determining the Official Time Automatic / Semi-Automatic / ManualPrimary / Secondary / Tertiary timesWhat is the official time?
14 Types of Timing Systems AutomaticAutomatic start. Finish on touch padsSemi-AutomaticAutomatic start. Finish on buttonsManualWatches
15 Timing System Designation PrimaryThe most accurate system availableCould be automatic, semi-automatic, or manualNormally automatic PADSSecondaryBackup to primary system. Typically BUTTONSTertiaryAt least one watch should be used as a back up for a automatic or semi-automatic system
16 Determination of Official Time Timing resolution in 100’s, not 1000’s of seconds. Thousands are dropped with no roundingThe time from the correctly operating primary system is the official timeAutomatic: Pad timeSemi-Automatic or ManualMiddle time of 3 buttons/watchesAverage of 2 buttons/watchesTime of single button/watch (not a good idea)The primary timing system is probably operating properly if the secondary or tertiary time confirms by 0.30 seconds or less
17 Colorado vs. Daktronics Average delay ~ 0.15 secondsWatchHuman DelayPadButtonColorado automatically deducts 0.15StartFinish
18 May 2012 Rule Changes – 4CC Primary Timing System Malfunction – A malfunction may have occurred if:(1) The difference between the time obtained by the primary system and the back-up system(s) is approximately .30 second or greater; or(2) The place judge(s) reports a different order of finish; or(3) It is reported the swimmer missed the touchpad or had a soft touch
19 4C Rule Change interpretation It is not practical to wait for order of finish for all heats.Follow the verification process outlined in next few slidesAllow 0.30 second difference to validate pad; however if other information available, such as order of finish, lane timing adjustment printout or watch times indicate that the pad may be wrong, investigate further and determine if it more appropriate to use the pad time or an adjusted backup time.
20 May 2012 Rule Changes – 4D 102.24.4 D Determining Official Time – The clause “may be incorporated into the automatic or semiautomatic system by design or may be” was temporarily removed, but will be back in the 2013 rule book.
21 Time Verification (Colorado) At least one button confirms pad timeYUse pad timeNButtons confirm each other and faster than padYUse button averageNWatch confirms pad timeYUse pad timeNWatches confirm one button time and faster than padYUse button timeNCalculate watch/pad average difference and use adjusted watch averageYWatches confirm each other and faster than padNCollect order of finish and coaches time. Compare with pad/watch/button times. Use best judgment.
22 Time Verification At least one button confirms pad time Y Use pad time Calculate pad-button average difference and use adjusted button averageButtons confirm each other and faster than padYNWatch confirms pad timeYUse pad timeNCalculate pad-button average difference and use adjusted button averageWatches confirm one button time and faster than padYNCalculate pad-watch average difference and use adjusted watch averageYWatches confirm each other and faster than padNCollect order of finish and coaches time. Compare with pad/watch/button times. Use best judgment.
23 Lane Timing Adjustment Button times and watch times need to be adjusted by “timing system difference”Calculate average difference between valid pad and button (or watch) times in that heatHy-Tek can print out lane timing adjustment sheet for buttonsIf less than 3 valid lanes, look at previous and next heats of same stroke
24 Lane Timing Adjustment (2) What if previous, current, and next heats do not provide 3 valid lanes to calculate average?Look at previous two and next two heats of the same strokeIf previous two and next two heats still have less than 3 valid lanes:For Colorado button adjustment, use button time directlyFor Daktronics button adjustment, subtract 0.15For watch adjustment, use watch time directly
25 Heat Malfunction Adjustment If automatic system subject to early or late start, need to adjust ALL timesFor each valid lane (pad validated by button), calculate average WATCH - PAD differenceDiscard any outliers that are more than 0.30 from the normAdjust all automatic and semi-automatic times by average WATCH - PAD difference
26 Documenting Official Time Obtain heat printout from consoleCheck correct race#, event#, heat#Check that times available for all lanes which had swimmersDocument any no-showsDocument any DQ’s (see next slide)Calculate official time. (may need to wait for watch times)Clearly identify official time with check mark and strike out invalid timesAttach timing adjustment sheet if usedInitial paperworkPass paperwork to Hy-Tek when appropriateHy-Tek may send paperwork back if discrepancies
27 Handling DQ Slips Check DQ slip for correctness Swimmer/Team NameEvent/Heat/LaneSigned by refereeIf any discrepancies, send DQ back to refereeStrike out times for swimmerDenote DQ alongside strikeoutAttach DQ slip to back of printout, facing backwards – enables easy review later if requiredConsole operator can advise of potential DQ’s so that paperwork can be held back until DQ’s arriveOften DQ’s arrive after paperwork passed on and has to be recalled
28 Working with Hy-TekAt setup, meet info downloaded from Hy-Tek to consoleHy-Tek downloads meet resultsOften best to pass event paperwork over in one batch. Check for DQ’s before passing on paperwork, although often DQ’s will arrive later anywayKeep console turned on until Hy-Tek confirms that ALL meet info has been downloaded
29 Working with the Referee, Starter, Timers, & Coaches Console operator needs to get console ready for next heat in a timely mannerRequest order of finish if doubt over time validationObtain watch times from timersObtain watch times from coachesIf timing issues are consistently from one lane then watch timers in that lane and talk to them if necessary.Get referee to sign off on any unusual timing circumstances
30 Debugging IssuesOften something will go wrong and the problem needs to be fixed quicklyPad not workingButton not workingPrinter not working