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Mortars – A Swedish Perspective Presented by: BG Per Lodin Deputy Director FMV Joint Systems Command Mr. Ulf Öberg and Mr. Christer Mellgren PM SSG120.

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Presentation on theme: "Mortars – A Swedish Perspective Presented by: BG Per Lodin Deputy Director FMV Joint Systems Command Mr. Ulf Öberg and Mr. Christer Mellgren PM SSG120."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mortars – A Swedish Perspective Presented by: BG Per Lodin Deputy Director FMV Joint Systems Command Mr. Ulf Öberg and Mr. Christer Mellgren PM SSG120 Deputy PM SSG120

2 Swedish Armed Forces Transition

3 YESTERDAY TOMORROW C2 ENGAGEMENT INFORMATION ENGAGEMENT Changing Focus

4 Upgrading Strategy Stealth Mobility Modularity Interoperability Precision IO Reach back NCW C4ISR Vision

5 Possibilities & Risks

6 Operational Context for SSG120 Indirect Fire Support for Manoeuvre Units Stand-alone or as a platoon All are sensors Unit Command Engagement Command New Ammunition – PE and Area Engagement

7 Armoured 120 mm Mortar Programme Key Requirements Net-centric Responsive Indirect & Direct Firepower for National & International Manoeuvre Battalions C3IC3I C3IC3I Engagement

8 Programme Overview

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14 Armoured – rapid response – a Precision Engagement product – built for the future combat environment Indirect Fire Support for Manoeuvre Units All are sensors – Net-centric Warfare Unit Command - Engagement Command New Ammunition – Precision Engagement and Area Engagement

15 Nordic Co-operation in Mortars Government Co-operation   Swedish FMV and Finnish DFMC are active partners   Danish HMAK and Norwegian FLO/Land are observers   Canada have applied for observer status Industrial Co-operation   Finnish Patria Hägglunds OY is the prime contractor.   Patria Weapon Systems and Alvis Hägglunds are sub contractors and do all principal work (also owners of PH) Background and Scope   Task given 1996 to a Joint Nordic working group: ’Study and Develop an armoured mortar system well suited for Nordic conditions.’   Joint Nordic 4-Nation Project Agreement signed October 1999   The agreement outlines co-operation with regards to such issues as commercial, technical, tactical info   Phase 1 of the Project Agreement defines a co- operation until end Phase 2 (under preparation) shall cover all activities related to Full Development until 2007

16 Overall Programme Schedule Phase/Swe FY Studies, Concept and Technical Development, Field Testing Product Definition, Development and Production of Prototypes Production and Deployment Operations and Support Studies C & T Dev Field Testing LRIP Full Rate Production Fielding Prod Def Dev & Proto Operational tests Type Classification

17 Overall Programme Schedule Phase/Swe FY Studies, Concept and Technical Development, Field Testing Product Definition, Development and Production of Prototypes Production and Deployment Operations and Support LRIP Full Rate Production Fielding Prod Def Dev & Proto Operational tests Type Classification Studies C & T Dev Field Testing Test with turret on tracked CV90 Test with turret on combat boat

18 User Requirements

19 Readiness   Indirect firing within 15/30 seconds after receiving target data when stationary/on the move.   Out of action in less than 10 seconds.   Direct firing within 15 seconds after target detection.   Range: threshold 7, objective 10 km   Rapid firing at multiple targets enabled by turret design. User Requirements

20 Firepower   4 rds in less than 5 sec   8 rds in less than 20 sec   12 rds per minute for 3 min   72 rds on board - HE, plus DPICM and/or smart guided AT.   6 rds MRSI.   Compatible with conventional 120 mm mortar ammunition and STRIX. User Requirements

21 C4ISR  The SSG120 shall have both INS and GPS for navigation and laying  Digital/graphical integration of INS/GPS, BMS and FCC.

22 Fulfillment of Requirements User Req.Fulfilments today Note Indirect firing, <15 sec after receiving target data when stationary. Y < 10 s if in firing position. < 30 s if on the move without preparations Indirect firing, <30 sec after receiving target data.NDue to safety restrictions Direct firing,15 seconds after receiving target data.Y< 10 s if in firing position. Range threshold 7 km, objective 10 kmY/N9.1 km (+5°C) Out of action in less than 10 seconds. Y Two different targets (4 rds at each) < 30 sec, azimuth deviation of the targets < 45 degrees and while the target distance deviation shall not be more than 1 km. N Laying and loading system not yet fully developed Readiness

23 Fulfillment of Requirements cont. User Req.Fulfilments today Note 4 rds in less than 5 secN Due to safety restrictions, ammunition & loading system 8 rds in less than 20 secN Due to safety restrictions, ammunition & loading system 12 rds per minute for 3 minN Due to safety restrictions, ammunition & loading system 72 rds - HE, plus DPICM and/or smart guided AT.N SSG120 Test Vehicle turret 2x10, chassimag rds MRSIY Compatible with conventional 120 mm mortar ammunition and STRIX. Y Digital/graphical integration of INS/GPS, BMS and FCC. Y Firepower & C4ISR

24 Current Status of magazines Turret 2x10 rds Automated loading – functioning. Chassis New installed in Dec-02, containing 40 rds Turret 2x10 rds Automated loading – functioning. Chassis New installed in Dec-02, containing 40 rds

25 Current Status of FCS Swedish ballistic kernel Fully integrated GPS aided inertial navigation system Integrated digital data message formats from FO MMI with map display (land version) Swedish ballistic kernel Fully integrated GPS aided inertial navigation system Integrated digital data message formats from FO MMI with map display (land version) Capable of continuous calculation to enable fire on the move/at moving targets MMI with map display (land version) Automated handling of: –MET –Different targets –Up to 4 different fire missions simultaneously (land version) Capable of continuous calculation to enable fire on the move/at moving targets MMI with map display (land version) Automated handling of: –MET –Different targets –Up to 4 different fire missions simultaneously (land version)

26 Current Status of … BMS Stand alone Own MMI Under development in an other programme GPS aid BMS Stand alone Own MMI Under development in an other programme GPS aid Other Equipment Air compressor for loading system and fume extraction Automated laying system Stub Case needed Other Equipment Air compressor for loading system and fume extraction Automated laying system Stub Case needed

27 SSG120 Navy Application Turret on Combat Boat 90 Joint Army/Navy programme to be in full operation from SD&D (PDF) Primary focus of tests is put on: Firing precision and accuracy Fire on the move Tests also focused at subsystem compatibility; FCC, INS+GPS, MMI SSG120 Navy will take full advantage from experience for the Army version Worlds first truly remotely controlled mortar turret Objective also to pave the way for firing on the move with SSG120 Army version

28 Areas of Particular Concern Today's ammunition –Only qualified for transport in original boxes –Not optimised for breech loading and direct fire –Needs a “man in the loop” Fuzes –No inductive setter developed and tested –No inductive setting fuze developed for direct firing Stub case –Logistic tail –System responsibility Today's ammunition –Only qualified for transport in original boxes –Not optimised for breech loading and direct fire –Needs a “man in the loop” Fuzes –No inductive setter developed and tested –No inductive setting fuze developed for direct firing Stub case –Logistic tail –System responsibility

29 Requirements Summary Winter and summer trials successfully conducted by Swedish Army Combat School The SSG120 is fully autonomous and automated The SSG120 can fire on the move at moving targets The SSG120 has a significant development potential Winter and summer trials successfully conducted by Swedish Army Combat School The SSG120 is fully autonomous and automated The SSG120 can fire on the move at moving targets The SSG120 has a significant development potential SSG120 meets TRL7 today TRL: Technology Readiness Level in accordance with US definition

30 Programme Summary SSG120 will be the Indirect & Direct Firepower for National & International Manoeuvre Battalions and Amphibious Task Units SSG120 aims at Net-centric integration SSG120 supports both Precision Engagement and Area Engagement SSG120 is Responsive and Accurate SSG120 is a fully funded programme throughout series production SSG120 has proven exceptional performance and is showing great potential for future development


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