Presentation on theme: "Ms. Kelly 7 th Grade Health. Journal: You have learned about the harmful chemicals in cigarette smoke and discussed other products these chemicals are."— Presentation transcript:
Ms. Kelly 7 th Grade Health
Journal: You have learned about the harmful chemicals in cigarette smoke and discussed other products these chemicals are found in. These chemicals have harmful effects on the respiratory system, as well as other body systems. Despite having this knowledge, approximately 4000 teens will start smoking their first cigarette today. People say knowledge = power, but this does not always appear to be the case. Why do you think this is? What factors influence adolescents to make poor decisions regarding tobacco use?
Journal: Respond: Did the video we watched last class have an impact on you? Why or why not? Which specific scenes or information (if any) were most influential? Why?
Primary Function To supply the blood with oxygen in order for the blood to deliver oxygen to all parts of the body. (This is done through breathing.)
Breathing In and Out Inspiration: “Breathing in” or inhaling Expiration: “Breathing out” or exhaling Oxygen: what we breathe in during inspiration All of the cells in our body need this to live It is the fuel that makes all body processes run Carbon dioxide: what we breathe out during expiration The waste product in our bodies
Parts of the Body Involved Nose Throat Voice box Windpipe Lungs
Nose Organ used during inhalation and exhalation Cilia helps trap and filter out dust and other particles that enter during inspiration
Mouth With nose, warms and humidifies air entering the lungs through inspiration.
Pharynx AKA “The Throat “ Carries both food and air
Esophagus Passageway for food
Epiglottis A small flap of tissue that covers the air passage when we swallow Keeps food and liquid from going into lungs
Larynx AKA “The Voice Box” Uppermost part of the air-only passage Contains vocal cords, which vibrate to produce sound
Trachea AKA “The Windpipe” Extends downward from base of larynx Held open by “C” rings of cartilage for easy air-flow
Bronchi Branches off of the trachea into the lungs
Bronchioles Smaller branches off of the bronchi Contain alveoli (air sacs)
Alveoli Where the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide actually takes place Each lung houses about 300 to 400 million alveoli!!
PLACE THE FOLLOWING IN THE ORDER THAT A MOLECULE OF OXYGEN TRAVELS (FROM THE OUT-IN) BRONCHI ALVEOLI NOSE LARYNX PHARYNX MOUTH BRONCHIOLES TRACHEA
Ribs Protect the lungs and much of the respiratory tract
Diaphragm Muscle that separates chest from abdomen Helps regulate breathing by moving up and down
When we breathe IN Diaphragm moves downward toward the abdomen Rib muscles pull the ribs upward and outward, enlarging the chest cavity and pulling air in through the nose or mouth
When we breathe OUT Diaphragm moves upward Chest cavity to get smaller and pushes the gases in the lungs up and out of the nose and mouth.
Pathway of Oxygen
nose mouth larynx pharynx lung trachea R. bronchus L. bronchus bronchiole alveoli diaphragm