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The Respiratory System. Purpose of the respiratory system To provide a constant supply of oxygen to keep your body cells functioning To remove carbon.

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Presentation on theme: "The Respiratory System. Purpose of the respiratory system To provide a constant supply of oxygen to keep your body cells functioning To remove carbon."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Respiratory System

2 Purpose of the respiratory system To provide a constant supply of oxygen to keep your body cells functioning To remove carbon dioxide from the body cells

3 Organs of the respiratory system Nose / mouth Nasal cavity Pharynx Epiglottis Larynx Trachea Bronchus (bronchi) Bronchioles Alveoli Pleura Diaphragm Lungs

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5 Mouth & Nose Brings air into the body Nasal hairs in nostrils trap dust

6 Nasal cavity Warms & moistens air Glands that produce sticky mucus line the nasal cavity –traps dust, pollen, and other materials that were not trapped by nasal hairs –cilia sweep mucus and trapped material to the back of the throat where it can be swallowed

7 Pharynx Tube-like passageway used by food, liquid, and air At the lower end of the pharynx is a flap of tissue called the epiglottis –covers the trachea during swallowing so that food does not enter the lungs

8 Larynx “Voice box” The airway to which two pairs of horizontal folds of tissue, called vocal cords, are attached

9 Trachea Air-conducting tube Connects the larynx with the bronchi Lined with mucous membranes and cilia Contains strong cartilage rings

10 Bronchi Two short tubes that branch off the lower end of the trachea Carry air into the lungs. Singular - bronchus

11 Bronchioles Tiny branches of air tubes in the lungs Connect bronchi to alveoli

12 Alveoli Tiny, thin-walled, grapelike clusters at the end of each bronchiole Surrounded by capillaries Where carbon dioxide and oxygen exchange take place Singular - alveolus

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15 Pleura Membrane lining the lungs and chest cavity

16 Diaphragm Muscle wall between the chest and the abdomen that the body uses for breathing

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18 Relationship to digestive system Cellular respiration requires glucose and oxygen to release energy to the body C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2  6CO H 2 O + Energy Oxygen is provided by the respiratory system Glucose is provided by the digestive system (glucose is made during photosynthesis)


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