5Angus Origin: Aberdeen and Angus, Scotland Imported to US: 1873 Color: Black w/ smooth hairPolled: YesDesirable Qualities:Small frame that produces a desirable carcass of high quality, well-marbled meat.Marble= fat within the meat tissue that provides taste, juiciness, and tendernessKnown as an alert and vigorous breed.
7Hereford Origin: England Color: Red body, White face and belly Face has curly hairPolled: NoDesirable Qualities:Docile and easy handlingSuperior foraging ability, vigor and hardinessProduces more calves under adverse conditions than other breeds
9Polled HerefordPolled Herefords represent the development of an idea - an idea spawned in the minds of a small number of Midwestern Hereford breeders in the late 1890s who realized that it was both possible and practical to develop "modern Herefords minus horns." These breeders were motivated by the promising prospect of developing Herefords with outstanding beef-producing characteristics, but with the added desirable trait of being naturally hornless. They planted the seed from which grew a new giant in the American and world beef cattle industryPolled Herefords were developed from the horned Hereford breed which was founded in the mid-18th century by the farmers of Hereford County, England.They have red bodies with white faces except for the polled trait.They are known for their foraging ability, vigor, hardiness, and quiet dispositions.
12Shorthorn Origin: Durham and York England (Northeast Coast Color: Red, RoanPolled: YesDesirable Qualities:Desirable carcassGood Milk Producers
13Charolais Origin: France Imported to US: 1936 to King Ranch in Texas Color: White to light straw with pink skinPolled: YesDesirable Qualities:Hard, heavy muscling, particularly in the round and loinHigh feed efficiencyLarge frame animal
15Limousin Origin: West Central France about 7000 years ago. Imported to US:1968Color: light yellow hair with lighter circles around the eyes and muzzlePolled: noDesirable Qualities: Short broad head with small neck. Carcass leanness and large loin
17Maine Anjou Origin: France in 1840 Imported to US: 1970 Color: Dark red and white and roanPolled: noDesirable Qualities: Work animal, Excellent beef producers, Docile, easy to handle, Fast growth weight, well marbled
19Beefmaster Origin: Texas in 1931 Imported to US: 1931 Color: Reds and dunPolled: HornedDesirable Qualities: Cross between Hereford, Shorthorn, Brahman. Good disposition, fertility, gain, conformation, hardiness, and milk production
21Brahman Origin: India and British Colonies Imported to US: Conflicting Reports (1849)Color: Light gray or red to almost blackPolled: HornedDesirable Qualities: Hardiness, climate, early maturity, High heat tolerance, resistant to disease and insects, good mothers, forage on poor range, gain rapidly, quality carcass, Unpredictable disposition.
30Simmental Origin: western Switzerland Imported to US: Reported as early as 1887, no influence until 1960’sColor: red and white animalsPolled: HornedDesirable Qualities:rapid growth development;outstanding production of milk, butter, and cheese;and for their use as draft animals.
37Gelbvieh (Gelp-fee)Gelbvieh originated in Bavaria, in southern Germany.It is believed to have been developed in the late 18th and early 19th century from self-colored Bernese and Swiss Brown cattle used on the local red or red spotted cattle. Like most European breeds the Gelbvieh was originally selected for meat, milk and work.The breed was introduced into the United States by Carnation Genetics through the importations of semen from Germany, starting in July of 1971.The breed is red in color, with strong skin pigmentation, and horned. Polled cattle have developed in the United States from the use of naturally hornless foundation females. Proponents of the breed claim the breed has superior fertility, calving ease, mothering ability, and growth rate of the calves.