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Strong Rulers Unite China. Do Now U2D18  Do Now: Complete the “Philosophy and Religion in China” chart and questions  HW: Study for your Unit 2 Exam.

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Presentation on theme: "Strong Rulers Unite China. Do Now U2D18  Do Now: Complete the “Philosophy and Religion in China” chart and questions  HW: Study for your Unit 2 Exam."— Presentation transcript:

1 Strong Rulers Unite China

2 Do Now U2D18  Do Now: Complete the “Philosophy and Religion in China” chart and questions  HW: Study for your Unit 2 Exam on Monday. (Review Sheet will be posted on the course website today)

3 A Basic definition  Feudalism: loosely organized system of government in which local lords governed their own lands but owed military service and other support to a greater king (Think kings with lords controlling land in the countryside)

4 Qin Dynasty BCE The story of the Qin Dynasty in China is one of harsh rule and ruthless social policy

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6 Setting the scene  In China, in 221 BCE, a man named Zheng conquered the Zhou Dynasty  “…cracking his long whip, he drove the universe before him, swallowing up the eastern and western Zhou and overthrowing the feudal lords…”

7 Shi Huangdi

8 Zheng becomes Shi Huangdi  In 221 BCE, Zheng proclaims himself Shi Huangdi, “First Emperor”  Methods were brutal, but he ushered in China’s classical age  Historians call this classical because it set patterns in government, philosophy, religion, science, and the arts that served as the framework for later cultures in China

9 Shi Huangdi and Chinese Unity  Determined to end divisions that splintered the Zhou Dynasty  After conquering warring states, he employed Legalist advisors to create harsh rule in China  Emperor Shi Huangdi abolished feudalism  Replaced feudalism with 36 Military Districts and appointed local officials to report back to him  Sent spies to monitor the local officials  Required all noble families to live in the capital of Xianyang  Peasants received nobles land, but had to pay high taxes on the land

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12 Question!  What is the benefit of having all the noble families move to the capital city with Shi Huangdi?

13 Unity continues  Shi Huangdi…  Standardized weights and measures  Created a standard currency with Qin coins  Created uniform Chinese writing  Workers repaired roads and canals for trade  Required cart axles to be the same width so that wheels could run in the same ruts on Chinese roads

14 Scales and standard currency

15 Crackdown on dissent  Shi Huangdi moved harshly against critics  Jailed, tortured, killed many who opposed his rule  Hardest hit were feudal lords and Confucian scholars who hated his law  Approved book burning of all philosophy books and all works of literature  Only books about medicine and agriculture were spared

16 Shi Huangdi’s most famous achievement  The Great Wall of China  In the past, feudal states had built walls for protection  Shi Huangdi ordered the feudal lord walls destroyed  New walls were to be built and connected  Hundreds of thousands of laborers worked on the wall  Estimated 500,000 people died building the wall  Wall is over 25 feet in many parts  Shi Huangdi wanted a wall that would unite China and move it from the “warring states” period

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19 Collapse of the Qin Dynasty  Shi Huangdi thought his empire would last forever  Died in 210 BCE  Anger over heavy taxes and harsh policies caused revolts to explode all over China  An illiterate peasant leader, LIU BANG, defeated rival armies and created the HAN DYNASTY  Like others, Liu Bang claimed to have the MANDATE OF HEAVEN


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