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INCREASING STUDENT SUCCESS & REDUCING COST: The Case for Course Redesign.

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Presentation on theme: "INCREASING STUDENT SUCCESS & REDUCING COST: The Case for Course Redesign."— Presentation transcript:

1 INCREASING STUDENT SUCCESS & REDUCING COST: The Case for Course Redesign

2 TODAY’S DISCUSSION  Overview of the Methodology and Findings of the Successful Redesign Projects  Examples from Successful Institutions  Readiness for Course Redesign

3 Established in 1999 as a university Center at RPI funded by the Pew Charitable Trusts Became an independent non-profit organization in 2003 Mission: help colleges and universities learn how to use technology to improve student learning outcomes and reduce their instructional costs

4 TRADITIONAL INSTRUCTION Seminars Lectures

5 “BOLT-ON” INSTRUCTION

6 WHAT’S WRONG WITH THE LECTURE? Treats all students as if they are the same Ineffective in engaging students Inadequate individual assistance Poor attendance and success rates Students fail to retain learning

7 WHAT’S WRONG WITH MULTIPLE SECTIONS? In theory: greater interaction In practice: large class size In practice: dominated by the same presentation techniques Lack of coordination Inconsistent outcomes

8 WHAT DOES NCAT MEAN BY COURSE REDESIGN? Course redesign is the process of redesigning whole courses (rather than individual classes or sections) to achieve better learning outcomes at a lower cost by taking advantage of the capabilities of information technology.

9 PROGRAM IN COURSE REDESIGN To encourage colleges and universities to redesign their approaches to instruction using technology to achieve cost savings as well as quality enhancements. 50,000 students 30 projects

10 SUMMARY OF RESULTS 25 of the original 30 showed improvement; 5 showed equal learning 24 measured retention; 18 showed improvement All 30 showed cost reduction Results in subsequent national and state and system programs have continued to show comparable results

11 TAKING COURSE REDESIGN TO SCALE The Roadmap to Redesign (R2R) 2003 – 2006 (20 institutions) Colleagues Committed to Redesign (C2R) (60 institutions) Programs with Systems and States 2006 – present (~80 institutions) The Redesign Alliance 2006 – present (70+ institutions) Changing the Equation 2009 – 2012 (38 institutions)

12 QUANTITATIVE Mathematics – Developmental Math – Pre-calculus Math – College Algebra – Discrete Math – Introductory Algebra – Elementary Algebra – Beginning Algebra – Intermediate Algebra – Linear Algebra Statistics – Business Statistics – Introductory Statistics – Elementary Statistics – Economic Statistics Computing – Computer Programming – Information Technology Concepts – Computer Literacy – Information Literacy – Tools for the Information Age

13 SCIENCE – Anatomy and Physiology – Astronomy – Biology – Ethnobotany – Chemistry – Geology SOCIAL SCIENCE – American Government – Macro and Microeconomics – Psychology – Sociology – Urban Affairs

14 HUMANITIES – Developmental Reading – Developmental Writing – English Composition – Communication Studies – Understanding the Visual and Performing Arts – History of Western Civilization – Great Ideas in Western Music – Spanish – World Literature – British Literature – Women and Gender Studies PROFESSIONAL – Elementary Education – Education: The Curriculum – Engineering – Organizational Behavior – Public Speaking – Accounting – Nursing – Nutrition

15 NCAT METHODOLOGY: Relevance and Utility Discipline: math & literature Age: traditional & working adults Institution: small & large Location: on-campus & at a distance Redesign: current & new courses Level: introductory & advanced

16 WHY REDESIGN? Have a high impact! Consider High drop-failure-withdrawal rates Student performance in subsequent courses Students on waiting lists Student complaints Other departmental complaints Lack of consistency in multiple sections Difficulty finding qualified adjuncts

17 WHAT DO THE FACULTY SAY? “It’s the best experience I’ve ever had in a classroom.” “The quality of my worklife has changed immeasurably for the better.” “It’s a lot of work during the transition--but it’s worth it.”

18 REDESIGN MODELS Supplemental – Add to the current structure and/or change the content Replacement – Blend face-to-face with online activities Emporium – Move all classes to a lab setting Fully online – Conduct all (most) learning activities online Buffet – Mix and match according to student preferences Linked Workshop – JIT workshops linked to a college level course

19 REDESIGN CHARACTERISTICS Redesign the whole course—not just a single class Emphasize active learning—greater student engagement with the material and with one another Rely heavily on readily available interactive software—used independently and in teams Mastery learning—not self-paced Increase on-demand, individualized assistance Automate only those course components that can benefit from automation—e.g., homework, quizzes, exams Replace single mode instruction with differentiated personnel strategies Technology enables good pedagogy with large #s of students.

20 GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Chattanooga Community College Course Structure: – total enrollment ~1500 per year – 7 sections - main campus (~100 students/section) – 3 sections - satellite campuses (~40-50 students/section) – 5 online sections (30-40 students per section) – each section meets 2 hours/week w/2 1-hour help session/week Uniform learning objectives and student learning outcomes across all sections Student Buffet – students can attend class or use online approach as they need – changing as often as they need to Improved student learning – pre and post test data

21 GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Chattanooga Community College – Buffet Model provides flexible scheduling – Eliminate drop/add confusion - students can enroll in any open section and attend any section with a seat as many times as they wish “Now, I know. I need the lecture.” – can begin attending any or all lectures “Job change. Can’t come to class.” or “My baby is due next week.” - not a problem just complete everything online without benefit of lecture “Wow, if I’m sick one day or my car breaks down, I can take the exam on one of the other days it is offered.”

22 GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY Chattanooga Community College Streamlined management - eliminating replication of work – set of modularized course components that map to desired learning outcomes (one site – one syllabus – one set of materials developed collaboratively) – mass ing and replication of course calendar: most weeks students receive an informative --“ How are you doing?”, Office Hours, Due Date Reminders, Study Tips, “Where are you?”, … Increased office time for other course development or research Attention to students’ diverse learning styles Less dependence on adjunct faculty instructors Decreased demand upon classroom space

23 WOMEN’S STUDIES Arizona State University 2 courses – one lower division, one upper division Enrollment ~2400 students annually Issues: diverse student body, increasing enrollment, no higher order thinking Replace 1 lecture with online small discussion groups monitored by UGAs and GTAs and use of low stakes quizzes Outcomes – higher grades on common finals, decreased # of course grades of D increased class size from to 400 and reducing the number of sections from 9 to 4.

24 INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY Northern Arizona University Large (2,000/year) foundational, survey-style class, meeting 3x per week for lecture Redesign includes – Large team-taught F2F section with 400 students/section (back to back for 800 student per semester) – SRS for required attendance, in-class assessment – Early intervention system; team approach for GTAs – Web assignments and required, repeatable online quizzes Learning: Mean performance in redesign went from 31.2% (pre-test) to 40.2% (post-test), or.72 of 1 SD. Cost savings: sections 11 to 8 in one year

25 FACULTY BENEFITS Increased opportunity to work directly with students who need help Reduced grading Technology does the tracking and monitoring More practice and interaction for students without faculty effort Ability to try different approaches to meet different student needs Opportunity for continuous improvement of materials and approaches

26 A STREAMLINED REDESIGN METHODOLOGY “A Menu of Redesign Options” Six Models for Course Redesign Five Principles of Successful Course Redesign Cost Reduction Strategies Course Planning Tool Course Structure Form Five Models for Assessing Student Learning Five Critical Implementation Issues Planning Checklist

27 How do these examples relate to GETTING STARTED?

28 READINESS CRITERIA What does it mean to be “ready” to do a major course redesign? Is your institution ready? Which courses are “ready”—i.e., are good candidates for a comprehensive redesign?

29 READINESS? 1. Institutional willingness to change 2. Departmental willingness to change 3. Availability of needed facilities and technology 4. Faculty readiness to use technology-mediated materials and pedagogies 5. Student willingness and readiness to use technology-mediated materials and pedagogies 6. Faculty willingness to implement the redesigned course consistently and collaboratively

30 WHY INSTITUTIONAL TEAMS? Faculty experts Administrators Technology professionals Assessment experts

31 INCREASING STUDENT SUCCESS & REDUCING COST: The Case for Course Redesign Carolyn Jarmon, Ph.D.

32 -

33 READINESS? 1. Institutional willingness to change 2. Departmental willingness to change 3. Availability of needed facilities and technology 4. Faculty readiness to use technology-mediated materials and pedagogies 5. Student willingness and readiness to use technology-mediated materials and pedagogies 6. Faculty willingness to implement the redesigned course consistently and collaboratively

34 GROUP ASSIGNMENTS A – Criterion #1 B – Criterion #2 C – Criterion #3 D – Criterion #4 E – Criterion #5 F – Criterion #6

35 ASSIGNMENT For the Readiness Criterion assigned to your group: – What are the obstacles to meeting this criteria? – What issues do you need to consider? – What evidence would help you overcome the obstacles? – What information do you need to gather? – What process, if any, might help overcome the obstacles? Choose one person to report back.

36 QUESTIONS?


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