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You may wonder… Why are the continents moving?. Seafloor Spreading The oceans are widening along the mid- ocean ridges.

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Presentation on theme: "You may wonder… Why are the continents moving?. Seafloor Spreading The oceans are widening along the mid- ocean ridges."— Presentation transcript:

1 You may wonder… Why are the continents moving?

2 Seafloor Spreading The oceans are widening along the mid- ocean ridges.

3 Volcanoes located along ocean ridges erupt, creating new ocean floor.

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7 Plates —continental crust, oceanic crust Features —faults, trenches, mid-ocean ridges, folded mountains, hot spots, volcanoes Related actions —earthquakes, volcanic activity, seafloor spreading, mountain building, convection in mantle. Key concepts

8 What are the plates made of? Ocean plates are made of basalt. Continental plates are made of granite.

9 Divergent Plate Boundaries Two land or ocean plates move apart in opposite directions. Magma flows to the surface between them creating new crust.

10 Mid-Atlantic Ridge = Divergent Boundary

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12 Iceland – a continent directly over the Mid-Atlantic Ridge

13 Subduction Zones An ocean plate and a continental plate hit head-on. The ocean plate subducts under the continent forming a trench. The subducting plate melts. Magma rises to the surface creating a string of volcanic mountains parallel to the shoreline.

14 Sierra Nevada Mountains Subduction zones form chains of volcanic mountains along the shoreline.

15 Andes Mountains Subduction zones form chains of volcanic mountains along the shoreline.

16 Island Arcs Two ocean plates hit head-on. One ocean plate is forced to subduct under the other forming an ocean trench. The subducting plate melts. Magma rises to the surface forming a string of volcanic islands parallel to the trench.

17 The Aleutian Islands

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19 Ocean Trenches

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