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Theory of Plate Tectonics Plate Tectonics Plate Boundaries Causes of Plate Tectonics
What is Plate Tectonics The Earths crust and upper mantle are broken into sections called plates Plates move around on top of the mantle like rafts
What is the Lithosphere? The crust and part of the upper mantle = lithosphere –100 km thick –Less dense than the material below it so it floats
What is the Asthenoshere? The plastic layer below the lithosphere = asthenosphere The plates of the lithosphere float on the asthenosphere
2 Types of Plates Ocean plates - plates below the oceans Continental plates - plates below the continents
Questions... What is the theory of plate tectonics? What is the lithosphere? What is the asthenosphere? What is the connection between the two? What are the two types of plates?
Divergent Boundaries Boundary between two plates that are moving apart or rifting RIFTING causes SEAFLOOR SPREADING
Features of Divergent Boundaries Mid-ocean ridges rift valleys fissure volcanoes
Convergent Boundaries Boundaries between two plates that are colliding There are 3 types…
Type 1 Ocean plate colliding with a less dense continental plate Subduction Zone: where the less dense plate slides under the more dense plate VOLCANOES occur at subduction zones
Andes Mountains, South America
Type 2 Ocean plate colliding with another ocean plate The less dense plate slides under the more dense plate creating a subduction zone called a TRENCH
Aleutian Islands, Alaska
Type 3 A continental plate colliding with another continental plate Have Collision Zones: –a place where folded and thrust faulted mountains form.
Transform Fault Boundaries Boundary between two plates that are sliding past each other EARTHQUAKES along faults
San Andreas Fault, CA
Questions... What are the three types of boundaries? What direction do plates go for each? Which boundary has a subduction zone…what occurs at a subduction zone?
Causes of Plate Tectonics
Convection Currents Hot magma in the Earth moves toward the surface, cools, then sinks again. Creates convection currents beneath the plates that cause the plates to move.
Questions... What causes plates to move? How is a convection current formed?
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