Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Triple AllianceTriple Alliance Triple EntenteTriple Entente MilitarismMilitarism Trench warfareTrench warfare Total warTotal war PropagandaPropaganda.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Triple AllianceTriple Alliance Triple EntenteTriple Entente MilitarismMilitarism Trench warfareTrench warfare Total warTotal war PropagandaPropaganda."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Triple AllianceTriple Alliance Triple EntenteTriple Entente MilitarismMilitarism Trench warfareTrench warfare Total warTotal war PropagandaPropaganda Triple AllianceTriple Alliance Triple EntenteTriple Entente MilitarismMilitarism Trench warfareTrench warfare Total warTotal war PropagandaPropaganda

3 Did they call it World War I?

4 The Onset of WWI European nations are ready to rumble, a.Militarism b.Alliances c.Nationalism d.Imperialism e.Assassination when the Crisis in the Balkans a.Serbian Nationalist (terrorist) group Black Hand b.Assassinate Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo triggers an alliance system and leads to war. a.Triple Entente- France, United Kingdom, Russia (AP) b.Triple Alliance- Austria-Hungary, Italy, Germany (CP) c.Become Allied Powers vs. Central Powers when war begins

5 Causes of World War ICauses of World War I - MANIAMANIA ilitarism ilitarism – policy of building up strong military forces to prepare for war llianceslliances - agreements between nations to aid and protect one another ationalismationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s country mperialism mperialism – when one country takes over another country economically and politically ssassinationssassination – murder of Austrian Archduke Franz Ferdinand MANIA

6 Increase in Defense Expenditures France10% Britain13% Russia39% Germany73% Causes of World War I - Militarism £s Total Defense Expenditures for the Great Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, France, Britain, Russia) in millions of £s (British pounds)

7 Triple Entente: Triple Alliance: Germany Austria-Hungary Italy Great Britain France Russia Causes of World War I - Alliances Tension

8 Pan-Slavism - movement to unify all of the Slavic people Causes of World War I - Nationalism

9 Pan-Germanism - movement to unify the people of all German speaking countries AustriaAustria * Belgium Denmark Iceland GermanyGermany * LiechtensteinLiechtenstein * Luxembourg Netherlands Norway Sweden SwitzerlandSwitzerland * United Kingdom * = German speaking country Germanic Countries Causes of World War I - Nationalism

10 Imperialism: European conquest of Africa and Asia

11 Causes of World War I - Imperialism

12

13 Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie Sarajevo, Bosnia - June 28 th, Causes of World War I - Assassination

14

15 The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Austria blamed Serbia for Franz Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia. Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary. · example of Pan-German nationalism Russia pledged their support for Serbia. · example of Pan-Slavic nationalism

16 The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Germany declares war on Russia. France pledges their support for Russia. Germany declares war on France. Germany invades Belgium on the way to France. Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany.

17 World War I Allied Powers: Central Powers: Great Britain France Russia Italy Germany Austria-Hungary

18 checkpoint

19 Do Now What IS Trench Warfare? Trench warfare is a form of occupied fighting lines, consisting largely of trenches, in which troops are largely immune to the enemy's small arms fire and are substantially sheltered from artillery.

20 The Onset of WWI European nations are ready to rumble, a.Militarism b.Alliances c.Nationalism d.Imperialism e.Assassination when the Crisis in the Balkans a.Serbian Nationalist (terrorist) group Black Hand b.Assassinate Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo triggers an alliance system and leads to war. a.Triple Entente- France, United Kingdom, Russia (AP) b.Triple Alliance- Austria-Hungary, Italy, Germany (CP) c.These become Allied Powers vs. Central Powers when war begins

21

22 British Trench Diagrams Taken from the British reference manual on Trench Warfare, British Trench Warfare The manual was originally prepared by the General Staff at the British War Office Trench Warfare

23 Trenches along the Western Front

24 German trenches

25 US 18th Infantry, 1st Division troops in front line trench, 20 Jan 1918

26 Mobilized Dead Wounded Missing/PoW Russia 12,000,000 1,700,000 4,950,000 2,500,000 Germany 11,000,000 1,773,700 4,216,058 1,152,800 Great Britain 8,904, ,371 2,090, ,652 France 8,410,000 1,375,800 3,266, ,000 Austria-Hungary 7,800,000 1,200,000 3,620,000 2,200,000 Italy 5,615, , , ,000 US 4,355, , ,300 4,526 Turkey 2,850, , , ,000 Bulgaria 1,200,000 87, ,390 27,029 Japan 800, Romania 750, , ,000 80,000 Serbia 707,343 45, , ,958 Belgium 267,000 13,716 44,686 34,659 Greece 230,000 5,000 21,000 1,000 Portugal 100,000 7,222 13,751 12,318 Montenegro 50,000 3,000 10,000 7,000 WWI By The Numbers

27 The Illusion of a quick war fades a.Schlieffen Plan b.Western Front (mostly in France) - Stalemate leads to trench warfare c.Eastern Front (along German/Austria-Hungary and Russian boarders) - Central Powers drive Russia from the War when the true nature of this war a.New weapons b.Trench warfare c.Total war (everyone contributes to the war effort) reveals a prolonged global struggle a.Tries to break the stalemate- ie… Gallipoli b US enters on the allies side a.German sink Lusitania b.Zimmermann Note- German note to Mexico The Great War = Total War

28 Don’t wake a sleeping giant… ‘The Lusitania’

29 Consider… propagandaWhat is propaganda? And – how can a nation use it during wartime?

30 How do you convince an entire country that every citizen’s actions has an impact on the war effort? Propaganda- To influence one’s opinions or beliefs through the use of media (posters, speeches, videos, newspapers, etc.) “advertising for a cause”

31 Propaganda Which poster provoked the strongest response? Why? How were illustrations, colors, symbols and words used to communicate the intended message? Were the posters effective? Why or why not?

32 Increased Government power leads to –Huge demand for war materials- guns, bullets, etc… Planned economy –Huge demand for men Conscription- DRAFT manipulation of public opinion and –Propaganda –Efforts to eliminate dissent Changing roles for women. –filled factory jobs (temporary) –Many countries granted women’s suffrage Total War: Fighting on the homefront

33 The Zimmermann Note Telegram sent from German foreign secretary Arthur Zimmermann asking Mexico to engage in war with U.S. "We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The settlement in detail is left to you. You will inform the President of the above most secretly as soon as the outbreak of war with the United States of America is certain and add the suggestion that he should, on his own initiative, invite Japan to immediate adherence and at the same time mediate between Japan and ourselves. Please call the President's attention to the fact that the ruthless employment of our submarines now offers the prospect of compelling England in a few months to make peace." Signed, ZIMMERMANN

34 Increased Government power leads to –Huge demand for war materials- guns, bullets, etc… Planned economy –Huge demand for men Conscription- DRAFT manipulation of public opinion and –Propaganda –Efforts to eliminate dissent Changing roles for women. –filled factory jobs (temporary) –Many countries granted women’s suffrage Total War: Fighting on the homefront

35 Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points were first outlined in a speech Wilson gave to the American Congress in January Wilson's Fourteen Points became the basis for a peace program and it was on the back of the Fourteen Points that Germany and her allies agreed to an armistice in November 1918.

36 1. No more secret agreements ("Open covenants openly arrived at"). 2. Free navigation of all seas. 3. An end to all economic barriers between countries. 4. Countries to reduce weapon numbers. 5. All decisions regarding the colonies should be impartial 6. The German Army is to be removed from Russia. Russia should be left to develop her own political set-up. 7. Belgium should be independent like before the war. 8. France should be fully liberated and allowed to recover Alsace-Lorraine 9. All Italians are to be allowed to live in Italy. Italy's borders are to "along clearly recognizable lines of nationality." 10. Self-determination should be allowed for all those living in Austria-Hungary. 11. Self-determination and guarantees of independence should be allowed for the Balkan states. 12. The Turkish people should be governed by the Turkish government. Non-Turks in the old Turkish Empire should govern themselves. 13. An independent Poland should be created which should have access to the sea. 14. A League of Nations should be set up to guarantee the political and territorial independence of all states. Wilson’s 14 Points

37 Wilson’s Points/Treaty of Versailles What of Wilson’s ideas were actually put into the Treaty of Versailles? What shows up in the Treaty that was NOT part of Wilson’s plan? Woodrow Wilson's speech in Congress, January 8, 1918

38 Entry of the US… –Initially the US is neutral –“Lusitania” Going to England filled with passengers (+100 Americans) –Zimmerman Note= Germany to Mexico ends the War –Final German Offensive (2 nd Battle of the Marne) –Armistice (cease fire- “eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month”) And leads to “peace” at Versailles. –Woodrow Wilson’s 14 points proposed –The reality is reparations- Germany must pay –The Treaty of Versailles The Big Four The End of the War


Download ppt "Triple AllianceTriple Alliance Triple EntenteTriple Entente MilitarismMilitarism Trench warfareTrench warfare Total warTotal war PropagandaPropaganda."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google