Baroque Era Ch 11, 12, 13 Johann Sebastian Bach Baroque Suite Chorale Chorale Prelude Cantata
Johann Sebastian Bach zChurch Musician yWrite music for services yPlay organ yTeach choirs yTeach soloists yConduct orchestra, choirs zCourt Musician yWrote music for entertainment yWrote commissioned pieces zSchool teacher zOrgan teacher zOrgan construction consultant zComposer—sacred & secular music zHusband/father Don’t write this down!
Bach’s Music zExtremely large output zFinest quality zGreat variety of genres ykeyboard music (organ, harpsichord) yconcertos ysonatas ymotets ycantatas yeven a Mass! yorchestral suites yNO OPERA Don’t write this down!
Baroque Suite zContrasting dance-inspired mvts (C) for listening, not dancing zAll mvts in same key (U) zMvt. 1 = serious French Overture (C) (strange way to open)
Overview zBach zOrchestral Suite No. 3 in D Major, Bourrée zDance Suite Movement zI= yDriving, exuberant rhythm yAABB form yCareful control of timbre Helps: Connect Kamien Connect Kamien Kamien Text Listening Guide
Chorale zHymn for congregational singing yeasy to sing yeasy to remember zHomophonic zin German zStrophic Helps: Connect Kamien Connect Kamien Kamien Text Listening Guide
Chorale Prelude zPlayed on organ zUses: yas introduction to congregation’s singing of chorale yas prelude music before service (of course!) zA chorale “decorated,” i.e., woven into a more elaborate piece
Think about it… Furniture, machines, architectural components, musical instruments (e.g., pipe organ)—all highly decorated, become beautiful works of visual art as well as useful devices… Shrubbery is pruned into visually interesting, exotic shapes (topiary)… A simple chorale for congregational singing is woven into an elaborate, more complex, and lengthier piece of music… See a pattern here?
Cantata zmulti-movement, lengthy zchorus, soloists, orchestra, organ zmost sacred, some secular Large-scale work Usefulness in worship VIMP zin German zusually based on Sunday’s scripture zmany based on familiar chorales
Wachet auf chorale melody Zi - on hört die Wäch-ter sing - en
sin------ hört die Wäch-ter gen----- on Zi - Tenors sing simple chorale melody Wachet auf, Mvt 4 combines 2 highly contrasting ideas: faster R & angular gestures Orchestra plays complex “decoration” slower R & smooth arched phrases
Wachet auf, Mvt 4 Name the elements or events that create UNITY. Name the elements or events that create CONTRAST. Form: This movement’s structure is similar to ritornello form. How does it differ from the Brandenburg ritornello form? Decor = musical “decoration” (see previous slide) Decor Chorale Decor Helps: Connect Kamien Connect Kamien Kamien Text Listening Guide Decor Chorale Decor Chorale Decor Chorale