Presentation on theme: "Exam 1 Study Guide Elements Baroque Review Questions OVerview Check"— Presentation transcript:
1 Exam 1 Study Guide Elements Baroque Review Questions OVerview Check Genre CheckExam 1 format & procedureNote that this study guide might be revised up until one week before the exam.
2 Elements ReviewTerm banks appear in Part I: Ch 1, 2 Part I: Ch 5, 6, 7 Part III: Ch 3, 10 Know definitions and sounds that terms create (e.g., “pizzicato”, a plucked string, creates a sound quite unlike that of a bowed string. Terms are on next slide. Know sounds of all producers listed on the next slide.
3 Chapter 2: Performing Media Know all of the following by sight and sound. Voices soprano alto tenor bassKeyboard piano harpsichord organElectronic synthesizerStrings violin viola cello bass harp Woodwinds recorder flute oboe clarinet saxophone bassoonBrass trumpet horn trombone tuba Percussion timpani xylophone snare drumTermsmutepizzicatoreedmouthpiecevibratoVery important helps: Connect Kamien McGraw-Hill web site YouTube Gems
4 Elements Review Name the dynamic levels we will use this semester. What is a melodic contour?What is a theme?Harmony: Generally, ________ resolves to ________.Explain the most basic differences between monophony, polyphony, and homophony.________ imparts music’s characteristic rhythmic “feel.”The position of a note head in, above, or below the staff communicates the sound’s ________.Forms in music balance _________ and _________.The feeling for key or tonality requires that a central tone, “DO,” be supported by appropriate ________ and ________.
5 Baroque Review1. What is a basso continuo? What instruments might perform in a basso continuo? chording: _______, _______, _______ bass: _______, _______, _______ Name a genre that uses it. What is its function? (One word will do!) 2. In OPERA describe the role of: recitative aria Can you hear the difference between the opening recitative and the aria that follows in “Dido’s Lament”?
6 Review 3. In opera, why is homophony favored over polyphony? 4. What role did Monteverdi give the opera orchestra? How did he accomplish his goals for the orchestra?5. Explain how opera manifests the Baroque culture’s love of combining elements.6. Give some examples that illustrate the Baroque culture’s penchant for decorating “things.”7. What does “baroque” mean?8. Describe the following forms and explain how unity and contrast are projected in each:ritornellofugueAABB (often called binary form; common to dances)
7 Baroque Review9. Describe the orchestra in the Baroque era. Which instrument family was most highly developed?10. Who is Antonio Stradivari, and what was his life’s work?11. What is an “absolute monarch”?12. Who is Louis XIV? Cite some aspects of his “summer home” that reflect baroque interests, tastes, needs, etc.13. Describe a typical court musician’s life.14. What is the Camerata? What genre did its members bring about?15. What is the difference between text (word) painting and text expression?
8 Baroque ReviewRenaissance (16thC) complex polyphony gives way to early Baroque (17thC) ___________. What genre caused that change, and why did it do so?Cite three important differences between the lives and music of Bach and Handel.How do cantatas fit into the Lutheran worship service?In what ways are opera and oratorio similar? Cite three VIMP differences between the genres.
9 Baroque Review 21. Describe each of the popular Baroque Era genres: opera concertocantata choraleoratorio suite (dance suite)22. Some terms from Baroque unit:ritornello ariarecitative ensembleconcerto grosso overturesolo concerto basso continuocadenza librettoFrench Overturetuttistrophic
10 Baroque ListeningBach, Brandenburg Concerto No. 5, mvt. 1 Vivaldi, Concerto for Violin and Orchestra (Spring) from the Four Seasons, mvt. 1 Bach, Organ Fugue in G Minor Monteverdi, Tu se morta from L’Orfeo Purcell, Dido’s Lament from Dido and Aeneas Bach, Bourée from Suite No. 3 in D Major Bach, Cantata No. 140 (Wachet Auf), Mvts. 4, 7 Handel, Ev’ry Valley Shall Be Exalted from Messiah Handel, Hallelujah Chorus from Messiah Entries in red are assigned as Self-Guided Studies.
11 Listening Summary Bach Brandenburg Concerto No. 5 in D Maj, Mvt. 1 Concerto GrossoI=ritornello formsoloists=flute, violin, harpsichordlong harpsichord cadenzaa technical “tour de force”much drive toward final ritornelloConnect Kamien
12 Listening Summary Connect Kamien Vivaldi Concerto for Violin & Orchestra, Op. 8, No. 1, (Spring from the Four Seasons ), Mvt. 1ConcertoI=Ritornello formProgram musicConnect Kamien
13 Listening Summary Monteverdi Tu sé morta from L’Orfeo operatic recitativeI=basso continuo accomp What two instruments do you hear?text expression of mournful mood:word paintingdark tone colorslow tempo
14 Listening Summary Purcell Dido’s Lament from Dido and Aeneas operatic aria (w/ recitative opening)I=orchestra accompground bass unifiestext expression of mournful mood:slow tempominor keydescending chromatic bass line“sighing” gestureConnect Kamien
15 Listening Summary Connect Kamien Bach Orchestral Suite No. 3 in D Major, BourréeDance Suite MovementI=Driving, exuberant rhythmAABB formCareful control of timbreConnect Kamien
17 Listening Summary Connect Kamien Handel Ev’ry Valley shall be Exalted from MessiahAria from OratorioI=Word paintingRitornello formConnect Kamien
18 Listening Summary Connect Kamien Handel Hallelujah Chorus from Messiah OratorioI= Frequent and sudden texture changesMonophony, polyphony, homophonyWord paintingConnect Kamien
19 Match Genres with their descriptions Collection of dance-inspired movementsMulti-movement work for chorus, vocal soloists, orchestra, organ, most sacred ones are based on a familiar choraleLarge-scale work combines visual, vocal & instrumental music, and literatureLarge-scale work for chorus, orchestra, narrator, usually based on Old Testament storyA hymn, important in Lutheran worship serviceMulti-movement instrumental music that features two performing groups—soloist(s) and accompanying orchestraCantata Chorale Concerto Opera Oratorio Suite
20 Exam 1 topics 1. General questions: Elements: terms, concepts Baroque Era: history, culture, music’s function Part III: Ch 1 & 2Architecture, décor, Baroque tastes & interestsTechnology and influence on musicVisual artsDevelopments in music2. Listening:Elements: instrument, voice recognition, performance technique termsBaroque listening—Pieces we have studied3. Genre check
21 Exam 1Op-Scan graded–bring pencil and eraser multiple-choice (a few true/false) 70 questions or less: on vocabulary, history, culture, genres, etc. approximately 50 on listening elements, instruments, voices Baroque pieces Test session organization: 1. begin exam 2. listening–starts about 15 minutes into test session 3. quiet time to work on and/or finish non-listening part of exam 4. listening You may hear all of the music excerpts as often as you wish. You may take as much as or as little of the 50 minute class time as you wish.