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War Production Cecelia McCann, Emily Carnevale, Cole Slavitt, Emily Goldberg, Deanna Moschella, Jonathan Kui, Ally Royce.

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Presentation on theme: "War Production Cecelia McCann, Emily Carnevale, Cole Slavitt, Emily Goldberg, Deanna Moschella, Jonathan Kui, Ally Royce."— Presentation transcript:

1 War Production Cecelia McCann, Emily Carnevale, Cole Slavitt, Emily Goldberg, Deanna Moschella, Jonathan Kui, Ally Royce

2 Changed American Industry! Instead of manufacturing consumer goods, factories produced products that would benefit war “The average Ford car had some 15,000 parts. The B-24 Liberator long-range bomber had 1,550,000. One came off the line every 63 minutes.”

3 Goals for the Nation’s Factories! President Roosevelt wanted factories to produce: ● 60,000 aircrafts in 1942 and 125,000 in 1943 ● 120,000 tanks ● 55,000 antiaircraft guns In order to have the government involved they created the War Production Board in 1942 and the Office of War Mobilization in “We must out-produce them overwhelmingly, so that there can be no question of our ability to provide a crushing superiority of equipment in any theatre of the world war.” – Franklin D Roosevelt

4 Raising Money for War! Government techniques: ● American people were called to ration certain commodities, creating more tax revenue by decreasing the personal exemption ● Selling government war bonds in individuals and financial institutions These methods kept inflation under control

5 Labor Unions! ●As war production increased= HIGH DEMAND, LOW SUPPLY ●Tensions were high between labor unions, but felt the need to protect workers’ rights ●Citizens were outraged to hear about any work stoppages, and that the labor unions could not stop the strikes despite the “no-strike pledges” each person had taken 1943: The United Mine Workers ●Workers went on strike and newspapers condemned the miners as traitors JUNE 25, 1943: War Labor Disputes Act ●Authorized the President to take over plants needed for war production that had stopped works b/c of disputes

6 Minorities in the Workforce! “Eight million women stepped into the workforce and ethnic groups such as African Americans and Latinos found job opportunities as never before.”

7 Important Cities! ● Before the war Mobile, Alabama acted as a hub for job hunters o Known for:  Alumina production  Ship production (massive ports and workforce) ● Another city that helped find people jobs was Waterbury, Connecticut o Known for:  Creating cartridge clips for the Springfield rifle (American Brass Company )  Brass rods, sheets and tubes  Cartridge cases, mortar shells, small caliber bullets  Components used in the atomic bomb Chase Brass and Copper Company


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