Presentation on theme: "World War Two Home Front"— Presentation transcript:
1 World War Two Home Front I. Mobilizing for WarII. Wartime Challenges to the New DealWar Production Board (1942)Liberty ShipsPayroll Withholding (1941)Office of Price Administration (1941)War Labor Disputes Act (1943)Dr. Win-the-War (1943)Tuskegee AirmenNiseiKeynesian EconomicsMilitary Industrial Complex (1961)
2 FDR’s Objectives for 1942: 60,000 planes 45,000 tanks 20,000 antiaircraft guns8 million tons of shipping
3 The War Production Board directed automobile factories to start producing tanks
4 Over 2,700 Liberty Ships were produced during the war
7 The Middle Class1) The government lowered the amount of money exempt from income taxes.2) The government adopted payroll withholding.3) While 7 million Americans filed income tax returns in 1941, in 42 million did in 1944.
8 The Wealthy1) Tax rates were made more progressive, the surtaxes rising to 94 percent.2) F.D.R. proposed a “Super Tax” in 1942, that would confiscate all income over $67,000 a year. Only two to three thousand Americans would have been affected.
9 To Combat Inflation F. D. R To Combat Inflation F.D.R. Created the Office of Price Administration in 1941
10 The OPA Imposed a general price freeze in April 1942
11 The OPA encouraged people to save to fight inflation
17 Republicans Gains in 194246 seats in the House9 seats in the Senate
18 The War Labor Disputes Act 1) The president had the authority to seize and operate any strike-bound plant deemed necessary to national security.2) Established a mandatory 30-day cooling off period before any strike could be called.3) Gave the National War Labor Board the authority to settle labor disputes for the duration of the war.
19 The public saw this as an expression of presidential power.
21 Dr. Win-the-War“Old Dr. New Deal knew a great deal about internal medicine, but nothing about surgery. So he got his partner, who was an orthopedic surgeon, Dr. Win-the-War, to take care of this fellow who had been in this bad accident.”
22 “At the present time, obviously, the principal emphasis, the overwhelming emphasis should be on winning the war.” F.D.R
24 Cost plus contracts benefited major corporation, which received the majority of government contracts.
25 African Americans in WWII About a million African Americans served in the military during WWII, however, most served in segregated unitsDouble V campaignAfrican Americans were fighting for victory abroad and victory at homeCalled for an end to racial discrimination on all levels
26 Tuskegee Airmen Flew more than 15,000 sorties, mostly bomber escort Destroyed over 1,000 German aircraftNever lost a bomber
27 Most civil rights abuses during WW II were against Japanese-Americans
28 Internment120,000 Japanese Americans, 77,000 of whom were Nisei—native native born citizens of the United States–were interned during World War Two
36 Government Involvement in the Economy: Where $175 Billion of War Contracts Went
37 The Military Industrial Complex “In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sought or unsought, by the military industrial complex.”-Farewell Address, Jan. 17, 1961