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Igbo Ukwu. Map of Nigeria depicting the various ancient cultures.

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Presentation on theme: "Igbo Ukwu. Map of Nigeria depicting the various ancient cultures."— Presentation transcript:

1 Igbo Ukwu

2 Map of Nigeria depicting the various ancient cultures

3 Igbo Ukwu art comes from 3 Archaeological sites in southeastern Nigeria: Igbo Richard, Igbo Isaiah and Igbo Jonah -consists of objects made from bronze, terracotta, beads and Ivory -metal objects were made by the lost wax technique -they are believed to date to around 1100 BP(900 AD) -objects discovered in ancient burial chambers, shrines and storage areas -made by sophisticated bronze casting techniques Objects include bronze pendants, bowls, and shells

4 Caroline Sasson’s rendering of the storage house From Igbo Isaiah, depicting some of the sacred objects on an altar

5 Caroline Sasson’s rendering of the burial chamber of Igbo Richard, Depicting the priest-king, Igbo Ukwu, Water color,

6 Triton shell, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100BP (900 AD)

7 Shell surmounted with a Leopard, Igbo Ukwu, leaded bronze, 1100 BP (900 AD)

8 Roped Vessel on a stand, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100 BP (900AD)

9 Bowl with concentric circular motifs, Igbo Ukwu, Leade bronze, 1100BP

10 Cylindrical staff ornament, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze with bead inlays, 1100BP

11 Bowl on a stand, Igbo ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100 BP

12 Bowl, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100 BP

13 Crescentic bowl, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100BP

14 Pear shaped bowl, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100 BP

15 Potstand, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100 BP

16 Pendant, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100 BP

17 Flywhisk handle, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100 BP

18 Double egg pendant, Igbo Ukwu, leaded bronze with beads, 1100 BP

19 Pendant with ram’s head motif, Igbo ukwu, Leaded bronze with beads, 1100 BP

20 Cylindrical staff ornament, Igbo Ukwu, Leaded bronze, 1100 BP

21 Globular vessel with everted rim, Igbo Ukwu, terracotta, 1000 BP

22 Map of Nigeria depicting the various ancient cultures

23 Ife: Origins of Art and Civilization Art consists of objects in Terracotta, Leaded Brass, & Stone --objects date to BP ( AD) -art created for the ruling elite Style elements: Idealized naturalism Striation on the face Slightly elongated necks, with rolls of fat Careful modeling Heavily beaded figures with elaborate headdresses Full length figures and busts

24 Head of an Ooni (probably used in kingship rituals) Ife, (Yoruba) Nigeria Leaded brass BP

25 Head of an Ooni (used in annual ritual of renewal) Ife, (Yoruba) Nigeria Leaded Brass (Zinc brass) BP

26 Mask depicting Obalufon Patron and eponymous ancestors Of brass casters Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria Copper—leaded brass BP

27 Figure of an Ooni in ceremonial regalia Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria Leaded Brass—Zinc Brass BP

28 Ceremonial vessel with female form Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria Leaded brass BP (11 th /12 th Century)

29 Royal Usurper Lajuwa, Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria, Terracotta BP

30 Female Figure Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria Terracotta BP

31 Head of a female Ooni Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria Terracotta BP

32 Pot lid in the form of a Hippopotamus, Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria, Terracotta, BP

33 Head of a ritual specialist, Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria Terracotta BP

34 Abstract cylindrical head depicting the inner Spiritual head—ori inu Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria Terracotta BP

35 Ritual Pot Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria Terracotta BP

36 Quartz stool with loop handle Ife (Yoruba) Nigeria Quartz, 900 BP

37 Summary Ife was certainly a royal art Ife was the religious and political center of divine rulers Many of the heads were used for enthronement rituals; Second burial ceremonies; and in honor of deceased rulers; The art of Ife validates the notion: Though king and queens may die, but the institution of rulership does not die


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