Presentation on theme: "Effigy mound Mounds built in the forms of animals. Gorget Neck pendant."— Presentation transcript:
Effigy mound Mounds built in the forms of animals. Gorget Neck pendant
Burial Mask from Point Hope, Alaska ca. 100 ivory 9 1/2 in. wide Favorite material of Eskimo carvers? Was Walrus ivory. Stylistic characteristics of prehistoric Eskimo art: Abstract circles, curved lines, and animal faces (representing transformation) are common motifs, carved in shallow relief. Objects are always small due to the nomadic culture.
Ancestral Shrine Figure, 13th–14th century; Mississippian Mississippian peoples; Tennessee Quartz sandstone H. 26 1/2 in. (67.3 cm)
Pipe from a mound in Ohio ca B.C.E. stone 8 in. high Purpose of most of the Adena and Mississippian art objects: Gifts to the dead, to be taken into the afterlife.
Incised shell gorget from Summer County, Tennessee ca in. wide
Serpent Mound Adams County, Ohio ca ft. long, 20 ft. wide, 5 ft. high The Adena culture which flourished in Ohio during the last several centuries BCE were thought to have built the mounds. Radiocarbon dating, however, now suggests it was built much later by a people known as Mississippians. The mound is 1200 feet long The purpose for the construction of the mound: To represent or worship snakes, which were very important in Mississippian iconography. They were associated with the earth and fertility of crops. Because it is now thought to have been built in 1070, it may have been intended to mark the passage of Halleys comet in 1066, in the form of the comets path across the night sky. Most extant objects from the Adena and Mississippian cultures were found in burial and temple mounds. The Serpent Mound, Ohio is among the best preserved temple mounds
bowl with two cranes and geometric forms from New Mexico ca ceramic, black on white diameter approximately 1 ft. 1/2 in. Characteristics of prehistoric pottery made by the Mimbres people: Black-on-white designs. Linear rhythms balanced and controlled with a clearly defined border. Method used to make this pottery was the coiling method.
Cliff Palace at Mesa Verdi The Cliff Palace at Mesa Verdi was a sophisticated urban community located in a wide trade network. The location was not accidental. The dwellings were designed to take advantage of the sun to heat the pueblo in winter and shade it in summer.
A kiva A circular semi-subterranean structure, once roofed over and entered via ladder through a hole in the roof. Purpose They were and still are the spiritual centers of native Southwest life, male council houses where ritual regalia are stored and private rituals and preparations for public ceremonies take place.
detail of Kiva painting from Kuaua Pueblo (Coranado State Monument) Anasazi, New Mexico late 15th to early 16th century
Mictlantecuhtli and Quetzalcóatl illuminated page from the Borgia Codex from Puebla/Tlaxcala, Mexico ca mineral and vegetable pigments on deerskin approximately 10 5/8 in. x 10 3/8 in.