Presentation on theme: "Africa Before 1800 Ben Tucker, Josh Hampshire, Nate Harris Period 3."— Presentation transcript:
Africa Before 1800 Ben Tucker, Josh Hampshire, Nate Harris Period 3
Nok head from Rafin Kura N: Nok head from Rafin Kura D: Ca. 1520 P/S: Benin, ivory carving A: unknown M/T: Ivory, Iron Function: worn at the waist of Obe Esigie C: Esigie’s mother Idia helped him in warfare, and in return he created the Queen Mother for her DT: High relief, proportional, balanced, very geometric Ideas: Divinity
Waist pendant of a Queen Mother N: Waist pendant of a Queen Mother D: 500 BCE-200 CE P/S: African, Nok A: unknown M/T: Terracotta Function: unknown C: unknown DT: Hollow, full round, exaggerated features, made by women Ideas: Expression of face could indicate position of power
Master of the Symbolic Execution N: Master of the Symbolic Execution D: 1,490-1,540 BCE P/S: Sapi-Portuguese A: unknown M/T: Ivory Function: unknown C: Main example of Portuguese explorers on Sapi culture DT: High relief, small examples of geometric shapes/symmetry, execution scene (slight narrative) Ideas: Figures below could represent future victims of execution; executioner placed on top to emphasize his role
Core beliefs and Expression in Art Common beliefs throughout all of Africa included honoring ancestors, worshiping nature deities, and elevating rulers to sacred status. These beliefs were expressed greatly in the large variety that African Art consisted of. They were expressed in Rock engraving and painting, body decoration masquerades (and other festivals), figural sculpture, and sacred and secular architecture. Many African sculptures are representations of family ancestors and are carved to idolize their spirits, this is an example of how their respect for ancestors was expressed in their art. In the Ivory Belt Mask, worn by Oba Esigie, king of the Benin, around the crown are stylized Portuguese heads alternating with mudfish, which represent royalty for their land, and sea lifestyle, as a king is human and divine. This is an example of the core belief of elevating rulers to sacred status. They valued trees and the wood that they provided, wood being their favorite art medium, and would repay trees in certain ways. This could be an example of how they worship nature Deities.
Traditions of full-round Sculpture Full round sculptures had a very large significance in many of the ancient African tribes. They were especially important in the Lle-Lfe tribe’s traditions. These sculptures were all created by native Africans and were typically made out of stone, terracotta, or copper. Carbon dating says that these sculptures go back about the 11 th or 12 th century.
Function of objects The sculptures were often used for ceremonies of instillation, funerals and the annual affirmation of the king’s grace. The figures used idealized naturalism, meaning that they were realistic in their shape and proportions, but were idealized in the sense of ideal form and sculpting the carvings to depict the prime time of the subject's life. It is also believed that the sculptures could have been individually craved for specific people.
Trade Network of Zimbabwae Great Zimbabwe had a vast trade network well before Europeans began costal voyaging. There are finds of beads and pottery from the Near East and China along with copper and gold objects. This could have affected the styles and artwork during the time period of Great Zimbabwe, in Great Zimbabwe. By adding a foreign and completely different feel to the generic African Rubric that can be noticed in all African Artwork.
Portuguese Impact When Portuguese explorers and patrons came to the Atlantic coast of Africa, the people of Sapi, attempted to please or fit the needs of these foreign people through works of art. The Portuguese commissioned many items, including delicate silverware and elaborate saltcellars, boxes, hunting horns, and weaponry handles. The many influence of the Portuguese were the saltcellars, which were items for the elites of Europe. These were the main influences the Portuguese had on the Sapi culture. Their direct influence changed their method and demand of art, all due to foreign exposure.
Comparative Analysis Similarities: Both are in the full round Both stiff, frontal views Both display types of idealized naturalism where the sculpture is realistic but flawless and represents perfect human form Differences: Left: Greek, full height, Marble, Grave marker, naked Right: African, mini, zinc-brass, ceremony, clothed Kroisos Waist pendant of a Queen Mother