Presentation on theme: "5th Grade General Music Matthew Stefanski"— Presentation transcript:
15th Grade General Music Matthew Stefanski The Brass Family5th Grade General MusicMatthew Stefanski
2What’s a Brass Instrument? 3 Parts to a brass instrumentMouthpieceBellTubing
32 Types of Brass Instruments ConicalCylindricalTubing remains close to the same size until it reaches the bellProduces a “brighter” soundTubing expands from mouthpiece all the way to the bellGives a “mellow” sound
4Trumpet Very versatile Cylindrical Instrument Trumpets can play in many different ensemblessuch asMarching BandsJazz BandsOrchestrasBrass Quartet/QuintetDrum and Bugle CorpsRock and Pop BandsBrass ChoirsDid not always have 3 valves:The trumpet plays the highest in the brass sectionThe oldest trumpets date back to 1500 BC and earlier.
5Cornet Plays in the same register Often referred to as a conical trumpetHas 3 Valves like trumpetThe difference is that cornet produces a more mellow sound because it is CONICAL
6French Horn Lower register than the trumpet Its conical bore is responsible for its sound, often described as "mellow"12 feet of tubing coiledCan play in:OrchestrasBrass QuintetsWind EnsemblesConcert BandsWoodwind Quintet!?Jazz Bands (rarely)Smallest Mouthpiece
7Mellophone Used only in Marching Bands Drum and Bugle Corps Brass BandsJazz Bands (rarely)Like the cornet, Mellophone is often referred to as a conical French Horn
8Trombone means “Large Trumpet” NO VALVESUses a long slide to adjust pitchPlays lower than French HornCan play in many ensembles such asMarching BandsJazz BandsOrchestrasBrass BandsBrass QuintetUnique sound comes from slide and cylindrical build
9Baritone and Euphonium Closely related to tromboneRecent addition to the brass family3 or 4 valvesUsually 3 or 4 valvesUsed a lot inBrass BandMarching BandDrum and Bugle CorpsPlays inMarching BandsDrum and Bugle CorpsBrass BandsWind EnsemblesCylindricalConical tubing makes mellow soundPlays in same register as trombone
10Tuba The largest and lowest pitched of all brass instruments Recent addition since the mid-1800’sConical tubing = mellow toneUsed inOrchestrasBrass Ensembles of all sortsMarching BandsDrum and Bugle CorpsAnywhere from 3 to 7 valves
11Sousaphone Sometimes referred to as a marching tuba Was designed by request of John Philip Sousa in 1890ConicalMainly used in Marching Bands
12FLASH REVIEW French Horn Mellophone Trumpet Cornet Conical Cylindrical Very mellow soundMiddle registerTrumpetCylindricalBrighter soundUsed in Marching BandsCornetConicalSame register as TrumpetCylindricalPlays highest
13Tuba Baritone Euphonium Sousaphone Trombone Conical Largest and Lowest Low RegisterCylindricalLow RegisterSousaphoneTromboneCylindrical“Marching Tuba”CylindricalNO VALVES
14Pop Quiz Which instrument is it? 1 2 3 4 #1 Euphonium #2 Trombone #3 Tuba#4 French Horn
15Reference Images provided by Google images Most fromMost sound bites provided by“Caravan” for mellophone example provided by Bluecoats’ 2005 show CDInformation provided in descriptions provided by: The Teaching of Instrumental Music. 3rd ed. Colwell & Goolsby Pearson Education, Inc.