Presentation on theme: "The Brass Family 5 th Grade General Music Matthew Stefanski."— Presentation transcript:
The Brass Family 5 th Grade General Music Matthew Stefanski
What’s a Brass Instrument?
2 Types of Brass Instruments Tubing expands from mouthpiece all the way to the bell Gives a “mellow” sound Tubing remains close to the same size until it reaches the bell Produces a “brighter” sound
Trumpet The trumpet plays the highest in the brass section The oldest trumpets date back to 1500 BC and earlier. Cylindrical Instrument Did not always have 3 valves: Very versatile Trumpets can play in many different ensembles such as Marching Bands Jazz Bands Orchestras Brass Quartet/Quintet Drum and Bugle Corps Rock and Pop Bands Brass Choirs
Cornet Often referred to as a conical trumpet Has 3 Valves like trumpet Plays in the same register The difference is that cornet produces a more mellow sound because it is CONICAL
French Horn 12 feet of tubing coiled Its conical bore is responsible for its sound, often described as "mellow" Smallest Mouthpiece Lower register than the trumpet Can play in: Orchestras Brass Quintets Wind Ensembles Concert Bands Woodwind Quintet!? Jazz Bands (rarely)
Mellophone Like the cornet, Mellophone is often referred to as a conical French Horn Used only in Marching Bands Drum and Bugle Corps Brass Bands Jazz Bands (rarely)
TROMBONE NO VALVES NO VALVES Uses a long slide to adjust pitch Uses a long slide to adjust pitch Plays lower than French Horn Plays lower than French Horn Trombone means “Large Trumpet” Trombone means “Large Trumpet” Can play in many ensembles such as Marching Bands Jazz Bands Orchestras Brass Bands Brass Quintet Unique sound comes from slide and cylindrical build
Baritone and Euphonium Baritone Closely related to trombone Cylindrical 3 or 4 valves Plays in same register as trombone Used a lot in Brass Band Marching Band Drum and Bugle Corps Euphonium Recent addition to the brass family Usually 3 or 4 valves Conical tubing makes mellow sound Plays in Marching Bands Drum and Bugle Corps Brass Bands Wind Ensembles
Tuba The largest and lowest pitched of all brass instruments Recent addition since the mid-1800’s Used in Orchestras Brass Ensembles of all sorts Marching Bands Drum and Bugle Corps Anywhere from 3 to 7 valves Conical tubing = mellow tone
Sousaphone Sometimes referred to as a marching tuba Was designed by request of John Philip Sousa in 1890 Conical Mainly used in Marching Bands
FLASH REVIEW Cylindrical Plays highest Conical Same register as Trumpet Conical Very mellow sound Middle register Cylindrical Brighter sound Used in Marching Bands
Conical Low Register Cylindrical Cylindrical NO VALVES Cylindrical “Marching Tuba” Conical Largest and Lowest
Pop Quiz Which instrument is it? #1 Euphonium #2 Trombone #3 Tuba #4 French Horn
Reference Images provided by Google images Images provided by Google images Most from Most from Most sound bites provided by nstruments.htm Most sound bites provided by nstruments.htm nstruments.htm nstruments.htm “Caravan” for mellophone example provided by Bluecoats’ 2005 show CD “Caravan” for mellophone example provided by Bluecoats’ 2005 show CD Information provided in descriptions provided by: The Teaching of Instrumental Music. 3 rd ed. Colwell & Goolsby Pearson Education, Inc. Information provided in descriptions provided by: The Teaching of Instrumental Music. 3 rd ed. Colwell & Goolsby Pearson Education, Inc.