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Brass Family Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra.

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Presentation on theme: "Brass Family Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra."— Presentation transcript:

1 Brass Family Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra

2 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Brass Family - Made of brass tubing - Produces sound by buzzing lips and blowing air into a mouthpiece - Also produces sound by changing valves or slide position - Has a cup-shaped mouthpiece and a bell

3 Mouthpieces Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra The Brass Family Come in different shapes and sizes to fit different instruments and mouth sizes

4 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra TRUMPET Click hear to listen to the Trumpet CORNET How is the cornet different from and similar to the trumpet?  It is smaller and easier to play - 4 ft of tubing - Highest pitch of brass instruments - Changes pitch by use of valves

5 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra FRENCH HORN Click here to listen to the French Horn - Has rotary valves (moves up and down to channel air into different tubes) (not to be confused with English Horn—a woodwind instrument!) - Descendent of hunting horn - Uses “hand-stopping” technique

6 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra TROMBONE Click here to listen to the Trombone - Has a moveable slide - Plays glissando (Moving quickly from note to note)

7 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra TUBA Click here to listen to theTuba Sousaphone How is it different from the Tuba?  it is used in marching bands instead of the tuba because it is easier to carry -16 ft. of tubing -Largest and lowest brass instrument

8 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra MUTES Click here to see a video about Mutes - These mutes are typically made out of aluminum, brass, or copper metal - Used to soften sound of brass instrument

9 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 2.A brass player can produce notes two ways: a. _____________________ b. _____________________ buzzing lips valves or slide 3.A longer tube on a brass instrument will cause the instrument to have a ________ pitch. lower

10 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 4. A shorter tube will result in a _________ pitch. higher 5.Trumpet: a. How many feet of tubing? ______ 4 b. __________ pitch of all brass instruments Highest

11 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 5.Trumpet: (continued) c. Descendant of the _________ trumpet Herald

12 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 5.Trumpet: (continued) d. What do the valves do? ________________________ They change the pitch. e.The trumpet is especially good for playing ________ and _______. loudhigh

13 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 6.French Horn: a. The French Horn is the descendant of the __________ horn. Hunting

14 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 6.French Horn: (continued) b. Why does the French Horn player keep his or her hand in the bell? 1. ______________________ Balance 2. ___________________________ Mute (soften the sound)

15 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 6.French Horn: (continued) c. A French Horn player can obtain a muted sound by hand stopping, which is __________________________ _______________________________________________. Putting your hand all the way in the bell (this changes the pitch)

16 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 7. Trombone: a. The moveable ________ enables the player to glide from note to note. slide b.Moving quickly from note to note is called a ____________. glissando

17 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 8. Tuba: a. _____ feet of tubing 16 b.The tuba is the _________ pitched brass instrument and the __________ in size. lowest largest

18 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 8. Tuba: (continued) c. A __________________ is actually the tuba that is used in the marching band. Sousaphone d.Why is a Sousaphone used in the marching band? ____________________________ It has shoulder supports.

19 Instrument Families of the Symphony Orchestra I. Four Families of instruments in the Symphony Orchestra A. The Brass Family (continued) 1. Questions and Notes: 9.All brass instruments can soften their sound by using a ________. mute


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