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On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education,

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Presentation on theme: "On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education,"— Presentation transcript:

1 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Sarah R. Labensky, CCP Alan M. Hause Priscilla A. Martel

2 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Stocks and Sauces Chapter 10 — Part 1 On Cooking Labensky, Hause & Martel Sarah R. Labensky, CCP Alan M. Hause Priscilla A. Martel

3 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Stocks and Sauces Chapter 10 — Part 1 On Cooking Labensky, Hause & Martel CLNART – 060 Culinary Orientation & Techniques Chef Louis Eguaras, PSB, CPFC Fall 2014

4 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved cartilagecollagen connective tissue deglazedegreaseemulsificationfondgelatin Key Terms

5 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved matignonnappéreductionremouillageslurrysweat Key Terms

6 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Learning Objectives Prepare a variety of stocks Recognize and classify sauces Use thickening agents properly After this lecture, you should be able to complete the following Learning Objectives 10.3

7 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Learning Objective Prepare a variety of stocks

8 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks A flavored liquid Key to a great soup, sauce, or braised dish Fond French for stock or base Stocks

9 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks White stock Brown stock Fish stock/fumet Court bouillon Stocks

10 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Bones Cartilage Gristle, tough elastic connective tissue Connective tissue Bind together and support other tissues Collagen Protein found in connective tissue Gelatin Tasteless mixture of proteins from boiling bones Ingredients in Stocks

11 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Mirepoix Matignon Mirepoix plus smoked ham or bacon Ingredients in Stocks

12 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Ingredients in Stocks Peppercorns Bay leaves Thyme Parsley stems Garlic

13 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Do not add salt Ingredients in Stocks

14 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Principles of Stock Making Start in cold water Simmer gently Skim frequently Strain carefully Cool quickly Store properly

15 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Degrease Removing congealed fat

16 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Neutral stock Beef, veal, or chicken bones Blanch bones White Stock

17 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Chicken, veal, beef or game Do not blanch the bones Caramelizing Brown Stock Deglaze Use liquid to dissolve food particles in a sauté pan Remouillage Stock from used stock bones

18 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Fish Stock Fish Fumet 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Fish bones and heads of fish Crustacean shells Oily fish not used Bones not blanched Differs from stock Strongly flavored Contain acidic ingredient Less time Sweat Cook over low heat without browning

19 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Vegetable Stock Clear and light colored No gelatin Avoid cruciferous or bitter vegetables Avoid starchy vegetables

20 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Not actually stock A flavored liquid Used to poach fish/shellfish Court Bouillon 10.1 Prepare a Variety of Stocks Nage Aromatic court bouillon served as its own sauce Glaze Dramatically reduced stock

21 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.2 Learning Objective Recognize and classify sauces

22 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.2 Recognize and Classify Sauces Sauce Making Use good stocks Use thickening agents properly Use seasonings properly

23 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Learning Objective Use thickening agents properly Use Thickening Agents Properly Roux Equal parts flour and fat White Blond Brown

24 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Nappé Consistency will coat back of spoon 10.3 Use Thickening Agents Properly

25 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.3 Use Thickening Agents Properly Incorporating Roux into Liquid Cold stock Hot roux Add to hot roux, whisk vigorously

26 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.3 Use Thickening Agents Properly Incorporating Roux into Liquid Hot stockRoom temp roux Add to hot stock, whisk vigorously

27 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.3 Use Thickening Agents Properly Guidelines for Using Roux Heavy, non- reactive pot Roux not below room temp when combined Do not over- thicken

28 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.3 Use Thickening Agents Properly Arrowroot Cornstarch Beurre manié Liaison Other Thickening Agents Slurry Raw starch and cold liquid Tempering Raise liquid temp gradually

29 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.3 Use Thickening Agents Properly Emulsification Mixing unmixable liquids

30 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.3 Use Thickening Agents Properly Finishing Techniques Reduction Decrease a liquid through evaporation

31 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.3 Use Thickening Agents Properly Finishing Techniques Straining

32 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved 10.3 Use Thickening Agents Properly Finishing Techniques Monter au beurre

33 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Chapter Summary Prepare a variety of stocks Recognize and classify sauces Use thickening agents properly 10.3

34 On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel On Cooking Sarah R Labensky, Alan M. Hause, Priscilla A. Martel © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc Upper Saddle River, New Jersey All Rights Reserved Stocks and Sauces Chapter 10 On Cooking Labensky, Hause & Martel End Part 1


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