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THE 12 OLYMPIANS Zeus  Athena  Poseidon  Apollo  Hades  Aphrodite  Hestia  Hermes  Hera  Artemis  Ares  Hephaestus 

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Presentation on theme: "THE 12 OLYMPIANS Zeus  Athena  Poseidon  Apollo  Hades  Aphrodite  Hestia  Hermes  Hera  Artemis  Ares  Hephaestus "— Presentation transcript:

1 THE 12 OLYMPIANS Zeus  Athena  Poseidon  Apollo  Hades  Aphrodite  Hestia  Hermes  Hera  Artemis  Ares  Hephaestus 

2 ELDER GENERATION OF GODS Cronus + Rhea HestiaHadesPoseidonDemeterHeraZeus

3 CHILDREN OF ZEUS & HERA Zeus + Hera HebeHephaestusAres

4 ZEUS’S IMMORTAL CHILDREN Metis -- Athene Themis -- Hours, Order, Justice, Peace, Fates Demeter -- Persephone Mnemosyne -- The Nine Muses Leto -- Artemis & Apollo Dione -- Aphrodite Semele -- Dionysus Maia -- Hermes Hera -- Hebe, Ares, Hephaestus

5 ZEUS (JUPITER)  Lord of the Sky, the Cloud- gatherer  Supreme ruler of Mount Olympus  Spiritual leader of both gods and men  Upholder of the law, justice, morals, and civilised conduct  Attributes: Thunderbolt, the eagle, the aegis, the oak tree

6 POSEIDON (NEPTUNE)  Lord of the Sea  Gave the first horse to man (God of Horses)  The Earth-shaker (God of Earthquakes)  Submarine palace  Attributes: The trident, dolphins, horses, bulls

7 HADES (PLUTO)  Lord of the Underworld, Ruler of the Dead  Abducted and gave Persephone a pomegranate, she ate and belonged to the underworld forever  The God of Wealth, possesses the riches of the earth  His name is avoided  Attributes: The scepter, the helmet (of invisibility), the narcissus flower

8 HESTIA (VESTA)  Goddess of the Hearth, the symbol of home and domestic life  A virgin goddess, wooed by Poseidon and Apollo but swore by Zeus to remain a virgin  Every hearth on Earth was her altar  New colonies took fire from the hearth of the mother-city  Attributes: The hearth

9 HERA (JUNO)  Queen of Mount Olympus  Zeus’s wife and sister  Goddess of Marriage and Birth  Always jealous of Zeus’s love affairs  Punishes her rivals and their children (e.g. Zeus, Io, Helen)  Attributes: The peacock, the cow, the pomegranate, the city of Argos

10 ARES (MARS)  God of War  Handsome but vain, cruel and murderous; detested by gods and men  Attended by his sister Eris, the Goddess of Strife, his sons, and by Enyo, old goddess of war  Cowardly runs away when wounded  Born in Thrace, where there lives a fierce people  Attributes: The vulture, the dog, and the war gear

11 PALLAS ATHENA (MINERVA)  Goddess of Wisdom, War, the Handicrafts, Industry and Justice  Born out of Zeus’s head, fully- grown and wearing a robe and helmet, no mother  Zeus’s favourite child  Virgin goddess  Athena, the grey-eyed; Athena of the flashing eyes  Attributes: The olive tree, the owl, the aegis, the city of Athens, and Parthenon temple

12 PHOEBUS APOLLO  God of Light (assoc. with the Sun-god Helios), Truth (can never tell a lie), Medicine, Archery, Music, Poetry  Master musician, he directed the choir of Muses  The Archer-god, the Healer  Twin-brother of Artemis  Killed the dragon Python  Attributes: The lyre, the bow and the arrow, the tripod, the swan, the laurel tree

13 APHRODITE (VENUS)  Goddess of Love, Beauty, and Sexual Desire  The laughter-loving, irresistible goddess; had many lovers  Born out of sea foams; the sea carried her to Cyprus  Married to Hephaestus, the ugly, lame God of Fire  Aphrodisiac festival celebrated in Athens and Corinth, sexual intercourse as worship  Attributes: The myrtle tree, the dove, the swan

14 HERMES (MERCURY)  Messenger God, God of Commerce, Travel, Literature, Athletics  The Divine Herald, leads the souls of the dead to Hades  Cunning, shrewd, swift  Gave the lyre to Apollo in exchange for his cattle  Attributes: The winged- sandals, a broad-brimmed hat with wings, Caduceus (staff with snakes and wings)

15 ARTEMIS (DIANA)  Goddess of Hunting, Wild Animals, and Fertility  A virgin goddess associated with Chastity, twin-sister of Apollo, associated with Selene, the Moon  Armed with a bow and arrows, accompanied by the Nymphs  Contradictory features; protectress of women in labour and of young children, brought sudden death to labouring women by shooting arrows  Attributes: Cypress tree, the deer

16 HEPHAESTUS (VULCAN/MULCIBER)  God of Fire, Forge, Smith of Gods  The armourer; patron of smiths  Hera conceived him alone, later rejected  He imprisoned his mother Hera on a magic throne; released her after Aphrodite was given as his bride  He caught his wife with Ares with the magic chain-link net  Made the first woman,Pandora from clay  Attributes: Ugly, lame; carries an axe; wears a beard


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