2 Zeus / Jupiter King of the gods God of air Uses Thunderbolts as his weaponWomanizer – married his own sisterSon of Cronos and RheaMost powerfulSome Lovers of Zeus –CALLISTO – forest nymph, gave birth to Arcas. Zeus changed her into a bear to hide her from Hera. She was accidentally shot by her friend, Artemis. Zeus placed her in the sky as a constellation (Ursa Major)EUROPA – Zeus came in the shape of a bullANTIOPE – daughter of a river god. Zeus came in the form of a satyrDANAE – Zeus came in the form of a golden rain shower, gave birth to PerseusSEMELE – gave birht to Dionysus – Hera tricked her to ask to see Zeus in all his glory. It fried her.Hercules’ mom he came in the shape of her husbandLedo – came in the form of a swamJupiter is so named because it is so big – it is the “King of Planets”Music is Gustav Holst’s “Jupiter, Bringer of Jollity”
3 Poseidon / Neptune God of the sea and earthquakes Made horses Trident is weaponAmphitrite is his wifeZeus’ brotherSon of Cronos and Rhea2nd most powerfulNeptune is so named because the blue looks like waterMusic is Gustav Holst’s “Neptune, the Mystic”
4 Hades / Pluto / Dis God of the Underworld and Wealth King of the dead but he is not DeathZeus’ brotherSon of Cronos and RheaHas a helmet that makes the wearer invisiblePersephone (Spring) is his wifeNOT EVIL! (but he is unpitying)3rd most powerful
5 Hera / Juno Queen of the gods Protector of marriage Wife/sister of ZeusThe peacock is her symbol (because of the eye-look)Cows are sacred to her (ox-eyed Hera)JealousNo planet, but there is an asteroid named after her plus a city in Alaska
6 Phoebus Apollo God of truth, light, archery, and healing Sun god in some myths (Helios is the sun god in other myths)Son of Zeus and LetoWolves, dolphins, and crows are sacred to himHas the Oracle of DelphiHis mom, Leto, is a titan (daughter of Coeus and Phoebe) and worshipped by the Greeks. Hera sent a giant serpent to kill her for sleeping with Zeus, but she got away.Apollo defeated a python at Delphi in order to claim the oracle.Apollo asteroids are near-earth asteroids
7 Artemis / Diana Apollo’s Twin sister Goddess of the hunt, wild things, and crosswaysShe is the moon goddess sometimesVirgin goddessAs Diana, she is also a goddess of lightStags are sacredThe Artemis navigation satellite
8 Aphrodite / Venus Goddess of beauty and love Mother of Eros/Cupid Wife of Hephaestus/Vulcan but lover of Ares/Mars and other guysCaught by Hepheastus with Ares. Everyone laughed at HephaetusLoved Adonis but had to share him with PersephoneHad a son with Hermes named Hermaphroditos – he was loved by a water nymph but he did not return her attentions. When he bathed in some waters, she merged with him to be with him forever. The result was a female boy.Venus is so named because it is a beautiful planet and can be easily seen with just the eyeBorn from the foam in the sea caused by the attack of Cronos/ Saturn on Ouranus/UranusGustav Holst’s “Venus, Bringer of Peace”
9 Ares / Mars God of War Son of Zeus and Hera, but both hate him The Romans glorify him, but the Greeks make him out to be a cowardHe has three children with Aphrodite: Phobos (panic) and Deimos (fear) are twinsMars and its moons, Phobos and DeimosGustav Holst’s “Mars, Bringer of War”
10 Pallas Athena / Minerva Goddess of wisdom and defensive warDaughter of Zeus and Metis (titan) – she popped out of his head after he swallowed the pregnant MetisShe carries a shield with Medusa’s head on itMinerva was a tiny robot designed by the Japanese to land on an asteroid, but got lost in space.
11 Hephaestus / Vulcan God of fire and the forge Son of Zeus and Hera UglyLame because he was thrown off Mt. Olympus for interfering with a fight between Hera and ZeusHusband to AphroditeIn one version, he got his revenge on Hera (for throwing him out) by building a golden throne – it was a trap. They had to invite him back and get him drunk before he released her.
12 Hermes / Mercury Messenger god and the god of thieves Greek Trickster figureVery fastSon of Zeus and MaiaLoves AphroditeGreeks believed he guided souls to HadesOne of his sons with Aphrodite was known for his enormous manhood.The Hermes AsteroidMercury revolves around the sun so fast, it was named for the messenger god. One year is faster than one day on Mercury
13 Hestia / Vesta Zeus’ sister – Oldest of the original gods Goddess of the hearth and homeGave up her spot on Mt. Olympus for DionysusWorshipped dailyA virgin priestesses served her for 30 year time periodsDoes pretty much nothing in mythologyAsteroid Vesta
14 Eros / Cupid God of love Son of Ares and Aphrodite Often portrayed as a child, but not always.He has wingsUses a bow and arrow – arrows cause one to fall in loveMomma’s boyAnteros is his brother (several Erotes – all look pretty much alike) He has long hair and butterfly wings and is the avenger of love scornedEros is a near earth asteroid
15 Demeter / Ceres Daughter of Cronos and Rhea Goddess of vegetation Had powers of growth and resurrectionHer daughter is PersephoneThe asteroid Ceres was the first asteroid ever discovered and is one of the largest (about the size of Texas). It almost became a designated as a planet
16 Dionysus / Bacchus Son of Zeus and Semele God of wine and happiness In some areas of Greece, his worship was outlawed (too dirty)The Bacchus asteroid