Presentation on theme: "Biographical sketch Basic concepts Conscious and unconscious Archetype: Personality typology Personality development Critical evaluation."— Presentation transcript:
Biographical sketch Basic concepts Conscious and unconscious Archetype: Personality typology Personality development Critical evaluation
BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH: Introduction: Carl Gustav gung was a son of protestant country minister and born on 26july, 1875 in Switzerland. His father was failed to clean Jung’s skepticism was remains constant even by his kindly fat old women type mother. Jung become attracted to the fledging field at psychiatry during his medical studies 1903 he married Emma Rauschenbusch in daughter and son. Jung died in his kusnacht home an June
THE BASIC NATURE OF HUMAN BEINGS Jung called his theory “analytical psychology”. Jung’s analytical psychology theory is substantially different from Freudian psychoanalysis’ Instincts and psychic energy: Complexes. According to Jung’s psychic energy attracts constellations of related and emotionally charged ideas or complexes. For example a man ruled by his mother complex maybe unable to from satisfying heterosexual Relationship because he is far more concerned about her whishes and opinions.
THE WORD ASSOCIATION TEST : Tung measured the power of a complex by using the “word association test”. Wherein a list of single word is read one at a time and the subject must reply with the first word that comes to mind. For example “mother _ father”. The principle of opposites. According to Jung’s life consists of a complex of inexorable opposites psychic energy is created by the tension between such opposites. For example “thinking _ feeling” “good _ evil” “love _ hate”.
TELEOLOGY: According to Jung’s behavior is not only motivated by prior causes but is also oriented toward a future purpose or goal.
Archetypes: Characteristics Of Archetypes :- The world in certain way that archetypes to perceive, us. The collective contents of unconscious are called archetypes. Every person have some fear object, like snake. It will be easier to learn encounter to snake. This will not be greatly effected.
The Persona : The human psyche that the persona have existed countless generations. Reflected corresponding archetype are collective unconscious. It act to shield the ego form negative image. According to Jung persona may appear in dreams and takes a number of forms
The Anima and Animus : Some sex characteristics are opposite by male and female. Naturally man presupposes women by physically and spiritually. Man’s system is tuned to from start women. The anima and animus represent the ‘Self Truth’
Other Archetype : The wise old man; Guidance, knowledge, wisdom The Mother; Nuturing, care, comforting, The Father; Authority, Powerful. The child; Innocence, rebirth, salvation The Wife; love The Hero; Champion, defender, rescuer.
Archetypal Symbols Awarnes of archetypes always inaccessible which collectives of unconscious. Unconscious is like the volcamo extands that the core of personality. Archetypal symbols employ something that is hidden for us. Some archetype samboles derived may differ in form and content
Classification of different types of individuals. According to Carl G. Jung's theory of psychological types, these classification are the pairing of: Two attitudes: introversion and extroversion, And four functions. Sensing (S) - Intuition (N) (perceiving functions) Thinking (T) - Feeling (F) (judging functions) PERSONALITY TYPOLOGY
Attitudes: Introversion People who prefer their internal world of thoughts, feelings, fantasies, dreams, and so on Keen interest in one’s own psyche Prefer to be alone. Extraversion prefer the external world of things and people and activities. Outgoing, careless, confident
Functions: Sensation: getting information by means of senses. Jung called this one of the irrational functions, it involved perception rather than judging of information Thinking: means evaluating information or ideas rationally, logically. Jung called this a rational function, it involves decision making or judging, rather than simple intake of information Feeling: how desirable or pleasant it is, emotional response. Jung calls it rational, obviously not in the usual sense of the word Intuition: perceiving in unconscious way or perception of unconscious contents. It is irrational or perceptual Jung said it was like seeing around corners
There is an innate tendency for one attitude to become dominate over the other and the dominant attitude combines with the dominant function to form the conscious personality. while its opposite is repressed and characterizes as unconscious behavior. Usually, according to Jung, a person only makes significant use of two functions. The other two take inferior positions When the unconscious inferior functions fail to develop, imbalance results
PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT: Quick look: Like Frued, jung emphasize the unconscious determinants of the personality. However, he proposed that unconscious consist of two layers, i-e ; personal unconscious and collective unconscious. INTRAVORTED and EXTRAVERTED was first found by JUNG.
Jung draw a sharp distinction between youth and middle age rather specific stages of development He said; During childhood the ego, the personal unconscious and other parts of personality gradually develop. This process continue through puberty which is when the sexual drive begins and into youth adulthood. Middle age is highlighted by a shift from materialism sexuality and propagation to move spritual and cultural values
By radical reversal in one’s strongest convictions and emotions often leading to change of profession, divorces and religion upheals. To find out what is truly individual in ourselves, profound reflection is needed. LIBIDO explains the person’s sexual energy.
INDIVIDUAL AND THE SELF: INDIVIDUATION: definition: “ The gradual, lifelong, and unfolding of one’s inherent and unique personality is known as individuation.” Individuation is difficult and complicated journey of self- discovery and other hazards Individuation means becoming ‘in-dividual’ and insofar a “individuality”.
It embraces our innermost, last and incomparable uniqueness. We can translate individuation as “coming to self- hood” or “self realization” Porpose of individuation is the realization in all its aspects of the personality.
THE SELF: DEFINITION: “The libido comes to rest in twilight zone between consciousness and unconsciousness and form an ‘ENTITY’ which is called SELF”. Self represent the ultimate goal of the personality development and serves as the NEW PERSONALITY as well. The emergence of the self is signaled by archetype symbol that express WHOLNESS,COMPLETENESS, and PERFECTION.
These symbols often takes the form of a circle MANDALA i-e: magic circle. It appears in the dreams, drawings and paintings. Self lies between conciousness and unconciousness.
ATITUDES FUNCTIONSEXTRAVERSIONINTROVERSION THINKIND:Tries to understand and interpret the aspects of external world by logically, practically and objectively. E.g.: scientists Tries to interpret own ideas. e.g.: philosophers and theorists FEELINGS :Make judgments conform to the external standards. Enjoys popular trends. Make judgments on own standards. nonconformists SENSATION:Interested in perceiving and experiencing the external world. Unimaginative and Pleasure seeking Interested in perceiving and experiencing own inner self. E.g. artists and musicians INTUTIONS:Seek new personalities in the external world. e.g: entrepreneur Seek new personalities within own inner self. e.g: genious
Progression and regression: Libido normally proceeds in the forward direction, furthering the development of the personality. If the progression is blocked by frustration in the external world or by the internal barrier of the repression, libido turns into early memories and archetype images thatreside within the depths of the psych( regression ).
Critical analysis of psychological evaluation Mans served their whole life under structured behavior and structure behavior have independents and beyond the of mind, this is not only authors thought but also freuds have the same thoughts. He also suggest that some unusual behavior which was consider as abnormal states, is not true, it could be very constructive and positive behavior, like to speak with himself and answer the thought you might have come from your inside
He also add up with some more argument that there is no regret of any circumstance he would in. There is no word such like regret, as he believe that this thought have sent by God, and its God matter, he has no regret or no responsibility of any causality Theoretical and Conceptual confusion Regarding his theoretical literary style, Jung has significantly point out of the core issues which is really clear and insight but in his theoretical style there are number of confusion and lack of resemblance into their words.
Scientific dogmatism Jung’s heavily criticize because of its believe upon parapsychology. The literature which he produce is heavily under criticism because of its unscientific believes. There are number of content for example, process of transcendent function, law of average etc. in this literature, common beliefs and scientific believes and common senses are relatively absurd. Psychology and religion Jung approach to study religion or an existence of super natural entity or God is considerably controversial.
He basically think that human is only entity in this universe, and about supernatural thing he just think that it is just extension of human psychology or in simple word, he believe that human could make himself a superhuman so that normal being called supernatural entity. Empirical Research According to Jung, the innate tendency of human nature provide a platform where they can build-up their personality, he suggest that every human has empty or non-bias personality or psychic order, but some variable could tend their personality into different order, for example human genes, if there ancestor are afraid of highs of insect or specific thing, there is a valid chance that the person could easily learn fear of those things, but on the other hand if this person have good feelings or having good time with “potentially fearful object” he might have eliminate the fear factor, for example have a snake as a pet, or make his house on the distinct height.
Biographical sketch and basic concepts by: SANA ZAFAR Conscious and unconscious By: BENAZIR Archetype: By : SADAF MANZOOR Personality typology by:SARA AHMED Personality development by:ASMA MOOMAL Critical evaluation by: HIRA SAEED