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高三英语备课组. 《 2011 年江苏高考说明》对任务 型阅读要求: 考生根据所读,用恰当的词语 补全文章提纲、概括关键内容 或作关键词语转换。

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Presentation on theme: "高三英语备课组. 《 2011 年江苏高考说明》对任务 型阅读要求: 考生根据所读,用恰当的词语 补全文章提纲、概括关键内容 或作关键词语转换。"— Presentation transcript:

1 高三英语备课组

2 《 2011 年江苏高考说明》对任务 型阅读要求: 考生根据所读,用恰当的词语 补全文章提纲、概括关键内容 或作关键词语转换。

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4 The Magnetic Sense — The Living Compass Passage outlineSupporting details The existence of the earth magnet and the invention of the navigating compass ◇ Our earth is a big magnet and a little freely (71)________ magnetic needle lines itself with the earth magnet to point north and south. ◇ (72)_______on the idea above, the navigating compass was invented. The possibility of birds’ built-in compasses ◇ One piece of evidence is the (73)_________of many birds between their summer homes and winter homes. ◇ Birds can recognize star patterns on clear nights and keep on course (74)__________ under cloudy skies The (75)_______ on pigeons’ and bees’ built-in compasses ◇ Little magnets were tied to the pigeons’ heads to (76)__________ their magnetic sense. ◇ The pigeons’ magnetic sense seemed to be affected on (77)_______days. ◇ Similar things with the same results were done with bees. The (78)______ of the magnetic stuff for the animal compass ◇ Little rod-like bacteria were found by chance to swim together in the direction of (79)________. ◇ Some animals had a chain of dense magnetic particles in or close to the (80)__________ inside their bodies. swinging Based migration even experiments tests study research block cloudy discovery north brain(s) swings Dependin g results

5 对于 __,__,__,__,__,__ 题, 我们可以从原文中直 接找到相关信息, 所填单词也无需词形变换。 对于 __,__ 题, 我们首先要从原文中找到关键信息, 然后根据题目的要求进行信息的转换和归纳. 对于 ___,___, 题, 我们也可以从原文中直接找到 相关信息, 但是所填单词需要形式变换 even 5. experiments/tests/study/research 6. block 7. cloudy 9. north 10. brain(s) 13 swingswinging migratemigration Based 8. discovery 观察与归纳 信息查找题 信息转换题 信息归纳 题

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7 利用图表结构帮助理解短文的主 题和理清文章的结构,快速捕捉 信息。 信息查找题

8 practice When difficult people express themselves orally, they generally want at least two things: they’ve been heard and they’ve been understood. ( 10 安徽) Topic Listen to understand Reason Difficult people hope they have been heard and (77) when they express themselves understood Original word

9 Fourth, manage your time wisely. Create a schedule that allows adequate time for accomplishing a goal; for example, your schedule should give you enough time to study for and pass a test, as well as time to relax. Finally, when you accomplish a goal, do something good for yourself as a reward. Avoiding procrastination ·Finally, (79)___________ yourself for accomplishing a goal. reward practice Original word

10 信息转换题 根据问题查找信息,加工分析 并转换成另一种表达方式。

11 practice Positive attitudes *Learn lessons from failures and you will be (80) sooner or later. All successful people have failed many, many times. But they know that there are still a lot of great new people and opportunities out there. So they try again. And sooner or later they have success once again. successful Changed word(part of speech)

12 Fourth, manage your time wisely. Create a schedule that allows adequate time for accomplishing a goal; for example, your schedule should give you enough time to study for and pass a test, as well as time to relax. Avoiding procrastination ·Fourth, manage your time in a (78) way. wise practice Changed word(part of speech)

13 The problem is that parents are only educating their children on how to take multiple-choice tests and how to study well, but parents are not teaching them the most important skills they need to be confident, happy and clever. instead practice Changed word(expression) Parents are only educating their children on how to take multiple-choice tests and how to study well (75)____________ of teaching them how to be confident, happy and clever.

14 In conclusion, modern people appear to be more self-centered than those in the past due to strong outside pressure. However, we should encourage people to know the importance of being caring and generous and build a mutually beneficial relationship with others. ◆ Fierce competition and great pressure on modern people may ( 78 ) ______ to the changes. lead Changed word(expression) practice contribute

15 根据问题定位信息,找共性的 东西。归纳词的特征要有概括 性、针对性和准确性。 信息归纳题

16 practice Brief ( 71 ) —————— People living in a particular area usually have the same skin color and there are many different skin colors in the world. Have you ever wondered why there are so many skin colors in the world? Do you know why people living in particular areas usually have a certain color? Biology and history are the two reasons for this. introduction Conclusive word

17 _______ The programme is intended to prevent accidental injuries and deaths. Because six out of every 10 accidental deaths happen to Chinese children who are playing, Shanghai Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical (SJJP), a US-based pharmaceutical giant, is working on a Safe Kids Program to prevent injuries and deaths. Purpose practice Intention Aim Goal

18 介绍 主题 原因 结果 目的 情感 方法 introduction theme subject topic reason cause result consequence aim purpose goal intention feeling emotion measure way method approach solution 常见概括性词( I )

19 常见概括性词( II ) 观点 异同 优劣 种类 建议 特点 结论 opinion view attitude difference similarity advantage disadvantage weakness strength type sort kind suggestion tip advice feature characteristic conclusion

20 解题步骤 1.Read the information in the diagram. 2. Get the main idea and the structure of the passage. 3. Underline the related key information in the passage. 4. Choose suitable words to fill in the blanks.

21 (江苏省启东中学 2011 届第二次质量检测)

22 TitleLiving without regret Theme Regret is a normal part of life. What you should do is to take action to make your life a (71)__________ without regret. (72)__________ for getting rid of regret ▲ Regret about the past can greatly (73)__________ your possible happy future. ▲ Regret wastes time, emotion and energy. (74)_______ (75)__________ twice before you act. Take everything into (76)__________ consideration before making decisions or saying something. List the things you want to do. ▲ Focus your eyes on the things which will bring you happiness. ▲ Put your (77)__________ into practice. Take care of yourself. Make sure that you are in good (78)__________ both physically and mentally. Keep close relationships. Keep close to those who are (79)_________ to you. Don’t care about small things. Don’t regret things that cannot be (80)__________ and treasure the present-day life. Step1: Read the information in the diagram.

23 Step2: Get the main idea and the structure of the passage. topic sentence: To make sure that your life is a successful one, you need to take action to live in a way that you have no regret holding you back. the structure: Para1 Para2Para3Para4Para5Para6

24 Step3: Underline the related key information in the passage. Step4: Choose suitable words to fill in the blanks.

25 71. success72. Reasons 73. affect 74. Suggestions / Tips / Advice 75. Think 76. careful 77. goals 78. Health 79. important 80. changed Answers: Original words: Think ; goals Health ; important Changed words: success; affect; careful ; changed Conclusive words: Reasons; Suggestions / Tips / Advice

26 Some people make very big decisions with very little consideration at all, and as a result they often regret their decisions. Before choosing a college major, getting married or accepting a job, you must carefully consider all conditions and make a conscious decision rather than a careless one. Big decisions aren’t the only ones that require forethought, though. Before you become angry and say something you will regret later, think about what you’re going to say. Original words: 75 、 77 、 78 、 79 (75)__________ twice before you act. Take everything into (76)__________ consideration before making decisions or saying something. Think

27 Original words: 75 、 77 、 78 、 79 List the things you want to do. ▲ Focus your eyes on the things which will bring you happiness. ▲ Put your (77)__________ into practice. Some of things will be easy to do and some will be hard, but keep your eyes on the prize of living a successful life without regret, and you’ll find that achieving your goals might be easier than you think. But don’t just daydream about those goals — make an actual list, written down in black and white, and refer to it now and then to see what you have left to do. goals

28 Original words: 75 、 77 、 78 、 79 Take care of yourself. Make sure that you are in good (78)__________ both physically and mentally. When you’re feeling happy and full of energy, taking care of yourself isn’t a problem. But in those days when you feel like crawling beneath the bed and never coming out again, you still must take care of yourself. You can do what you want and don’t get angry with yourself about your shortcomings. On the contrary, you just admit them and try to change them and move on. Improving your mental health is just as important as taking care of yourself physically. health

29 Original words: 75 、 77 、 78 、 79 Keep close relationships. Keep close to those who are (79)__________ to you. Keep those who are important to you very close and be sure to let them know how important they are to you. Family, friends, co-workers and people who are as close as your families are your lifelines that you can depend on whenever you need them to help you remember what’s important in life. You should make sure of repairing your relationships with your friends if something bad happens. important

30 Changed words: 71 、 73 、 76 、 80 Theme Regret is a normal part of life. What you should do is to take action to make your life a (71)__________ without regret. Most people have some regret that they just can’t seem to get rid of. But holding on to regret about the past that can’t be changed can have a bad impact on the possibility of a happy future. Regret is a waste of time, emotion and energy. To make sure that your life is a successful one, you need to take action to live in a way that you have no regret holding you back. success

31 Changed words: 71 、 73 、 76 、 80 (72)_________ for getting rid of regret ▲ Regret about the past can greatly (73)__________ your possible happy future. ▲ Regret wastes time, emotion and energy. Most people have some regret that they just can’t seem to get rid of. But holding on to regret about the past that can’t be changed can have a bad impact on the possibility of a happy future. Regret is a waste of time, emotion and energy. To make sure that your life is a successful one, you need to take action to live in a way that you have no regret holding you back. affect

32 Changed words: 71 、 73 、 76 、 80 (75)_________ twice before you act. Take everything into (76)__________ consideration before making decisions or saying something. Some people make very big decisions with very little consideration at all, and as a result they often regret their decisions. Before choosing a college major, getting married or accepting a job, you must carefully consider all conditions and make a conscious decision rather than a careless one. Big decisions aren’t the only ones that require forethought, though. Before you become angry and say something you will regret later, think about what you’re going to say. careful

33 Changed words: 71 、 73 、 76 、 80 Don’t care about small things. Don’t regret things that cannot be (80)__________ and treasure the present-day life. Last but not least, learn to give yourself some relaxation and not to waste your time regretting things you cannot change. Treat those things properly and move on. Life is hard, but it is precious. Don’t waste time regretting the past, or your future will get here before you know it. changed

34 Conclusive words: 72 、 74 (72)__________ for getting rid of regret ▲ Regret about the past can greatly (73) affect your possible happy future. ▲ Regret wastes time, emotion and energy. Reasons

35 Conclusive words: 72 、 74 (74) ______ (75) Think twice before you act. List the things you want to do. Take care of yourself. Keep close relationships. Don’t care about small things. Suggestions Advice Tips

36 What have we learned?

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