Presentation on theme: "Understanding the Impact of CSEC"— Presentation transcript:
1Understanding the Impact of CSEC Module 3:Understanding the Impact of CSEC“It’s an emotional thing when you’re in the life, it’s an emotional thing when you get out. I’m struggling with PTSD, every night I have flashbacks, it’s hard to sleep”- CSEC Survivor
2Understanding the Impact of CSEC Objectives…To understand the psychological and physical impact of trauma and exploitation on CSEC victims and therefore, the challenges in exiting.To become aware of the specific subcultures of commercial sexual exploitation including rules, norms, and street terminology.Develop knowledge of the trauma bonds between victims and perpetrators.Apply an understanding of Stockholm Syndrome to behaviors common to CSEC victims.
4Brainstorming Questions: Who is effected by CSEC Brainstorming Questions: Who is effected by CSEC? What are some of the ways that CSEC impacts our society?
5CSEC… Impacts the local economy Decreases safety in neighborhoods Links to other types of crime: guns, drugs, organized crimeGlorifies the commercial sex industry and promotes negative images for childrenCreates demand, a need for supply, and increased recruitment of childrenDirectly exposes children to CSEC locationsCreates danger for childrenCosts resources of social service and healthcare systemsCosts resources of law enforcement and court systemsContributes to long-term impacts of prostituted adults and costs to systems
6Studies of adult women in the sex industry report that… 62% of respondents had been raped in prostitution73% had experienced physical assault in prostitution72% were currently or formerly homeless92% stated that they wanted to escape prostitution immediately78% of 55 women who sought help from the Council forProstitution Alternatives in 1991 reported being raped an average of 16 times a year by pimps, and were raped 33 times a year by johns.Melissa Farley, Isin Baral, Merab Kiremire, Ufuk Sezgin, "Prostitution in Five Countries: Violence and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder" (1998)Feminism & Psychology 8 (4):Susan Kay Hunter, Council for Prostitution Alternatives Annual Report, 1991, Portland, Oregon
8Activity: The Violence of CSEC Debriefing Question:What impact does this level of violence and abuse have on children?
9Psychological/Emotional Impact of CSEC Disruption of healthy psychological developmentSelf-concept, intimacy, beliefs and goalsPost Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)Impulse to revisit traumatic events,intrusive emotions & memories, flashbacks, hyper arousal,exaggerated startle reaction, panic symptomsSelf-injurious and suicidal behaviorDissociative disordersAnxietyParanoiaClinical depressionExplosive outburstsSleep disturbance & nightmaresBond with perpetratorsHyper-sexualizationSpiritual Impact of CSECDespairHopelessnessLack of belief in humanityLack of faith in spiritual powerPhysical Impact of CSECContinuous physical abuseRape & gang rapeSTDs & STIsHIV & AIDSLoss of bowel controlPregnancy (wanted and unwanted)SterilityFacial/dental reconstructionTattoos & brandingBrain damageSubstance abuse/addictionSelf-cuttingSuicide/DeathSocial Impact of CSECIsolation from peer groupDisconnection from communityIsolation from mainstream societyHomelessnessIncarceration/Criminal record as obstacleDisempowermentLack of life skillsTrust issues/Difficulty maintaining relationshipsObstacles to vocationLack of access to legal economies, lack of job experience/skillsEducational deprivationMissed school, disconnection with school systemEmotional Impact of CSECAnger and rageDeep emotional pain/grievingFeelings of humiliation/shameStigma of exploitationSelf-blame/Self-loathingLoss of sexual desire, feelings, or response
10Reflection Question: If the violence and abuse are this severe, why don’t children just leave or call out for help?
11Coercion and ControlWorking Group Question: If you were going to brainwash someone, make a person compliant, loyal, and too afraid to run away, what would you do?
12Film: No Bigger Lie Out There Produced by Adults Saving Kids
13Film: No Bigger Lie Out There Debriefing Question:What are your reactions to the practices of the exploiters you hear described in the film?
14Demonstrating “omnipotence” Enforcing trivial demandsIsolationDegradationMonopolization of perceptionPimp TacticsOf Coercion and ControlDemonstrating “omnipotence”Induced debility & exhaustionOccasional indulgencesThreats
16Activity: Rules of the Game Imagine the situation printed on your paper interrupting your life as you know it:How would you feel?What impact would this have on your life?How would you react or cope?Can you relate?
17Activity: Rules of the Game Now try to imagine trying to cope with all of this at once…Constantly having to lie about your ageAll of your identification is taken awayHaving to change your nameConstantly moving wherever someone else wants toBeing kidnappedBeing raped, repeatedlyBeing beaten for not making enough moneyHaving to give all the money you make awayHaving threats made against your familyHaving to completely change your appearanceGetting a tattoo on your neck of the name of the person who constantly abuses youBeing constantly threatened with violenceLiving with a group of people you call “family” who you could never depend on for supportFeeling trapped in an abusive and violent situation
18Activity: Rules of the Game (continued) Not being allowed any contact with the world outside of your abusive situationNot being able to make eye contact with men other than the one who abuses youHaving to call a man who is not your father, who abuses you, “daddy”Being punished and beaten when someone else breaks an abuser’s “rules”Having to meet a nightly quota based on how much money you make for having sexHaving to compete for attention from your from your abuser with five other girlsHaving sex with strangers every nightGetting an STDGetting arrested again and againHaving to trade sex with a police officer in exchange for not getting arrestedBeing beat up by a group of 5 pimps for looking one in the eye…at only 13 years old.
20Stockholm Syndrome & Trauma Bonds What is your immediate response to this story?
21Stockholm Syndrome & Trauma Bonds What needs to be present for Stockholm Syndrome to occur?The presence of a perceived threat to one's physical or psychological survival and the belief that the abuser would carry out the threatThe presence of a perceived small kindness from the abuser to the victimIsolation from perspectives other than those of the abuserThe perceived inability to escape the situation
22Stockholm Syndrome & Trauma Bonds How is Stockholm Syndrome displayed?Positive feelings by the victim toward the abuser/controllerNegative feelings by the victim toward family, friends, or authorities trying to rescue/support them or win their releaseSupport of the abuser's reasons and behaviorsPositive feelings by the abuser toward the victimSupportive behaviors by the victim, at times helping the abuserInability to engage in behaviors that may assist in their release or detachment
23Stockholm Syndrome & Trauma Bonds Who can suffer from Stockholm Syndrome?Abused ChildrenBattered/Abused WomenPrisoners of WarCult MembersIncest VictimsCriminal Hostage SituationsConcentration Camp PrisonersControlling/Intimidating RelationshipsCSEC/Trafficking Victims
24What does Stockholm Syndrome look like with CSEC victims?
25Stockholm Syndrome & Trauma Bonds CSEC victims often form “trauma bonds” with perpetrators. This can be the biggest obstacle in their recovery.How are trauma bonds formed?Violence and threats of violence.Alternating violence and kindness increases bonding.Believe if they even think a disloyal thought, exploiter will know and retaliate.Isolation increases bonding.Shame and stigma associated with prostitution, rape, losing virginity increases bonding.
26Stockholm Syndrome & Trauma Bonds What are the major indicators of trauma bonding?Shows ongoing symptoms of trauma or PTSDIntensely grateful for small kindnessDenies violence when violence and threats of violence are actually occurringRationalizes violenceDenies anger at exploiter to others and to selfBelieve they have some control over abuseBelieve if they control situation it lessens pimps/customers/traffickers control and abuseSelf-blame for situation and abuse
27Major indicators of trauma bonding (continued) Hyper vigilant to exploiter’s needsSeeks to keep exploiter happy to decrease violenceTries to get inside pimps/traffickers/ customers headsSees world from exploiter’s perspectiveMay or may not have own perspectiveExperiences sense of self through pimps/traffickers/customers eyesSees outside authorities/people trying to win release (escape) as bad guysSees pimp as good guy, protectorSees exploiter as victimIs thankful and grateful pimp/trafficker/customer have not killed them
28Reflection Questions: Why don’t we normally recognize Stockholm Syndrome in CSEC victims?Have you heard of any other cases of Stockholm Syndrome?
29Elizabeth Smart & Shawn Hornbeck Victims were kidnapped and abusedVictims had an opportunity to escape but didn’tVictims developed strong bond with their abuserExperts agreed they suffered from Stockholm SyndromeMedia and public were sympathetic
30Discussion Question:Why do you think the media and public were sympathetic to Elizabeth Smart and Shawn Hornbeck, but are often not sympathetic to CSEC victims?
31Debriefing Questions: Before entering this training, what was your understanding of why children stay in the sex industry?Has your understanding changed? If so, how?