Presentation on theme: "PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder The Silent Killer"— Presentation transcript:
1PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder The Silent Killer Presented by Jack StoneCCCF Correctional Corporal
2Prevalence of PTSDThe most recent National Studies asserted that the prevalence of PTSD in the general population was 3.5 %.Which is nearly 10 times less prevalent than in Prison Correctional Officers.14.3% of New York firefighters were found to suffer from PTSD.A prevalence rate nearly ½ that of Prison Correctional Officers.A National Institutes of Health study from 2009 put the prevalence rate of PTSD in Iraq war veterans 20% below that of Prison Correctional Officers.
3Why is PTSD Hidden? In most cases the reason is Shame or Fear. PTSD for many years was viewed as a weakness. So many staff choose to hide what they feel, and this adds to confusion, depression and isolation.
4The Cause of PTSD... A Traumatic Event After a Traumatic Event:You may feel afraid or feel that you have no control over what is happening around you.Most people have some stress-related reactions after a traumatic Event.
5The Development of PTSD Most people who go through trauma have some symptoms at the beginning.Only some will develop PTSD over time.It isn't clear why some people develop PTSD and others don't.
6PTSD Deciding Factors How intense the trauma was or how long it lasted If you were injured or lost someone important to youHow close you were to the eventHow strong your reaction wasHow much you felt in control of eventsHow much help and support you got after the event.
7PTSD Symptoms Intrusive memories Recurrent, unwanted distressing memories of the traumatic eventReliving the traumatic event as if it were happening again (flashbacks)Upsetting dreams about the traumatic eventSevere emotional distress or physical reactions to something that reminds you of the eventAvoidanceTrying to avoid thinking or talking about the traumatic eventAvoiding places, activities or people that remind you of the traumatic event
8PTSD Symptoms Negative changes in thinking and mood Negative feelings about yourself or other peopleInability to experience positive emotionsFeeling emotionally numbLack of interest in activities you once enjoyedHopelessness about the futureMemory problems, including not remembering important aspects of the traumatic eventDifficulty maintaining close relationshipsChanges in emotional reactionsIrritability, angry outbursts or aggressive behaviorAlways being on guard for dangerOverwhelming guilt or shameSelf-destructive behavior, such as drinking too much or driving too fastTrouble concentratingTrouble sleepingBeing easily startled or frightenedFeeling keyed up (also called hyper arousal)
9Other Problems Associated with PTSD: Feelings of hopelessness, shame, or despairDepression or anxietyDrinking or drug problemsPhysical symptoms or chronic painEmployment problemsRelationship problems, including divorce.Eating disordersSuicidal thoughts and actions
10What Treatments are available? When you have PTSD, dealing with the past can be hard. Instead of telling others how you feel, you may keep your feelings bottled up. But treatment can help you get better.There are 2 main types of treatment:Psychotherapy (sometimes called counseling)MedicationSometimes people combine psychotherapy and medication.
11Psychotherapy Types Cognitive therapy Exposure therapy Helps an individual recognize the ways of thinking: cognitive patterns that are keeping them stuckFor example, negative or inaccurate ways of perceiving normal situations.For PTSD, cognitive therapy often is used along with exposure therapy.Exposure therapyBehavioral therapy that helps an individual safely face what you find frightening so that you can learn to cope with it effectively.One approach to exposure therapy uses "virtual reality" programs that allow you to re-enter the setting in which you experienced trauma.Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR)This is a combination of exposure therapy with a series of guided eye movements that help you process traumatic memories and change how you react to traumatic memories.
12Medications Help but not a Cure AntidepressantsMedications to help alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety. They can also help improve sleep problems and concentration.Zoloft and Paxil are approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for PTSD treatment.Anti-anxiety medicationsEven though these medications can improve feelings of anxiety and stress for a short time to relieve severe anxiety and related problems, they have the potential for abuse and are not usually taken long term.PrazosinThis medication, although not specifically FDA-approved for PTSD treatment aids in the alleviation of insomnia or recurrent nightmares.It is known to reduce or suppress nightmares in many people with PTSD.