Exposure Control Plan What School Personnel Need to Know BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS
l A pathogen is a microorganism or substance capable of producing a disease. Being bloodborne means that the pathogens are present in human blood and are transmitted by contact with the contaminated blood.
EXAMPLES OF BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS l HIV l HEPATITIS B (HBV) l HEPATITIS C l HEPATITIS D l MALARIA l SOME SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES
SPREAD OF BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS IN THE WORKPLACE HIV, HBV, AND OTHER BLOODBORNE PATHOGENS CAN SPREAD FROM THE INFECTED PERSON: l into skin from a contaminated object such as broken glass or a needle l by contact with broken skin (scratches, cuts, chapped hands, hangnails) l spray/splash into mouth, nose, or eyes (mucous membranes)
STOP THE SPREAD l Stop the spread of disease by: washing your hands avoiding blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) using protective barriers such as gloves
UNIVERSAL PRECAUTIONS A method of INFECTION CONTROL in which all blood and other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) are treated as if known to be infected with HIV or HBV or other bloodborne pathogen.
PROTECTION l DO NOT touch blood or OPIM l Use gloves or paper barriers l Have anyone bleeding hold their own pressure dressing l DO NOT clean a contaminated area without gloves l Call for help from someone trained to clean and disinfect a contaminated area when possible
HANDWASHING l Use warm running water and soap l Rub palms, back of hands, between fingers and under rings and fingernails l rinse well under warm running water and dry hands thoroughly l use hand lotion to prevent drying and cracked hands
USING GLOVES l WHEN: Care provider has an open lesion on hand Handling contaminated, disposable items - diaper, bloody gauze, etc. Direct hand contact with possible bloody body fluids is anticipated Cleaning up body fluid spills
PROPER REMOVAL OF GLOVES l Grasp glove at heel of hand without touching skin l pull glove toward fingers l remove glove from hand l While holding soiled glove, insert index and middle fingers of free hand under other glove at cuff
PROPER GLOVE REMOVAL l Pull glove toward fingers l As glove is removed it is turned inside out, over the glove that has already been removed l Discard contaminated gloves in appropriate waste container and wash hands