OFFENSIVE PLAYER POSITIONS REGARDLESS OF NUMBERING LINEMAN & BACKS NOTE: VIOLATIONS OF THE FOLLOWING RULES OCCUR AT THE SNAP
What Is A Lineman? Rule An offensive player is on his line of scrimmage when he complies with position requirements of a lineman Rule A lineman is any A player who is facing his opponent’s goal line with the line of his shoulders approximately parallel thereto and with his head or foot breaking an imaginary plane drawn parallel to the line of scrimmage through the waist of the snapper when the ball is snapped. YES NO Plane through the waist line of the Snapper
The Snapper Is A Lineman Rule A snapper is the player who is facing his opponents goal line with his shoulders approximately parallel thereto and who snaps the ball… Violation Not Facing Opponents Goal The snapper is required to face his opponents goal line. No ‘side-swipe’ snaps of the ball.
What Is A “Back”? Rule A back is any A player who has no part of his body breaking the plane of an imaginary line drawn parallel to the line of scrimmage through the waist of the nearest teammate who is legally on the line, except for the player under the snapper, who is also considered a back NO YES Not breakin g this plane Plane through the waist line of the Snapper Plane through the waist line of the nearest teammate NOT on the line
THERE ARE ONLY TWO TYPES OF OFFENSIVE TEAM PLAYER; LINEMAN OR BACK BOTH TYPES ARE REQUIRED TO CONFORM TO Rule Of the players who are not on their line at the snap only one may penetrate the vertical plane through the waistline of his nearest teammate who is on his line. He must have his hands in position to receive the ball if it is snapped between the snapper’s legs but he is not required to receive the snap. Any other player(s) must be in a legal position as a back.
Allowed by & Player under the snapper is a back A minimum of 7 players need to break the plane of the Snapper. Rule 7.2.5a At the snap, at least seven A players shall be on their line of scrimmage Rule An offensive player is on his line of scrimmage when he complies with position requirements of a lineman. (Refers to Rule )
Allowed by & Player under the snapper is a back There may be more than 7 players on the line` Rule 7.5.6a All A players eligible by position and number include those who, at the time of the, are on the ends of their scrimmage line or legally behind the line… There are only 3 eligible receivers in this formation
Legal Line Formation Enough Lineman are breaking the plane of the Snapper And the other A players are positioned as backs.. Not Legal Line Formation Even though he is on the line his direction is a violation Allowed by & Violation Not Facing Opponents Goal
Legal Formation? Allowed by & Enough Lineman are breaking the plane of the Snapper. The other players are positioned legally as backs. YES!
Legal Formation? Allowed by & No Violation This Plane Is Used Enough Lineman are breaking the plane of the Snapper. Even though the back is breaking the plane of the waistline of the opposite side lineman…. The plane of the waistline of the nearest lineman is used to determine position.
Legal Formation? Allowed by & & Violation Enough Lineman are breaking the plane of the Snapper. The Back is breaking the plane of the waistline of the nearest player on the line.
Legal Formation? Scrimmage Kick With Holder Enough players are breaking the plane of the waistline of the snapper. The backs are clearly in the backfield and are not restricted in which direction they face.
Legal Formation? Note: Only 4 Eligible Receivers Define “Roughly Parallel ” Define “Roughly Parallel ” Scrimmage Kick With Holder Enough players are breaking the plane of the waistline of the snapper. The officials will need to judge whether the oblique angle of the outside lineman is enough to violate the rules. If it is a fake kick or broken play with a pass, watch these two. They are liable to be downfield illegally.
“Encroachment” Snapper Has Different Rules From Other Lineman Rule Following the ready-for-play signal and after the snapper has placed his hand(s) on the ball, encroachment occurs if any other player breaks the plane of the neutral zone. Rule The snapper may be over the ball but his feet must be behind the neutral zone and no part of his person, other than the hand(s) on the ball, may be beyond the foremost point of the ball. Rule No player, other than the snapper, shall encroach on the neutral zone after the ball is marked ready for play… If the snapper stands over the ball then reaches down to snap it he will probably break the forward plane of the ball with his helmet. This is encroachment.
The Rules Do Not Have A Definition Of Distance From The Scrimmage Line For A “Back” To Be Legally Positioned The Only Measurements Defined Are: 7 And 10 Yards Concerning Scrimmage Kick Formations 5 Yards Concerning A Player In Motion Who Was Not Positioned As A “Back” 1 Yard Concerning A Lineman To Legally Accept A Forward Handing Of The Ball 1 Yard Defining A Defensive Lineman
Average Height Of A High School Player Is 5’ 10” Length Of Player From Top Of Helmet To Waist Is About 1 Yard Since The Snapper’ Waistline Position Starts The Definition Of Position Of A “Back” A Player Will Be At Least 1 Yard Behind The Line Of Scrimmage To Be Legally In The Backfield
All The Lineman Are Standing Upright… It may be possible for a back to be less than one yard from the scrimmage line and still be legally in the backfield if all the Lineman are standing up, (except the snapper).
And the Snapper is a 3 rd Grader Who is 4’ Tall