# Formations, Numbering, and their Consequences

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Formations, Numbering, and their Consequences
Who’s Eligible? Formations, Numbering, and their Consequences Mike Pasenelli Rules Interpreter Capital Area Chapter PIAA Football Officials 21 September 2008

Our Mission To review the rules concerning 3 point stances and their consequences To review the rules concerning formations, numbering and eligibility to catch a forward pass To demonstrate our knowledge of the rules by answering the quiz questions correctly

Part 1—The 3 Point Stance What is it?
Where is it mentioned in the rules?

Definition of a 3 Point Stance
It is not in the rule book Common understanding is that it refers to a player who has one hand on the ground Differentiating from a 2 point stance (standing upright) or a 4 point stance (2 hands on the ground) It is used mainly by players on their lines of scrimmage, but according to the rules There are no restrictions on how B players line up, as long as they are not in the neutral zone

7-2-2 A’s players may stand, crouch or kneel
So, a 3 point stance is not required of any A player

Definitions 2-25-1: Line of scrimmage: a vertical plane through the point of the ball nearest the team’s goal line : Snapper is the player who snaps 2-32-9: Lineman is any A player who, at the snap is: Facing his opponent’s goal line with the line of his shoulders approximately parallel thereto and His head or foot breaking an imaginary plane drawn parallel to the line of scrimmage through the waist of the snapper

Conclusions An A lineman can be in a 2, 3 or 4 point stance
So, where is a 3 point stance mentioned in the rule book? 7-1-7 If any A player On his line between the snapper and the end After having placed a hand or hands on or near the ground [goes into a 3 or 4 point stance] Moves his hand or hands or makes any quick movement It is a false start This has nothing to do with his eligibility

Part 2—Formations, Numbering and Their Consequences

Background 2-32-3: Back is any A player who has no part of his body breaking the plane of an imaginary line drawn parallel to the line of scrimmage through the waist of the nearest teammate who is legally on the line. 2-32-3: Player under the snapper is also considered a back 7-5-6: Eligible pass receivers are: Players on the ends of their scrimmage lines and Players who are backs; Who are wearing eligible numbers

Background 7-5-6: Eligible numbers are 1-49 and 80-99
2-14-2: Scrimmage kick formation is a formation with at least 1 player 7 yards or more behind the line of scrimmage & in position to receive the long snap. No player can be in position to receive a hand-to-hand snap from between the snapper’s legs. 7-2-5: At the snap 7 players must be on the line of scrimmage. 5 of those 7 players must be wearing

7-2-5—Numbering Exception
When A sets or shifts into a scrimmage kick formation any A player numbered 1-49 or may take the position of any A player numbered A player in the game under this exception must assume an initial position on his line of scrimmage between the ends and he remains an ineligible forward-pass receiver during that down unless the pass is touched by B.

Formations for A Legal formation (these must be met at the snap):
At least 7 players on the line At least 5 players on the line of scrimmage must be wearing (except during scrimmage kick formations) A can not have more than 11 players, per 9-6-4c

Pass Eligibility for A Only applies to a legal forward pass
Eligible receivers A players, who at the snap, are ends and backs who are wearing 1-49 or 80-99 After B touches a legal forward pass, all A players become eligible Ineligible A receivers At the snap, any A player who: Is not wearing an eligible number, regardless of position Is in a position other than a back or end, regardless of number Any player who assumed an initial position as a numbering exception

Implications All A players must be a lineman or a back, wearing legal numbers, with 7 on the line (7-2-3, illegal procedure-5 yards) Ineligible A players can not catch, bat or muff a legal forward pass ( illegal touching-5 yards and loss of down) Ineligible A players can not advance beyond the neutral zone on forward pass that crosses the neutral zone until it is in flight ( ineligible downfield-5 yards)

Formations In each situation, the formation is pictured as it occurs at the snap unless otherwise noted The square denotes the snapper In each case, answer the following Is the formation legal? Who is eligible? Who is locked in if they are in a 3 point stance?

76 71 81 82 83 84 72 69 70 68 67 Formation #1

Illegal formation: does not have 5 players on the line numbered 50-79
There are no eligible receivers: all backs and ends have ineligible numbers All interior linemen are locked in if they are in a 3 point stance 76 71 81 82 83 84 72 69 70 68 67 Formation #1

76 84 79 78 64 72 88 13 34 33 Formation #2

Formation #2 Legal formation, even though A has only 10 players
A has 7 players on the line, 5 players on the line numbered 50-79 There are 5 eligible receivers: 84 and 88, 13, 34 and 33 All interior linemen are locked in if they are in a 3 point stance 76 84 79 78 64 72 88 13 34 33 Formation #2

76 84 88 79 78 64 72 35 13 34 33 Formation #3

Legal formation, even though 88 has probably lined up on the wrong side of the formation
A has 7 players on the line, 5 players on the line numbered 50-79 There are 5 eligible receivers: 84, 13, 34, 33 and 35 All interior linemen are locked in if they are in a 3 point stance, which means #72 is not locked in but #88 is 76 84 88 79 78 64 72 35 13 34 33 Formation #3

76 84 72 79 78 64 88 35 13 34 33 Formation #4

Unbalanced line, legal formation
A has 7 players on the line, 5 players on the line numbered 50-79 There are 6 eligible receivers: 84, 88, 13, 34, 33 and 35 All interior linemen are locked in if they are in a 3 point stance, which means #72 in but #88 is not 76 84 72 79 78 64 88 35 13 34 33 Formation #4

84 72 79 78 64 66 90 35 13 34 33 Formation #5

Formation #5 84 72 79 78 64 66 90 35 13 34 33 Swinging gate
Legal formation A has 7 players on the line, 5 players on the line numbered 50-79 There are 6 eligible receivers: 90, 84, 13, 34, 33 and 35 All interior linemen are locked in if they are in a 3 point stance, but if they are in a 2 point stance, all lineman are eligible to shift, with the exception of #90 [assuming he has placed his hands on the ball 84 72 79 78 64 66 90 35 13 34 33 Formation #5

Initial Formation Formation #6
76 84 79 78 64 33 78 35 13 34 33 Formation #6

A then shifts #78 onto the left side and
then snaps the ball from this formation 76 84 78 79 78 64 33 35 13 34 33 Formation #6

There are 6 eligible A receivers: 84 and 33, and the 4 backs
#78 could shift, even though he was in a 3 point stance, as long as his shift does not simulation action at the snap There are 6 eligible A receivers: 84 and 33, and the 4 backs 76 84 78 79 78 64 33 35 13 34 33 Formation #6

Assume #13 is at least 7 yards behind the LOS
76 84 91 90 89 86 88 34 33 13 Formation #7

Assume #13 is at least 7 yards behind the LOS
Assuming they initially lined up this way, 91, 90, 89 and 86 have entered under the numbering exception—they are ineligible throughout the down until B touches the ball. They are also locked in if they go into a 3 point stance 76 84 91 90 89 86 88 34 33 13 Formation #7

Our Mission To review the rules concerning 3 point stances and their consequences To review the rules concerning formations, numbering and eligibility to catch a forward pass To demonstrate our knowledge of the rules by answering the quiz questions correctly