Presentation on theme: "The Decades Of Life Decade 3 words to describe decade"— Presentation transcript:
1The Decades Of Life Decade 3 words to describe decade 0-9 10-19 20-29 30-3940-4950-5960-6970-7980-89Which decade(s) were the hardest/easiest to do?Is there a tendency to think that no more important changes occur after adulthood?
2Questions to PonderWhat is the ideal age? What is the worst age to be? When does old age begin?
3True OR False??Directions: Please number your paper 1-9. Write true or false next to each number.1. If a mother drinks heavily during pregnancy, her baby may be mentally retarded.2. Newborns see only a blur of meaningless light and dark shades.3. Before age 2, infants cannot think.4. Infants initially develop close attachments to their mothers, merely because the mother provides nourishment.5. Most abusive parents were themselves battered or neglected as children.6. The first two years of life provide a good basis for predicting a person’s eventual personality traits.7. A heartbeat can be detected as early as 8 weeks into pregnancy.8. Memories before the age of 5 are formulated differently, making them almost impossible to remember as adults.9. A young child often believes that the sun rises in the morning to wake him/her up.TrueFalseFalseFalseFalseTrueTrueTrueTrue
5Prenatal Development conception baby 1 single cell 100 trillion cells EGG + SPERM =ZYGOTEDivides into about 100 cells within a week and then cells begin to differentiate
6Terms used to describe the developing human: Zygote = fertilized eggEmbryo = 2-8 weeks (difficult to distinguish human from other mammals at this time)Fetus = 9 weeks to birthNeonate = newbornInfant = from the first few days until walking
8TeratogensHarmful things such as chemicals or diseases that can reach the developing embryo or fetus and cause damage resulting in birth defects or mental retardation.
9Effect of Nicotine on a fetus- increased risk of abnormal fetal heartbeat, premature birth, related complications and miscarriage.Effects of Alcohol on a fetus- Mothers who drink heavily during pregnancy may have children born with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS)Physical and cognitive abnormalitiesBrain damageFacial misproportions:Small upturned nose, small jaw, small eyes
10"Teratogens and Their Effect on the Developing Brain" Video"Teratogens and Their Effect on the Developing Brain"
11InfancyPhysical growth rate is faster than any other postnatal period.Maturation = physical growth and development of the body and especially the nervous system.Rate varies, but order is virtually universal!
12IMPORTANT: Maturation often creates a condition of readiness for learning. WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? (and why does it matter?)
13The Newborn Reflexes- an automatic, unlearned response Easy Difficult SuckingSwallowingGraspingTemperament- emotional excitabilityEasyDifficultSlow to warm-up
14Newborn ReflexesReflexes that are seen in the newborn indicate that the nervous system is up and running.Rooting reflex = looking for foodGrasping reflex = hanging onSucking reflex = receiving nourishmentMoro reflex = startle reflexReflex videoBaby Swimming
15Motor Development 12 months- walks well 6 months- stands holding on 2 months-Lifts head 90 degrees when lying on stomach.12 months walks well6 months- stands holding on3 months-Rolls over5 months- Sits without support
16Tomorrow we will look at cognitive development in children Tomorrow we will look at cognitive development in children. What does “cognitive” mean?
17Cognitive refers to thinking, memory, decision-making, and language development Funny BabiesTalking Twins
18Give your best estimate of the age at which approximately 50 percent of children begin to: LaughPedal a tricycleSit without supportFeel ashamedWalk unassistedStand on one foot for 10 secondsRecognize and smile at mother or fatherKick a ball forwardThink about things that cannot be seenMake a two word sentence.
19Psychology Blog/Journal What is your earliest memory of learning how to do something? Example, riding a bike, catching a ball. Describe the memory and include the methods used to teach you the task.