Presentation on theme: "Objective: To discuss how immigrants adjusted to life in America. Copyrighted by Jeff Rainer 2010."— Presentation transcript:
Objective: To discuss how immigrants adjusted to life in America. Copyrighted by Jeff Rainer 2010
Push/Pull Factors Push Factors: · lack of land in Europe · poverty (Example: Chinese) · fleeing persecution (Examples: Russian Jews, Armenians) · famine (Example: Mexicans) · political Revolution (Example: Mexicans) Pull Factors: · the promise of freedom and a better life · people joined family and friends · available jobs in mines and factories · cheap land and passage to America
Coming to America…. From 1870 to 1920, 20 million Europeans arrived in the United States Immigrants came from Northern and Western Europe Ireland Germany England
Southern and Eastern Europe most Immigrants came from: Italy Austria-Hungary Russia
Ellis Island Immigrants traveled by steamship over the Atlantic Ocean. The trip took about a week. Ellis Island located in New York City was the East Coast center for new immigrants. About 20% of the immigrants were detained for a day and only 2% were deny entrance.
Nativism Nativism is favoritism toward native-born Americans Most native born people objected to immigrants religious beliefs and felt that new religions would undermine America’s democratic institutions Immigrants would also accept lower wages to work jobs
Rise of the KKK was due to the ever changing of a traditional America. 1925: Membership of 5 million 1926: Marched on Washington. Attack on urban culture and defends Christian/Protestant and rural values Against immigrants from Southern Europe, European Jews, Catholics and American Blacks Sought to win U.S. by persuasion and gaining control in local/state government. Violence, internal corruption result in Klan’s virtual disappearance by 1930 but will reappear in the 1950s and 1960s.
Red Scare, 1919 to 1921, was a time of great upheaval…U.S. “scared out of their wits". "Reds” (Communists)."Reds” as they were called, "Anarchists” or "Outside Foreign-Born Radical Agitators” (Communists). Anti-red hysteria came about after WWI and the Russian Revolution. 6,000 immigrants the government suspected of being Communists were arrested (Palmer Raids) and 600 were deported or expelled from the U.S. No due process was followed (Civil War? WWI? Now?) Attorney General Mitchell Palmer
“undesirable”The U.S. Government began to restrict certain “undesirable” immigrants from entering the U.S. Emergency Quota Act of 1921Immigration Act of 1924Congress passed the Emergency Quota Act of 1921 and Immigration Act of 1924 Kept out immigrants from southeastern Europe.
Emergency Quota Act of Emergency Quota Act of newcomers from Europe were restricted at any year to a quota, which was set at 3% of the people of their nationality who lived in the U.S. in Immigration Act of Immigration Act of the quota was pushed down to 2% and the origins base was shifted to that of 1890, when few southeastern Europeans lived in America.
Cartoon from 1919: “Put them out and keep them out”