Presentation on theme: "Immigration. Immigration – when people move from one country to another country. Between 1866 & 1915, more than 25 million immigrants moved to the."— Presentation transcript:
Immigration – when people move from one country to another country. Between 1866 & 1915, more than 25 million immigrants moved to the U.S.
Push Factors Conditions that drive people to leave their homes. 1. Scarce Land 2. Farm jobs lost to new machines 3. Revolution 4. Poverty and hard lives 5. Political and religious persecution. Persecution – To annoy or harass someone.
Pull Factors Conditions that attract immigrants to a new area. 1. Promise of freedom and better life. 2. Family or friends already settled in the U.S. 3. Factory jobs available.
Pull Factors 1. Promise of freedom and better life. 2. Family or friends already settled in the U.S. 3. Factory jobs available.
Melting Pot a mixture of people from different cultures and races who blend together by abandoning their native languages and cultures
Through the “Golden Door” Europeans (East Coast) 1890’s immigrants from southern and eastern Europe Reasons for leaving religious persecution rising populations reform and revolt
Ellis Island Inspection station in NY Harbor Processed immigrants physical examination by a doctordoctor checked by a government inspector
Chinese and Japanese (West Coast) Chinese gold rush built railroads, mined, farmed Japanese recruited for Hawaiian farms 1898 annexation of Hawaii High American Wage
Angel Island Inspection Station in San Francisco Endured harsh questioning and long detention
Other Nationalities The West Indies limited jobs Heard about the economic boom in America Mexico political turmoil newly created farmland in the southwest
Galveston Inspection Station in Galveston Major port of entry before Ellis Island An estimated 200,000 immigrants entered America through Galveston from 1865 to 1924
Life in the New Land Came by boat Traveled in steerage Crowded conditions which allowed disease to spread quickly
Cooperation for Survival Challenges find a place to live get a job try to understand the language and culture Emergence of ethnic communities
The Crowded City Many immigrants settled in the city Most lived near family or friends Tenements: multifamily urban dwelling, usually overcrowded and unsanitary Overcrowding led to sanitation & safety problems Poverty made immigrants susceptible to corrupt politicians
Americanization Movement education program designed to help immigrants assimilate to American culture History and English lessons Cooking and social etiquette
Immigration Restrictions Nativism Nativism favoring the interest of native- born people over foreign-born people. Introduction of Nativist groupsNativist groups Nativist did not object immigrants from the “right” countries
Chinese Exclusion Act (1882) Banned the entry of Chinese immigrants for ten years By 1902 Chinese immigration was restricted indefinitely