2 WWI Ends 1918 Numerous deaths and destruction world “mood” altered becoming violent and unsettled
3 Government during WWI gained more control strict laws used against Americansmood of fear and suspicion
4 Soldiers return home production decreases unemployment soars wages fellprices of goods remain highstrikes erupt
5 Bolshevik Revolution Russia, 1917 World’s first communist state created by Vladimir LeninViolent statePromoted revolutions around the world
6 Unrest Begins in the USRadicals in the West organized a communist party, powerlessCaused chaos; terrified the nationCommunist hysteriaApril 1919 packages with bombs delivered through the mail
7 Responses to the Red Scare Wilson was presidentLaws passed during WWI that prevented people from protesting“Fighting Quaker” Attorney Gen. Palmer led crusade against leftists with suspect allegiance, 6000 suspects held.Palmer Raids = arresting US citizens who were radicals, imprisoned and denied a lawyer
8 The “Red Scare”Dec. 1919: 249 alien radicals deported to Russia on the ship Buford.Sept. 1920: Hysteria heightened by bomb on Wall Street.
9 Several states passed criminal syndicalism laws: mere advocacy of violence for social change was criminalized.1920: 5 NY legislators denied seats because they were Socialists.Conservative business owners used “scare” against labor: “open” shop was “American plan.”1921: Many regarded the conviction of Sacco & Vanzetti as a “judicial lynching” because they were Italians, atheists, anarchists, and draft dodgers.
10 Back to Normal May 1920 things settling down Public backlash to Palmer Raids and restrictions on protestingWarren G. Harding elected president 1921 pardoned and freed victims of Palmer Raids