2Post WWI ConcernsAmerican soldiers returning home brought a deadly flu virus.Killed 10 times more Americans than WWI battles did.Bolsheviks: A new foreign enemy in Russia.Vladimir Lenin instituted communism in the new Soviet Union.People share equally in society’s wealth.LeninBolshevik flag
3First Red ScareAmericans referred to communists as “Reds & Socialists.”Feared the overthrow of capitalism.Lenin encouraged workers to rise up in revolt.Communist parties formed in the U.S.Red Scare: Widespread fear of communism.Led to the Palmer raids: Attorney Gen., A. Mitchell Palmer led an anti-communism campaign.Included the deportation of suspected radical aliens.Arrested thousands using wartime laws.
5Labor Strife 1919: 4 million workers in 3,000 strikes. Cities faced major disruptions.Workers lost almost every strike.The public associated unions with radicalism & communism.Demand for goods decreased.Returning soldiers needed jobs.President Wilson did little to support labor.
7Immigration Concerns Red Scare triggered a distrust for foreigners. Labor leaders wanted to restrict the number of immigrants.National Origins Act 1924: Restricted immigration from southern & eastern Europe and Asia.KKK began to target Jews, Catholics, and all radicals.Sacco & Vanzetti case: Italian immigrants/anarchists tried for murder & robbery.Executed with little evidence backing a guilty verdict.