Presentation on theme: "American History Chapter 19-1 Postwar Havoc. Post WWI Concerns American soldiers returning home brought a deadly flu virus. – Killed 10 times more Americans."— Presentation transcript:
American History Chapter 19-1 Postwar Havoc
Post WWI Concerns American soldiers returning home brought a deadly flu virus. – Killed 10 times more Americans than WWI battles did. Bolsheviks: A new foreign enemy in Russia. – Vladimir Lenin instituted communism in the new Soviet Union. People share equally in society’s wealth. Lenin Bolshevik flag
First Red Scare Americans referred to communists as “Reds & Socialists.” – Feared the overthrow of capitalism. – Lenin encouraged workers to rise up in revolt. – Communist parties formed in the U.S. – Red Scare: Widespread fear of communism. Led to the Palmer raids: Attorney Gen., A. Mitchell Palmer led an anti-communism campaign. – Included the deportation of suspected radical aliens. – Arrested thousands using wartime laws.
Palmer Raids Palmer IWW Headquarters
Labor Strife 1919: 4 million workers in 3,000 strikes. – Cities faced major disruptions. – Workers lost almost every strike. The public associated unions with radicalism & communism. Demand for goods decreased. Returning soldiers needed jobs. President Wilson did little to support labor.
Immigration Concerns Red Scare triggered a distrust for foreigners. – Labor leaders wanted to restrict the number of immigrants. – National Origins Act 1924: Restricted immigration from southern & eastern Europe and Asia. – KKK began to target Jews, Catholics, and all radicals. Sacco & Vanzetti case: Italian immigrants/anarchists tried for murder & robbery. – Executed with little evidence backing a guilty verdict.