Presentation on theme: "Post WWI America. America is tired Finished the First World War Economy is struggling Cost of living is up Production is down."— Presentation transcript:
Post WWI America
America is tired Finished the First World War Economy is struggling Cost of living is up Production is down
Nativism and Isolationism Americans dislike outsiders –Nativism: Prejudice against foreign born Wants to stay out of international affairs –Isolationism: Pulling away from the world
Fear of Communism Fear an end to private property The Red Scare –1919: Communists take over Russia –Communist Party founded in the U.S. More than 70,000 join Bombs sent to gov’t and business leaders
U.S. Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer
Palmer Raids Palmer hunts down communists & anarchists –“Palmer Raids” –Violate civil rights of citizens –Jailed without lawyers –Thousands deported without trials Raids fail to turn up any real evidence
Sacco and Vanzetti
Shoemaker and Fisherman from Italy –Immigrants and anarchists –Fled Europe during WWI Arrested and charged with murder –Witnesses said the criminals “looked Italian” –Both men had alibis
Sacco and Vanzetti Both are convicted –Sentenced to death Outrage and protest around the world Governor refuses to grant clemency Both men electrocuted
Limiting Immigration “Keep America for Americans” Fewer unskilled job, less need for immigrants Believe Europeans were Communists/Anarchists
The Klan Reemerges 1924: 4.5 million members White male Protestants Opposed unions and Catholics too
Quota System 1921: Emergency Quota Act –Puts caps on immigration –Changed in 1924 Discriminated against Catholics and Jews Limit of 125,000 people per year to U.S.
Labor Unrest 1919: More than 3,000 strikes in U.S. Workers labeled as Communists Labor movement is hurt in 1920’s –Immigrant members are not liked –Language barriers hurt unionizing –Most unions wouldn’t allow African Americans
Justice Denied in Massachusetts
How does the poem’s speaker feel after Sacco and Vanzetti are executed What images best convey the mood of the poem?