Presentation on theme: "幼 师 英 语 主编 欧阳前春. Page 2 Unit 4 Health In this unit, you will 1. know how to communicate with a doctor; 2. understand the importance of forming good."— Presentation transcript:
Page 2 Unit 4 Health In this unit, you will 1. know how to communicate with a doctor; 2. understand the importance of forming good habits; 3. get some knowledge about the healthful diet for kids; 4. improve your English skills and English teaching techniques.
Page 3 1. Why is the dentist’s one of the busiest clinics in the western countries? 2. Are you satisfied with your teeth? Why? 3. How many times do you usually brush your teeth every day?
Page 4 Alice has something wrong with her teeth and she is seeing a dentist. Alice: Hello, doctor. Doctor: Hello. What’s wrong with you? Your face is swollen! Alice: I don’t know why my tooth hurts. Doctor: Maybe you have a cavity. Let me examine you. Alice: I’m afraid of your drill. Doctor: Don’t be silly. The drill doesn’t hurt you too much. Take it easy. Say “Ah…ah”. Ok. That’s all. Alice: What’s the matter? Doctor: I’m happy to say there’s nothing serious. I’m going to prescribe some painkillers for you. What’s more, you’d better drink plenty of water, eat more fruit and vegetables. Alice: But how often should I take the painkillers? Doctor: You’d better take two pills at a time, and three times a day. Alice: When should I take them? Doctor: You’d better take them 30 minutes before each meal. Alice: Thank you, doctor.
Page 5 Activity 1 Listening Comprehension 1. What’s wrong with Alice? 2. Is Alice afraid of the doctor’s drill? Activity 2 Speaking Practice 1. Act out the dialogue according to the following tips. AB What’s wrong with…I don’t know why … What’s the matter ?there’s … How often should I take …You’d better take … When should I take …You’d better take them …
Page 6 2. Talk about some diseases you know. 3. Make up a dialogue according to the following situation. You have been putting on weight recently, so you have to ask the doctor for some advice.
Page 7 Pre-reading 1. What kind of diet do you know is good for us? 2. What should we do to keep fit? My way of life
Page 8 My Way of Life Ten years ago, I was very fit. I cycled to work and got a lot of exercise at the weekend. I played tennis a lot and went for long walks. In those days I didn’t get a good job and I didn’t earn much. However, I had a lot of time to do what I enjoyed doing. Five years ago, I got a much better job. The better was the pay, the lazier I became. I bought a car and drove to work every day. I began to take people out to have dinner, so I started to put on weight. I stopped playing tennis and going for long walks at the weekend because I didn’t want to do the things like that any more. The more stress there was in my job, the more bad habits I formed. For example, no sooner had I got home than I started smoking and drinking.
Page 9 Two years ago, I suffered from a heart attack. At first, I couldn’t believe it. “I’m too young.” I said to myself. Luckily, it wasn’t very serious. I was in hospital for two weeks and took a lot of physical examinations. The doctor advised me to stop smoking and drinking. He also told me to keep on a diet and get more exercise. How terrible my way of life was! I followed the doctor’s advice. I gave up my bad habits and started to do the same things as I did ten years ago. In the morning, I got up early, ran to the park, breathe fresh air, and did physical exercise. Then I walked to work, and had a balanced diet containing some milk, fruit, vegetables, eggs, lean meat, and fish. In the evening, I danced or practiced Tai Chi with my neighbors. At the weekend, I played tennis or swam in the gym. Yesterday, I took a physical examination again. I’m in good health now! I’ll keep on my healthy way of life to enjoy my work and life.
Page 10 disease n. 病，疾病 swollen a. 肿大的 cavity n. 洞，穴；空腔 drill n. 钻头，钻床 prescribe vt. 开处方；规定 painkiller n. 镇痛剂，止痛药 fit adj. 健康的；合适的 cycle vi. 骑自行车；循环 earn vt. 赚，赚得；获得，挣得 Pay n. 工资，薪水；付款 stress n. 压力；紧张；强调 Habit n. 习惯，习性；嗜好 form vt. 构成，组成；产生 luckily adv. 幸运地 contain vt. 包含；控制；容纳
Page 11 Lean n. 瘦肉 put on weight 体重增加，发福 suffer from 患病，遭受 heart attack 心脏病 be in hospital 住院 take a physical examination 进行体检 follow one’s advice 接受某人的建议 give up one’s bad habits 改掉坏习惯 keep on a diet 控制饮食
Page 12 1. The better was the pay, the lazier I became. 待遇越好，我就变得越懒惰。 (1) “the more…, the more” 句型常表示 “ 越 …… 就越 ……” ，是一个复合句 。 其中，前面的句子是状语从句，后面的句子是主句。 the 用在形容词或副 词的比较级前， more 代表形容词或副词的比较级。 (2) 主、从句的时态常用一般现在时或一般过去时。如： The more she learns, the more she wants to learn. 她越学越想学。 The more stress there was in my job, the more bad habits I formed. 工作压力越大，我的坏习惯就越多。 (3) 若主句的谓语动词用一般将来时，从句的谓语动词要用一般现在时表 示将来。如： The harder you work, the greater progress you will make. 你越用功，进步就越大。
Page 13 2. no sooner had I got home than I started smoking and drinking. (1) “no sooner…than…” 意为 “ 一 …… 就 ……” ，引导时间状语从句，主句用 过去完成时， than 后面的从句用一般过去时。如： I had no sooner reached home than it began to rain. 我一到家天就下起雨来。 (2) No sooner 〖 WW( 〗 … 〖 WW) 〗 than 〖 WW( 〗 … 〖 WW) 〗 常放在句首，表示强 调，这时主句要倒装。如： No sooner had I reached home than it began to rain. 与这个短语类似的还有 “hardly…when…” 意思是： “ 还没 …… 就 ……” 。 如 : We had hardly got there when it began to rain. = Hardly had we got there when it began to rain. 我们还没到那儿，天就下起雨了。
Page 14 3. …and had a balanced diet containing some milk, fruit, vegetables, eggs, lean meat, and fish. 吃包含一些牛奶、水果、蔬菜、鸡蛋、瘦肉和鱼 的均衡饮食。 containing some milk, fruit, vegetables, eggs, lean meat, and fish. 是现在 分词短语，作后置定语，修饰 a balanced diet 。