1b Listen to Tina talking about her morning. Complete the sentences. 1.By the time I got up, my brother ____ already ______ in the shower. 2. By the time I got outside, the bus ____ already____. 3. When I got to school, I realized I _____ _____ my backpack at home. had left gotten
By the time she got outside, the bus had already left. 她出去的时候, 公共汽车已经开走了. by the time 意思是 “ 到 …… 的时候 ”, 相当于 when, 后接过去时的句子时, 主语的谓语动词用过去完成时 态。 e.g. By the time I got to the classroom, the test had began.
The Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时态 1. 过去完成时的谓语构成： 2. 过去完成时态的含义 : 助动词 had + 过去分词 主要是表示在过去某个时间, 或是动作之前已经 发生或完成的动作。也就是：过去的过去。
I got home. My little brother went to bed. By the time I got home, my little brother had gone to bed. 8:00 pm 9:00 pmnow
I got to school. The teacher came into the classroom. By the time I got to school, the teacher had come into the classroom. 8:00 am 9:15 am now
By the time she got outside, the bus had already left.
Tina overslept yesterday. By the time she got up, her brother had already gotten in the shower. And by the time she got outside, the bus had already left. So she had to run to school. When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home.
Listen to Tina continue her story. Number the pictures 1-4 in the correct order. 1 2 3 4 2a
When I _________(get home), I _______(realize) I ________ (leave) my keys in the backpack. By the time I ______(get) back to school, the bell __________(ring). By the time I _______(walk) into class, the teacher __________ (start) teaching already. got home got had rung walked had started realized had left Fill in the blanks with the correct verb forms. 2b
Grammar Focus By the time she got up, her brother had already gone into the bathroom. By the time she went outside, the bus had already left. By the time she got to class, the teacher had already started teaching. When she got to school, she realized she had left her backpack at home. Look! get got gotten go went gone leave left left start started started
构成：过去完成时由助动词 had+ 过去分词构成。 用法：过去完成时表示在过去某一时间或动作之 前已经发生或完成了的动作。它表示动作发生的 时间是过去的过去。常与 by 、 before 等构成的短 语连用。 He said that he had never seen such a beautiful bird before. 他说他以前从来没有看过这样美丽的鸟。 The Past Perfect Tense 过去完成时态 e.g.
本课出现的主要动词的过去式和过去分词 ring rang rung get got gotten go went gone leave left left start started started be was/were been take took taken run ran run wake woke woken
blow away 刮走 get back 拿回 step on 踩到 …… 上 dirty 脏的 What happened to the old man? Tell a story.