Presentation on theme: "Spelling, Roots, & Vocab HONORS UNIT 1 REVIEW. Root Meaning SCEND to climb ASCEND, DESCEND, CONDESCENDING."— Presentation transcript:
Spelling, Roots, & Vocab HONORS UNIT 1 REVIEW
Root Meaning SCEND to climb ASCEND, DESCEND, CONDESCENDING
Root Meaning GNAT to be born COGNATE
Root Meaning LYS to loosen ANALYSIS, PARALYSIS, DIALYSIS
Root Meaning ONYM name SYNONYM, EPONYM, ANONYMOUS
Root Meaning PHER to carry or bear PARAPHERNALIA, PERIPHERY, PHEROMONE
Root Meaning POUND to put, place, or set COMPOUND, EXPOUND, PROPOUND
Root Meaning SOLV to loosen RESOLVE, SOLVE, SOLVENT
Root Meaning LOG speech, reason, word GEOLOGY, APOLOGIZE, LOGORRHEA
Root Meaning POSIT to put, place, set DEPOSIT, POSITION, PROPOSITION
Root Meaning LUS to play or jest; game ALLUSION, ELUSIVE, COLLUSION
Root Meaning QUEST to seek, ask, gain QUESTION, CONQUEST, REQUEST
Root Meaning SOLUT to loosen SOLUTION, RESOLUTION, ABSOLUTELY
Root Meaning NOMIN name DENOMINATION, NOMINATE, IGNOMINIOUS
Root Meaning LYZ to loosen PARALYZE, ANALYZE, PSYCHOANALYZE
Root Meaning NAIV to be born NAÏVÉ, NAÏVETÉ
Root Meaning PET to seek, to rush at, to go toward IMPETUOUS, PETULANT, APPETITE
Root Meaning PHOR to carry or bear METAPHOR, ANAPHORA, EUPHORIA
Root Meaning QUIR to seek, ask, gain INQUIRE, REQUIREMENT, ACQUIRE
Root Meaning NAIS to be born RENAISSANCE
Root Meaning PON to put, place, set COMPONENT, EXPONENT, POSTPONE
Root Meaning QUER to seek, ask, gain QUERY, CONQUER
Root Meaning NAT to be born NATURE, INNATE, NATIVE, INTERNATIONAL
Root Meaning QUIS to seek, ask, gain INQUISITIVE, EXQUISITE, PREREQUISITE
Root Meaning SCENT to climb ASCENT, DESCENT, NASCENT
Root Meaning LUD to play or jest; game LUDICROUS, ALLUDE, ELUDE
Root Meaning POS to put, place, set COMPOSE, REPOSE, APROPOS
Correct or Incorrect? descendent descendant
Correct or Incorrect? analyticle analytical
Correct or Incorrect? elusive C
Correct or Incorrect? naïveté C
Correct or Incorrect? perpetuate C
Correct or Incorrect? tautology C
Correct or Incorrect? euphorea euphoria
Correct or Incorrect? innate C
Correct or Incorrect? apoligize apologize
Correct or Incorrect? anonamous anonymous
Correct or Incorrect? impasition imposition
Correct or Incorrect? requisite C
Correct or Incorrect? condesending condescending
Correct or Incorrect? juxtipose juxtapose
Correct or Incorrect? ignominious C
Correct or Incorrect? exsquisite exquisite
Correct or Incorrect? ludacrous ludicrous
Correct or Incorrect? paraphernalea paraphernalia
Correct or Incorrect? iresolute irresolute
Correct or Incorrect? impetuous C
INNATE Meaning: having at birth Synonyms: inborn, inbred, inherited Antonyms: acquired, learned, gained Context: She has an innate sense of rhythm.
NAÏVETÉ Meaning: quality of lacking worldly experience Synonyms: unsophistication, innocence, gullibility Antonyms: worldly, experienced, artful Context: Ron’s naïveté resulted in a $2,500 loss from the conman.
REQUISITE Meaning: needed; imposed by authority Synonyms: necessary, indispensable, essential Antonyms: needless, superfluous, nonessential Context: Do you have the requisite supplies?
EXQUISITE Meaning: of such beauty to arouse intense delight Synonyms: striking, elegant, graceful, impeccable Antonyms: ordinary, inferior, flawed, repulsive Context: I just received this exquisite diamond!
DESCENDANT Meaning: one who is descended from an ancestor Synonyms: heir, offspring, progeny, child Antonyms: progenitor, ancestor, forefather Context: I am a descendant of Abe Lincoln.
CONDESCENDING Meaning: having a patronizingly superior attitude Synonyms: arrogant, haughty, supercilious, snobby Antonyms: humble, respectful, considerate Context: Alice was condescending when she told me that I shouldn’t win the award over her.
APOLOGIZE Meaning: to regretfully acknowledge an offense Synonyms: ask pardon, atone, make amends, regret Antonyms: insult, offend, hurt, neglect, disappoint Context: My mom said that I need to apologize.
TAUTOLOGY Meaning: saying the same thing twice over in different words Synonyms: redundancy, reiteration, repetition Antonyms: brevity, conciseness, succinctness Examples: The students will take turns, one after the other. She was a dark-haired brunette.
IGNOMINIOUS Meaning: marked by shame or disgrace Synonyms: despicable, embarrassing, disgraceful Antonyms: respectable, commendable, deserving Context: Jim’s ignominious action caused Sarah to break up with him.
ANONYMOUS Meaning: without a name Synonyms: unsigned, undisclosed, unidentified Antonyms: known, identified, named Context: The survey will be anonymous.
LUDICROUS Meaning: laughable because of obvious absurdity Synonyms: ridiculous, farcical, outlandish, foolish Antonyms: reasonable, sensible, sound, sad Context: I made a ludicrous offer on the house-- $2,300!
ELUSIVE Meaning: capable of escaping capture or comprehension Synonyms: evasive, ambiguous, incomprehensible Antonyms: intelligible, definite, stable, understandable Context: That math theorem is simply elusive!
EUPHORIA Meaning: a feeling of great happiness Synonyms: elation, high spirits, glee, jubilation, bliss Antonyms: depression, discouragement, misery Context: The euphoria in the room was palpable.
PARAPHERNALIA Meaning: personal belongings carried about Synonyms: gear, regalia, “stuff,” accoutrements Antonyms: community property, family heirlooms Context: My paraphernalia includes my wallet, keys, and Ipod.
IMPETUOUS Meaning: having sudden, forceful energy or emotion Synonyms: impulsive, abrupt, eager, impassioned Antonyms: calm, cautious, reflective, circumspect Context: You may regret your impetuous decision.
PERPETUATE Meaning: to continue indefinitely Synonyms: maintain, keep going, sustain Antonyms: discontinue, give up, cease, halt Context: Why do you want to perpetuate this lie?
ANALYTICAL Meaning: able to reason validly Synonyms: rational, scientific, logical, investigative Antonyms: disorganized, illogical, unsystematic Context: Lana solved the problem with her analytical mind.
IRRESOLUTE Meaning: unsure of how to act or proceed Synonyms: undecided, doubtful, hesitant, uncertain Antonyms: resolute, decisive, determined, obstinate Context: My decision is irresolute; do not bother me again.
JUXTAPOSE Meaning: to place side by side to compare Synonyms: place next to, bring together Antonyms: separate, divide, isolate, draw apart Context: When you juxtapose the images, you can see how one has finer quality.
IMPOSITION Meaning: a burdensome or unfair demand Synonyms: intrusion, demand, command, encumbrance Antonyms: benefit, blessing, help, aid Example: Yes, it is an imposition to borrow my car for three months!
A PREFIX… acts like a ___ in a sentence. preposition is attached to the ___ of a word. front
A SUFFIX… determines a word’s ___. part of speech is attached to the ___ of a word. end
A PREFIX… that changes its last letter to match the first letter of the root to which it is attached is called an ___ prefix. assimilated
A PREFIX… that has the meaning of “very” or “thoroughly” is called an ___ prefix. intensive
A ROOT… carries the main ___ of a word. meaning
A WORD… must have at least one prefix, root, or suffix root