2 Basic Parts of Speech Name the basic parts of speech. Noun Verb (action and helping)AdjectiveAdverbConjunctions (subordinating and coordinating)ArticlesPrepositionPronounInterjections
3 Combining SentencesWhich part of speech do you use to combine two sentences?ConjunctionsBe sure to use a comma before the fanboys when combining sentences.Example: The house is blue. I want to buy it.
4 Fragments and Sentences Fragment: incomplete sentence; either the verb or subject is missing; the thought which is expressed is not complete.Sentence: a complete sentence which has at least a verb and a subject; expresses a complete thought.Give an example of each.
5 Types of Sentences What are the types of sentences? Interrogative DeclarativeImperativeExclamatory
6 Which type of sentence is it? Oh, I love ice-cream!When do we have to go home?It is raining outside.Go to bed, now!
7 Run-On SentencesSentences which do not have proper punctuation the comma is either in the wrong spot or there is no comma at all.Remember: Independent Clauses cannot be combined using a comma.
8 Proofreading and Editing What do you look for when you are supposed to proofread and edit?Run-on sentencesFragmentsWord choice mistakesPunctuationSpellingGrammar
9 VocabularyWhat do the following terms mean?SynonymAntonymHomophone
10 Figuring out Unknown Words How can you figure out the meaning of unknown words?Use Context CluesIdentify root words, prefixes, suffixesThink about word families
11 Drawing Inferences and Conclusions Julio and his father had been looking forward to their fishing trip for weeks. They didn't take much food with them on the trip. When they started fishing they were quickly approached by a forest ranger. He asked Julio's father if he had a fishing license. Julio's father reached into his wallet and suddenly got a terrified look on his face. Julio was disappointed that night as he ate dinner.1.Why did Julio and his father not take much food with them on the trip?a. they didn't want to eat too muchb. they didn't have any food at their housec. they were planning on eating the fish that they caughtd. they don't like to eat fish
12 Julio and his father had been looking forward to their fishing trip for weeks. They didn't take much food with them on the trip. When they started fishing they were quickly approached by a forest ranger. He asked Julio's father if he had a fishing license. Julio's father reached into his wallet and suddenly got a terrified look on his face. Julio was disappointed that night as he ate dinner.2. Which of the following is a conclusion that can be drawn about the story?a. Julio was disappointed at dinner because he was hoping to have fish for dinner.b. Julio's mother doesn't like fishc. It takes a long time to catch fishd. Julio's father is a better fisherman than Julio
13 GeneralizationsDefinitions: a general statement or concept obtained by inference from specific situations. By drawing inferences, you can come to a conclusion.
14 Cause and Effect – Event and Outcome Cause and Effect is when one event causes another to happen.Cause is WHY something happens, Effect is WHAT happens.
15 Read the following selections, and answer the cause/effect questions. “I don't want a babysitter. I am eleven years old. My babysitter is only three years older than I am," she loudly yelled to her Mom. Now, she really wished she had somebody with her as she heard the clicking, scratching noises outside of the living room window. "This is silly. It's probably the storm," the girl said. She regretted watching the horror show she had been tuned into for the last half hour. As she searched for the remote to turn off the vampire movie, the front door blew open with a thunderous noise. Carla whirled around to see a dark image.1. Carla didn't want a babysitter because A. She believes she is old enough to take care of herself. B. She wants to watch scary movies. C. Carla's mother leaves her alone all the time. D. Carla's babysitter is only three years older than Carla.
16 2. What made Carla turn around. A 2. What made Carla turn around? A. The dark image that appeared at the door. B. The front door blew open. C. Carla's babysitter appeared at the door. D. Carla couldn't find the remote control.
17 Author’s PurposeDefinition: the reason why an author writes about a certain topic.What are the types of author’s purpose?InformEntertainPersuadeexplain
18 Main Idea Definition: what the text talks about. Passing fears are common in early childhood. Many 2- to 4- year-olds are afraid of animals, especially dogs. By 6 years, children are more likely to be afraid of the dark. Other common fears are of thunderstorms, doctors, and imaginary creatures.The topic of this paragraph isA) fear.B) passing fears.C) two-to-four year olds fear of animals.D) common fears
19 The stated main idea of this paragraph is A) Passing fears are common in early childhood.B) Many 2- to 4-year olds are afraid of animals, especially dogs.C) By 6 years, children are more likely to be afraid of the dark.D) Other common fears are of thunderstorms, doctors, and imaginary creatures.
20 Plot StructureDescribe the structure of a plot.
21 Types of Characters Protagonist Antagonist Major Minor Explain the types of characters.
22 ConflictExplain what the conflict in a story is and what types of conflict there are.Definition: The problem the protagonist faces in the story.Types of conflict: Internal (emotional) and external (an outside force)Give an example for both types.