A PREFIX… acts like a ___ in a sentence. preposition is attached to the ___ of a word. front
A PREFIX… that changes its last letter to match the first letter of the root to which it is attached is called an ___ prefix. assimilated
A PREFIX… that has the meaning of “very” or “thoroughly” is called an ___ prefix. intensive
A ROOT… carries the main ___ of a word. meaning
A SUFFIX… determines a word’s ___. part of speech is attached to the ___ of a word. end
A WORD… must have at least one prefix, root, or suffix root
INNATE Meaning: having at birth Synonyms: inborn, inbred, inherited Antonyms: acquired, learned, gained Context: She has an innate sense of rhythm.
NAÏVETÉ Meaning: quality of lacking worldly experience Synonyms: innocence, gullibility Antonyms: worldly, experienced, artful Context: Ron’s naïveté resulted in a $2,500 loss from the conman.
REQUISITE Meaning: needed; imposed by authority Synonyms: necessary, indispensable, essential Antonyms: needless, superfluous, nonessential Context: Do you have the requisite supplies?
EXQUISITE Meaning: of such beauty to arouse intense delight Synonyms: striking, elegant, graceful, impeccable Antonyms: ordinary, inferior, flawed, repulsive Context: I just received this exquisite diamond!
DESCENDANT Meaning: one who is descended from an ancestor Synonyms: heir, offspring, progeny, child Antonyms: progenitor, ancestor, forefather Context: I am a descendant of Abe Lincoln.
CONDESCENDING Meaning: having a patronizingly superior attitude Synonyms: arrogant, haughty, supercilious, snobby Antonyms: humble, respectful, considerate Context: Alice was condescending when she told me that I shouldn’t win the award over her.
APOLOGIZE Meaning: to regretfully acknowledge an offense Synonyms: ask pardon, atone, make amends, regret Antonyms: insult, offend, hurt, neglect, disappoint Context: My mom said that I need to apologize.
TAUTOLOGY Meaning: saying the same thing twice over in different words Synonyms: redundancy, reiteration, repetition Antonyms: brevity, conciseness, succinctness Examples: The students will take turns, one after the other. She was a dark-haired brunette.
IGNOMINIOUS Meaning: marked by shame or disgrace Synonyms: despicable, embarrassing, disgraceful Antonyms: respectable, commendable, deserving Context: Jim’s ignominious action caused Sarah to break up with him.
ANONYMOUS Meaning: without a name Synonyms: unsigned, undisclosed, unidentified Antonyms: known, identified, named Context: The survey will be anonymous.
LUDICROUS Meaning: laughable because of obvious absurdity Synonyms: ridiculous, farcical, outlandish, foolish Antonyms: reasonable, sensible, sound, sad Context: I made a ludicrous offer on the house-- $2,300!
ELUSIVE Meaning: capable of escaping capture or comprehension Synonyms: evasive, ambiguous, incomprehensible Antonyms: intelligible, definite, stable, understandable Context: That math theorem is simply elusive!
EUPHORIA Meaning: a feeling of great happiness Synonyms: elation, high spirits, glee, jubilation, bliss Antonyms: depression, discouragement, misery Context: The euphoria in the room was palpable.
PARAPHERNALIA Meaning: personal belongings carried about Synonyms: gear, regalia, “stuff,” accoutrements Antonyms: community property, family heirlooms Context: My paraphernalia includes my wallet, keys, and Ipod.
IMPETUOUS Meaning: having sudden, forceful energy or emotion Synonyms: impulsive, abrupt, eager, impassioned Antonyms: calm, cautious, reflective, circumspect Context: You may regret your impetuous decision.
PERPETUATE Meaning: to continue indefinitely Synonyms: maintain, keep going, sustain Antonyms: discontinue, give up, cease, halt Context: Why do you want to perpetuate this lie?
ANALYTICAL Meaning: able to reason validly Synonyms: rational, scientific, logical, investigative Antonyms: disorganized, illogical, unsystematic Context: Lana solved the problem with her analytical mind.
IRRESOLUTE Meaning: unsure of how to act or proceed Synonyms: undecided, doubtful, hesitant, uncertain Antonyms: resolute, decisive, determined, obstinate Context: My decision is irresolute; do not bother me again.
JUXTAPOSE Meaning: to place side by side to compare Synonyms: place next to, bring together Antonyms: separate, divide, isolate, draw apart Context: When you juxtapose the images, you can see how one has finer quality.
IMPOSITION Meaning: a burdensome or unfair demand Synonyms: intrusion, demand, command, encumbrance Antonyms: benefit, blessing, help, aid Example: Yes, it is an imposition to borrow my car for three months!
PREDILECTION Meaning: a natural liking or preference Synonyms: partiality, affinity, penchant, leaning Antonyms: disinclination, dislike, impartiality Example: I have a predilection for telling lies.
NEGLIGIBLE Meaning: not significant or important Synonyms: imperceptible, slight, trifling Antonyms: significant, major, large Example: We have had a negligible amount of rainfall this year.
DESPICABLE Meaning: so objectionable as to deserve contempt Synonyms: disgraceful, loathsome, shameful Antonyms: commendable, honorable, good Example: The man’s despicable actions landed him in jail.
PERSPICACITY Meaning: acute skill in perceiving, judging, or discerning Synonyms: acumen, discernment, understanding Antonyms: obtuse, dense, imperceptive Example: Your perspicacity enabled us to win the academic decathlon.
OPPORTUNISTIC Meaning: taking immediate advantage, often unethically, of a situation Synonyms: strategic, shrewd, astute, conniving Antonyms: aboveboard, unimaginative, obtuse Example: The opportunistic politician pushed the legislation through by feeding on the fears of the electorate.
PURPORTED Meaning: assumed or claimed to be such Synonyms: supposed, professed, alleged, proclaimed Antonyms: concealed, denied, disclaimed Example: The purported benefits of the new medicine have not been seen yet.
CONSCIENTIOUS Meaning: done with careful attention Synonyms: diligent, fastidious, exacting, reliable Antonyms: careless, indifferent, irresponsible Example: The conscientious student prepared well for her science test.
UNCONSCIONABLE Meaning: not restrained by conscience Synonyms: unscrupulous, amoral, unprincipled Antonyms: decent, civilized, just, kind Example: The treatment of the Jews during the Holocaust was unconscionable.