Presentation on theme: "EXPANSION OF ASIA: 600 TO 1450 AP World History Ms. Kamburov."— Presentation transcript:
EXPANSION OF ASIA: 600 TO 1450 AP World History Ms. Kamburov
Chinese Dynasties Chronology Shang Zhou Period of Warring States Qin Han Tang Song Brief period of Mongol rule Ming
Tang & Song Grouped together Tang expanded China Fell due to overexpansion and feuds between local warlords Song Fell due to Mongol invasion Eventually Mongols were driven out and replaced with the Ming dynasty
Tang & Song Accomplishments Tang – most famous for poetry Tells us about daily life in China during that time Under the Song dynasty, China developed printing processes (also increased use of gunpowder) This facilitated the spread of literacy and later influenced education, etc. in Korea & Japan DQ: Where else did printing processes simultaneously develop?
Tang Poetry At Parting by Wang Wei I dismount from my horse and I offer you wine, And I ask you where you are going and why. And you answer: "I am discontent And would rest at the foot of the southern mountain. So give me leave and ask me no questions. White clouds pass there without end."
Political Stability Under the Tang & Song dynasties, China was very stable Bureaucratic system based on merit Thus, civil service became a meritocracy as opposed to aristocracy DQ: Who developed this system? Extensive transportation and communication network within empire Introduction of paper money and letters of credit Urban base (e.g. Tang power was concentrated in Chang’an)
Wu Zhao First and only Empress of China Ruled under the Tang dynasty Ironically, China was at this time (600 – 1450) highly patriarchal Women enjoyed very few rights Foot-binding widespread under the Song dynasty
Japan Most important ruling family was the Yamato clan – the first and ONLY dynasty to rule Japan Eventually government fell into the control of the Fujiwara family while the emperor remained a figurehead
Feudalism in Japan Developed around the same time as in Europe 1. Emperor – king/monarch 2. Shogun – chief general or high lord 3. Daimyo samurai – lords or knights 4. Lesser samurai – given land by daimyo samurai 5. Peasants & artisans
Samurai Followed the Code of Bushido Similar to Code of Chivalry for European knights Stressed loyalty, courage & honor If a samurai failed to meet his obligations, he was supposed to commit suicide
The Mongols Nomads Superb horsemen and archers Rivalries between tribes and clans prevented unity until Genghis Khan set them on a unified path of expansion Led the Mongol invasion of China Eventually the Mongol Empire spanned from the Pacific Ocean to Eastern Europe Golden Horde in Russia DQ: What major trade routes can you identify in the following map?