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Asia 618 – 906 China has become larger than it ever had before Emperors like Xuanzong (712 – 755) extended Chinese rule to parts of central Asia, Mongolia,

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Presentation on theme: "Asia 618 – 906 China has become larger than it ever had before Emperors like Xuanzong (712 – 755) extended Chinese rule to parts of central Asia, Mongolia,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Asia 618 – 906 China has become larger than it ever had before Emperors like Xuanzong (712 – 755) extended Chinese rule to parts of central Asia, Mongolia, Manchuria, Tibet and Pacific Coast… Tang Dynasty

2 Asia Tang forced many of its neighbors into a tributary system in which countries like Korea, Japan and Vietnam had to make regular monetary payments to avoid punishment… Tributary System

3 Asia Built by Sui to connect the Yellow and Yangzi Rivers Expanded by the Tang rulers Stimulated the Chinese economy by taking advantage of the Silk Road and Indian Ocean trade… Grand Canal

4 Asia Leading Industry of China Generated particularly large profits during the Tang era with a near monopoly on world production… Silk Industry

5 Asia 960 – 1279 Empire ruling east-central China from Yellow River in the North to the Vietnamese border in the South Enjoyed steady population growth, increased urbanization, thriving trade, and cultural & technological advances Witnessed the invention of gun- powder and the compass Like Han & Tang, subscribed to the Mandate of Heaven Used civil-service exams, relied on hierarchical doctrines of Neo- Confusiunism… Song China

6 Asia Under Song Empire became busiest and most cosmopolitan areas… Canton

7 Asia Mongol conqueror of the Song Empire Grandson of Genghis Khan Proclaimed the “Yuan Empire” 1271 – 1368 Called himself the Great Khan of the Mongols Considered the first to reunify China as a single state in centuries Made Yuan a great empire; rich and powerful… Kublai Khan

8 Asia 1271 – 1368 Established by Kublai Khan Rebuilt China’s bureaucracy and economy Repaired roads and canals, built new cities Restored trade with the west… Yuan Empire

9 Asia Recovered as a vital trade route under the Yuan Empire… Silk Road

10 Asia Son of Italian merchant Visited Yuan China and the court of Kublai Khan in the late 1200s… Marco Polo

11 Asia China experienced it in the early 1300s Responsible for killing % of China’s population before spreading to the Middle East and Europe AKA Bubonic Plague… Black Death

12 Asia 1368 – 1644 Established after rebellion resulting in the fall of the Yuan Leader, known as Yongle, transformed Beijing into a magnificent capital by building the forbidden city as a new seat of power Had a large, effective army Admiral Zheng made 7 long sea voyages to SE Asia, India, Middle East, and East Africa – extracted money from weaker states… Ming Dynasty

13 Asia 794 – 1185 Considered Japan’s classical era Emperor was symbolic figurehead – lost power to Chancellor who was supposed to serve and protect Emperor Fuji war clan controlled chancellor… Heian Period

14 Asia Kept out Kublai Khans’ invasions Japan fell to feudalism Shared power with noble warlords “Great General” held the real power… Shogun

15 Asia Noble warlords who shared power with the Shogun in Feudal Japan Along with Shogun belonged to warrior elite know as Samurai… Daimyo

16 Asia Way of the warrior Code of conduct of the Samurai Loyalty, honor and bravery Was more stringent and hierarchal than European Chivalry Most extreme penalty for violating it was ritual suicide (hara-kiri) Was supposed to govern the relationship between lords and vassals in the Japanese system as opposed to the more stringent system formal contracts used in medieval Europe… Bushido

17 Asia Established 1206 – 1526 by Muslim invaders after disunity from 550CE when the Gupta Empire collapsed Introduced India to Islam… Delhi Sultanate

18 Asia Central Asian warlord who attacked Delhi, capturing and plundering it for a year (1328) Weakened the Delhi Sultanate, resulting it succumbing to new invaders in the 1500s… Timur


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