Presentation on theme: "EQ: How do we recognize text structures in functional text? Understanding Text Structures."— Presentation transcript:
EQ: How do we recognize text structures in functional text? Understanding Text Structures
Activate! Have you ever heard of an apple-shaped or pear-shaped person? These terms refer to the structure of the body, specifically if fat is stored in the stomach (apple) or in the hips and legs (pear). The body type is like a text structure; it’s how the body is set up.
What do the words mean? Structure paragraphSkyscraper Pear or apple body shape Parts put together in a certain way Form of organization The way something is set up
What do the words mean? If we know that TEXT means something we can read + STRUCTURE is the way something is organized or set up = TEXT STRUCTURE is the way that a reading selection is organized
What do the words mean? Function ? Teacher: make sure students learn Doorknob: open the door Its job to do How it works What something does
What do the words mean? If we know that TEXT means something we can read + FUNCTION is the job that something does = FUNCTIONAL TEXT is the kind of reading you can use for a purpose or to perform a task
Examples of Functional Text Newspaper Subway map Webpage Job application Your example?
Text Structure: Sequence Putting items in order by number, date, or time (chronological order) the followingalso then in addition anotherfurthermore finally likewise besides as well as several some manya few Flow Chart
Text Structure: Sequence Flow Chart How do I use a flow chart to show sequence of events?
Text Structure: Sequence Flow Chart Your turn: Use page to complete the chart.
Text Structure: Compare/Contrast Definition: author lists similarities and differences Key words: howevereven though buton the contrary yetotherwise despitein comparison stillon the other hand Y
Text Structure: Compare/Contrast How do I use a matrix to compare two or more items?
Text Structure: Compare/Contrast Your turn: Use chapter 8 pages to complete the following chart.
Text Structure: Problem/Solution Suggesting possible answers to an unresolved issue Keywords: Problem Solution Because Cause Since as a result so that Problem Solution 1Solution 2Solution 3
Text Structure: Problem/Solution How do we show a problem and possible solutions in a text?
Text Structure: Problem/Solution Now you try!
Text Structure: Cause and Effect One event makes another one happen Key words: for this reason thus in order to as a result because consequently so that on account of therefore accordingly CauseEffect
Text Structure: Cause and Effect How do we use a cause and effect chart to organize our reading? CauseEffect
Text Structure: Cause and Effect You try: Use your GA History book and the following chart to find the causes and effects in the text. GA History Book page #CauseEffect 114 paragraph paragraph 1 (another cause and effect) 114 paragraph paragraph 2 (another cause and effect) 115 paragraph paragraph 7 (another cause and effect) 116 paragraph whole page
Text Structure: Main Idea and Detail Paragraphs that are set up like a Language Arts essay; contain a topic sentence and supporting details To check yourself, turn the main idea in a question. The details should answer that question. Detail 1 _________________ Detail 2 _________________ Detail 3 _________________ Main Idea
Text Structure: Main Idea and Detail How do I use the main idea-detail chart to analyze a paragraph? Detail 1 ______________________________________ Detail 2 ______________________________________ Detail 3 _____________________________________ Main Idea
Text Structure: Main Idea and Detail Your turn: Find the main idea on pg 184, under “Economic Differences.” Detail 1 ______________________________________ Detail 2 ______________________________________ Detail 3 _____________________________________ Main Idea Turn it into a question and check yourself! Does the paragraph answer this question?